Life of william shakespeare


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Life of william shakespeare

  2. 2. SHAKESPEARE’S LIFE <ul><li>He … </li></ul><ul><li>Was a English poet and Playwright </li></ul><ul><li>Was widely regarded as the greatest English writer </li></ul><ul><li>Was also regarded as the world's pre-eminent dramatist </li></ul><ul><li>Was buried in the Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon. He put a curse on anyone daring to move his body from that final resting place.  </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote 37 plays and 154 sonnets. </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to be an actor, but became a writer after the theatre closed </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote a play “Henry IV” which had one character named Harry Hotspur. London football club Tottenham was formed in 1882, named after Harry Hotspur. </li></ul>
  3. 3. SHAKESPEARE’S LIFE <ul><li>He… </li></ul><ul><li>Had several sisters and at least one brother. His mother, Mary Arden, was from the gentry class and his father was a merchant who married above his station and rose into what might be considered the respectable upper-middle class. </li></ul><ul><li>Grew up in the Tudor market town of Stratford-on-Avon, a lovely village surrounded by extensive, unspoiled woods. </li></ul><ul><li>Dropped out of school at the age of sixteen to learn to become an apprentice at his father’s shop </li></ul><ul><li>Married Anna Hathaway, a twenty-six year old maid at the age of eighteen and had two children </li></ul><ul><li>Enrolled at the King's New School in Stratford at the age of four </li></ul><ul><li>Studied latin and greek for six days a week </li></ul>
  4. 4. SHAKESPEARE’S LIFE <ul><li>He… </li></ul><ul><li>Went on to London to become a playwright </li></ul><ul><li>Was of the wealthy merchant class or petty gentry </li></ul><ul><li>Was inspired by nature, as well as the great novelists of his day like Ovid and Seneca </li></ul>
  5. 5. SHAKESPEARE’S LIFE <ul><li>His plays were… </li></ul><ul><li>Of unbeatable balance of prose and verse </li></ul><ul><li>Profound study of human nature and their relevance </li></ul><ul><li>Thus being well received even till now </li></ul>
  6. 6. ENGLAND IN SHAKESPEARE’S TIME <ul><li>Very different from modern England </li></ul><ul><li>An age of great poetry and drama </li></ul><ul><li>People lived in small towns and villages, where the great majority were farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Most people stayed a villagers throughout their entire lives </li></ul><ul><li>Transport mainly by horses </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Elizabeth I ruled England from 1558 to 1603. </li></ul><ul><li>The monarchy were the most powerful and influential people and could sentence deaths without evidence. </li></ul>
  7. 7. ENGLISH IN SHAKESPEARE’S TIME <ul><li>During Shakespeare's life, England had three big epidemics of the plague. This was when lots of people got very sick and died. The plague was like a flu which was very easy to catch. </li></ul><ul><li>First plague went around from 1592-1594. The second plague happened when Shakespeare was old, going from 1603 to 1604. The final plague was 7 years after Shakespeare died. </li></ul><ul><li>The plague in England was really bad because England had narrow, dirty streets and no clean water. There were also lots of rubbish and rats on the road. The rats made the terrible disease. Large birds were not allowed to be killed as they were needed to eat the rubbish. </li></ul>
  8. 8. ENGLISH IN SHAKESPEARE’S TIME <ul><li>Theatres had no roof for the stage and no electricity to light up the stage, so they depended on sunlight </li></ul><ul><li>Audience stood at the yard in front of the stage </li></ul><ul><li>No scenes </li></ul><ul><li>Trapdoor </li></ul><ul><li>Setup of theatres allowed actors to move about freely </li></ul><ul><li>Polygonal shape of theatres provided an all-rounded effect </li></ul>
  9. 9. ENGLISH IN SHAKESPEARE’S TIME <ul><li>There was a great difference between the life of the ordinary people and the rich </li></ul><ul><li>Rich people employ hundreds of permanent servants and ‘patrons’ to actors or musicians. </li></ul><ul><li>Ordinary people led normal lives </li></ul>
  10. 10. THE RENAISSANCE <ul><li>Means “Rebirth of Learning” </li></ul><ul><li>Began in Italy in the fourteen century and spread throughout Europe </li></ul><ul><li>New interest in the ancient Greek and Roman classics and new forms of art </li></ul>
  11. 11. THE RENAISSANCE <ul><li>Black Death </li></ul><ul><li>Ravaged medieval Europe from late 1347 through early 1351 wiped out nearly one-fourth of the continent's inhabitants. </li></ul><ul><li>Period of change, questioning and vitality </li></ul><ul><li>People no longer believed everything they were told and tried to find things out by themselves </li></ul>
  12. 12. THE RENAISSANCE <ul><li>Effect on Shakespeare work </li></ul><ul><li>Updated the simplistic, two-dimensional writing style of pre-renaissance drama. </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on creating “human” characters with psychologically complexity. </li></ul><ul><li>Upheaval in the accepted social hierarchy allowed Shakespeare to explore the humanity of every character regardless of their social position. </li></ul><ul><li>Even monarchs are given human emotions and are capable of making mistakes. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilized his knowledge of Greek and Roman classics when writing his plays. </li></ul><ul><li>Before the renaissance, these texts had been suppressed by the Catholic Church. </li></ul>