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Case Study Research

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Case Study Research

  1. 1. Case Studies
  2. 2. Research Design: cyclical Writing the Case Selecting a project Making a record Asking questions Collecting data Analysing the data
  3. 3. Case study: Definitions <ul><li>From Robert Yin (1994) Case Study Research London Sage p 13 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A case study is an empirical inquiry that </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Investigates a contemporary phenomenon within its real life context, especially when </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The boundaries between phenomenon and context are not clearly evident </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The case study inquiry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copes with the technically distinct situation in which there will be many more variables of interest than data points, and as one result </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relies on multiple sources of evidence, with data needing to converge in a triangulating fashion, and as another result </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits from the prior development of theoretical propositions to guided data collection and analysis </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Design <ul><li>Yin outlines 5 components of a research design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A study’s questions (How?/Why?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Its propositions/purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Its unit(s) of analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The logical linking the data to the propositions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The criteria for interpreting the findings </li></ul></ul>Data Analysis
  5. 5. Data Collection <ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ability to ask good questions – and to interpret the answers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ability to listen effectively – not to be trapped by personal preconceptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ability to be adaptive and flexible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A firm grasp of the issues being studied </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be unbiased by preconceived notions </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Data Collection <ul><li>Gathering material: Six sources of evidence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Archival records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct observations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participant observations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical artefacts </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Writing Up the case <ul><li>Organise – sections, topics, sub-topics – this will constitute the report’s structure </li></ul><ul><li>Review Van Maanen concept of ‘tales’ for reporting fieldwork results </li></ul><ul><li>Six example structures: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linear-analytic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theory-building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ suspense’ structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsequenced structures </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Research Design: cyclical Writing the Case Selecting a project Making a record Asking questions Collecting data Analysing the data

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