The Under-Appreciated Honey Bees andthe Ecosystem Service they ProvideSamantha Dinwiddie
ObjectivesEducate AppreciationRoles, and the making of a queenNavigation & communicationHoney bees as pollinatorsThe current, unstable security of this speciesand what to do about it
Worker beesTake care of larvae,building/maintaining hive, foraging,making honey, make a queenDrone beesLeave nest tomate, then dieQueen Bee• Lay eggs
Bee GPS• Solar Compass – compound eye can seepolarized light• Internal Clock – length of flight and sunmovement
Communicating through DancingRoundDanceWaggleDanceDirection,Speed
The Making of aIf the hive becomesovercrowded, the workers,who are all female, will raise anew queen by feeding herroyal jelly
PollinationA vital interaction that allowsthe transfer of geneticmaterial critical to thereproductive system of mostflowering plantsIn addition to the food that we eat, pollinatorssupport healthy ecosystems that clean the air,stabilize soils, protect from sever weather, andsupport other wildlife
Honey Bees as Pollinatorshttp://audreelapierre.com/portfolio/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/honeybees-infographic.png
What’s Happening?Theoriesplace most blame onhabitat loss and pesticideuseAlso looks to global warming and thecompromised pollen and nectar of GMO’s
“Honey Bees contribute to globalfood security, and theirextinction would represent aterrible biological [and economic]disaster”-Bernard Vallet, Director-General of theWorld Organization for Animal Health
Bee Garden• Choose flowers that bloom successivelyover the spring, summer, and fall seasons• Red, blue, yellow• Large patches of like flowers planted inclose proximity to one another.• No pesticides• Researchers have found that more bees willbe drawn to gardens with ten or morespecies of attractive plants.
Choose flowers so that gardenwill bloom successively
Large patches of likeflowers planted in closeproximity to one another.Ten or more species ofattractive plants.
Buy Local Honey• Supports beekeepers• Local honey complies with all foodstandards requirements but is notmistreated to give it a long shelf life.• Strengthens body’s immune response tolocal pollen• China: biggest exporter, notorious fortainted honey, and honey smuggling