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RSV

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RSV education and awarenss for healthcare providers, community workers, and parents.

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RSV

  1. 1.  Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is a major cause of respiratory illness in infants less than 1 year old › RSV is the most common cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in children under the age of 1 year › Each year, RSV hospitalizes up to 125,000 children under the age of 1 year › RSV affects almost all children by their second birthday › RSV is a seasonal illness usually lasting from fall to early spring (November-April)
  2. 2.  Most infants have symptoms similar to other respiratory infections: › Coughing › Sneezing › Runny nose › Fever › Decreased appetite › Wheezing  Very young infants may only experience these symptoms: › Irritability › Decreased activity › Breathing difficulties  Fast breathing  Nostril flaring  Caving in of chest › Bluish color around mouth or fingernails
  3. 3.  Illness usually begins 4 to 6 days after exposure  May begin with runny nose and decreased appetite  Coughing, sneezing, and fever usually develop 1 to 3 days later  Full recovery from illness is usually 1 to 2 weeks
  4. 4.  All Infants under the age of 1 year are at risk  Those with increased risk: › Children less than 2 years with chronic lung disease  Weaker lungs cannot fight infection › Children less than 2 years with congenital heart disease  Weaker hearts cannot fight infection › Children with compromised immune systems  Weaker immune systems cannot fight infection
  5. 5.  Those with increased risk: › Infants who were born at or before 35 weeks gestation  Preterm lungs take longer to develop  Preterm infants have weak immune systems › Infants 12 weeks or younger at the beginning of RSV season (typically November) › Infants who have preschool or school-aged siblings › Infants who attend daycare
  6. 6.  Those with increased risk: › Infants who live with 4 or more family members › Infants who are exposed to tobacco smoke › Infants who are twins, triplets, or other multiples › Infants born less than 5 ½ pounds › Infants with a family history of wheezing or asthma
  7. 7.  The best way to prevent the spread of RSV is to WASH YOUR HANDS!  Keep infants away from those who are sick or who have cold-like symptoms  Do not let your infant share bottles, cups, pacifiers, and eating utensils with others (including parents)
  8. 8.  Do not let others kiss your baby  Wash your children’s clothes, towels, blankets, bedding, and toys often  Limit visiting areas with large crowds during the cold, winter months  Never let anyone smoke around your baby
  9. 9.  For those with increased risk due to chronic illness or being born premature: › In addition to the other suggestions, you should keep your infant away from other infants and children if possible  Limit time siblings spend around the infant  Avoid taking your infant to settings such as daycare and church  Avoid taking your infant to places with large crowds, such as Wal-Mart or sporting events
  10. 10.  For those with increased risk due to chronic illness or being born premature: › Ask your doctor about a medication called SYNAGIS  Does not prevent RSV infection, but helps protect your infant from severe RSV infections that may lead to hospitalization or death  Contains virus-fighting antibodies  Given by injection every 28 days throughout RSV season  Important to stay on schedule in order to provide your infant with best protection
  11. 11.  If you think your baby has RSV, call your doctor as soon as possible or seek emergency medical attention  Remember the best way to prevent the spread of RSV is to WASH YOUR HANDS!
  12. 12.  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). Respiratory syncytial virus. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/rsv/index.html  World Health Organization. (2009). Clean care is safer care. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/gpsc/en/  Synagis Palivizumab. (2013). Retrieved from https://www.synagis.com/

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