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by Cathy may dalaygon

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  1. 1. GROUP 6 presents
  2. 2. (The Lord ofthe Rings)
  3. 3. Who discoveredSaturn? Saturn, named after the Roman god of the same name, is the Solar System’s second largest planet. In Roman mythology, Saturn is the father of Zeus (Uranus, the planet after it, is the father of Saturn in the same mythology). It was also part of the five classical planets—planets that were known during ancient times due to its visibility from the Earth. Babylonian and Hindu astrologers were already recording the movement of the planet way before the existence of Nicolas Copernicus’ theory regarding the Solar System and Galileo Galilee’s telescope. Still, it was these two who proved that Saturn is part of the Solar System as a planet, something similar to Earth (which, in turn, isn’t the center of the universe as was previously believed).
  4. 4. People behind other Saturn discoveriesD include Christian Huygens, Giovanni Domenico, and William Herschel. HuygensI discovered Titan, a Saturn moon. DomenicoS discovered four other moons of the planet namely, Dione, Iapetus, Rhea, and Tethys.C Herschel discovered two other moons: Enceladus and Mimas. Herschel alsoO discovered Uranus, the planet after Saturn.V William Henry Pickering, an American astronomer, discovered Phoebe and a BritishE team of astrologers discovered Hyperion. TheR tenth moon, Janus, was discovered by French astronomer Audouin Doulfus. Previously, they tenth moon was believed to be Themis, also discovered by Pickering.
  5. 5. Saturn is perhaps one of the distinguishable planets in the solarD system, thanks to its every prominentI ring system. The sixth planet (if distinguished from the sun) and alsoS largest planet in the solar system nextC to Jupiter, it is one of the four gas giantO planets, with Neptune, Jupiter, and Uranus as the other three. The planet isV actually named after Roman god Saturn,E the god of agriculture and harvest.R Saturn has a Greek god equivalent— Cronos, Zeus’ Titan father. According toy Greek mythology, Cronos served as the world’s ruler before Poseidon, Hades, and Zeus overthrew him.
  6. 6. Basically, no one really knowsD when or who, to be exact— discovered this solar system gasI giant. Saturn has been known toS exist ever since the prehistoricC times. Of the planets to be first discovered, Saturn is the farthest.O The distance gives Saturn the kind ofV mystique and mystery that made itsE way to numerous mythologies, even beyond the Roman and Greek ones.R Saturn, for instance, played a hugey part in ancient Asian cultures in Japan and China and Hindu and Babylonian astrology.
  7. 7. D Further inquiries to the specifics of Saturn, however, took time. It wasI only during the 1600s when GalileoS discovered that Saturn had rings,C although he wrongly hypothesized that these were moons, ChristianO Huygens discovered that the “moons”V were actually rings and that theE planet had an actual moon. Later, four other Saturn moons wereR discovered by Giovanni Domenico.y New discoveries were further fleshed out until the early 1940s.
  8. 8. What isSaturn Made Of?
  9. 9. Saturn iscomposed of 96%hydrogen, 3%helium, and 1%various traceelements thatinclude methane,ammonia, ethane,and hydrogendeuteride. Severalof these gases canbe found in gas,liquid, and moltenstates as youdescend into theplanet.
  10. 10. Just like the other planets, Saturn can be divided into different layers as you descend further down into the planet. The What topmost part would be the cloud layer. This is made up of ammonia crystals and right is below the clouds are water and ammoniumSaturn hydro-sulfide. Underneath this cloud layer, pressures Made can rise so much that it reaches the point wherein hydrogen is compressed and turned Of? into liquid nitrogen. Then this turns into metallic hydrogen. Astronomers believe that the interior of Saturn is actually composed of rock and metal elements that sank down to its center during the formation of the planet itself.
  11. 11. Hydrogen Gas What isSaturn Made liquid Of? Rocky centre
  12. 12. The planet’s atmosphere may appear bland to most, although there What are long-lived features that are quite is distinct on it. Saturn also has one of the most prominent ring systems which areSaturn composed of ice particles as well as dust and rock debris. There are 61 known Made moons that orbit this planet. But there Of? are also hundreds of moonlets weaving their way through the rings. In fact, one of Saturn’s moons, the Titan, is larger than the planet Mercury and is the only one in our Solar System that possesses a significant atmosphere.
  13. 13. The planet Saturn is said to be the second largest among the known planets, having a diameter of almost 75,000 miles. It is also considered as theWhat sixth planet to orbit around the sun at a distance of about 885 million miles. For an orbit to be Is completed, a calculation of almost 28.5 years should The be taken despite the fact that its rotation is just for over 10.5 hours. Considered as a gas giant, it isPlanet known for having no surface but a rocky inner core with a layer composing of liquid metallic hydrogen. Look A feature that is most striking in the planet Like? Saturn is its ring system. Its ring system consists of a number of ice chunks in which sizes can be compared to dust particles estimated to be 10 meters big. The spaces in between these chunks are known to be large enough to enable probes to cross through them without any damage. It is said to have seven major rings and numerous smaller ringlets held by shepherd moons in place. The largest ring is known to be about 180,000 miles across.
  14. 14. When it comes to the planet’s number of moons, Saturn owns 60.What The largest of its moons is referred to as Titan, which is bigger Is compared to that from Mercury with The 3,200 miles in diameter. It contains within it thick nitrogen atmosphere.Planet Based on researches and probing Look made for Saturn, it has been discovered that the planet has Like? within it what can be viewed as river channels and shoreline. It can also be described as a surface full of rocks surrounded with an orange haze.
  15. 15. Saturn’s outer atmosphere is composed of 96.3% molecular hydrogen andA 3.25% helium. The rest are made up of small amounts of acetylene, ammonia,T phosphine, methane, and ethane. TheM clouds located at the upper part of SaturnO are made up of ammonia crystals. The clouds located on the lower levels of theS atmosphere are made off either h2o orP ammonium hydrosulfide. Helium is notablyH deficient on Saturn.E Saturn’s atmosphere forms a bandedR pattern. Saturn’s winds are one of theE fastest in the Solar System. According to the satellite Voyager, the winds can go up to 500 m/s.
  16. 16. Long-lived ovals have been observed on Saturn’s atmosphere.The Hubble Space Telescope found a large white cloud close to theequator in 1991 which was not seen in previous Voyager orbits. This ishas been given a nickname, “Great White Spot.” Such a storm occursonce every year in Saturn. Take note that one Saturn year isequivalent to 30 Earth years. The most famous storm happened on1933. The next storm is said to occur in the year 2020. The Cassini spacecraft brought back images of Saturn. Theimages show its northern hemisphere as being bright blue in color.This color cannot be seen on Earth because it is being blocked by itsrings. Rayleigh scattering is said to be the cause of the blue color. Thepolar vortex of Saturn is warm. This is a unique feature of Saturn andno other planet exhibits something similar to this. This is the warmestpart of Saturn. A hexagon shaped cloud pattern has been seen around thenorth polar vortex. It is still unknown as to why it is shaped that way.Astronomers think that a standing-wave pattern in the atmospherecauses it to be in that shape but some think that the hexagon shape isa novel aurora.
  20. 20. SURFACE
  21. 21. SURFACE
  22. 22. SURFACE
  23. 23. PROFILE
  24. 24. R INGSOfSATURN
  25. 25. R INGSOfSATURN
  26. 26. R INGSOfSATURN
  27. 27. O R B I TAnd R O T A T I O N
  28. 28. O R B I TAnd R O T A T I O N
  32. 32. M A S Sand D E N S I T Y
  33. 33. M A S Sand D E N S I T Y