Australians in the battle of somme and the battle of ypres
Australians in The Battle ofSomme and The Battle of Ypres
The Battle of The SommeThe battle of Somme began in July of1916 and ended in November of the sameyear.
Strategic Aim of The SommeThe allies aimed to achieve a better position in the war,by taking control of northern France, contesting theGerman occupation around the Somme River. This wouldassist them overall, in fighting on the Western Front.
In order to do this, allied troops had to overcome hugeobstacles. This included:• Cutting through intricate German wiring that was intended to hold them back• Going over the top of the trenches- being vulnerable to the enemy• Dodging the machine gun when they were finally in range of the German trenches.
Gains and Losses of The SommeIn the end, the allies didn’t really achieve theirobjective. Despite the enormous loss of life, onlyaround 15 kilometres of land have been won back bythe end of fighting. It was the battle with thegreatest recorded number of military casualties with atotal of 1,043,896: Allied 623,907; 419,989 Germans.
British/ French gained 7 miles duringthis battle along the Somme front. Theallied forces managed to gain 12kilometres up the Somme.
Trench Conditions of The SommeMany soldiers had different kinds of sickness liketrench foot. A lot of soldiers had trench foot in thisbattle that was mainly a major concern to some soldiersin the battle. With a lot of sickness spreading duringthe battle many men were put out of action. Trenchfoot is a medical condition caused by prolongedexposure of the feet to damp, unsanitary, and coldconditions.
With trench foot the soldiers foot would havestarted to become numb and they would nothave been able to move their feet so thereforethey could not fight. it was cold and wet andmuddy soldiers would have to stay in thetrenches for ever they would have to wait foran order with sometime could have taken daysto get through to the troops.
The Battle of YpresThere were three battle’sof Ypres, dates of thethree battles of Ypres:• First Battle-1914• Second Battle-25th May 1915• Third Battle- 31st July 1917-10th November 1917
First Battle of YpresThe first battle was fought in autumn in the townof Ypres in Western Belgium. The German andWestern Allies attempted to ensure the town fromenemy attack. The strategy of the German andWestern Allies is not entirely clear.
The established reasoning for the Ypresbattle was the British’s desire tosecure the English Channel ports andthe British Army’s supply lines. TheFrench strategy revolved around adesire to prevent German forcesbypassing the Allied front from thenorth.
Second Battle of YpresThe second battle of Ypres was fought in the springof 1915. It marked the first time that Germanyused poison gas on a large scale on the WesternFront.Germans lost close to 35,000 soldiers, British lost59,000 soldiers, Canadian lost 6,000 soldiers.
Third Battle of YpresMethodically planned, the third battle of Ypres wascommenced on 31 July 1917 to 6 November 1917. Theattacking resulted in gains for the Allies but was by nomeans the outcome intended, and such gains as weremade came at great cost in human terms.Australians lost 38,000 soldiers, and British andGermany lost around 310,000 soldiers
Trench Conditions of Ypres• The land surrounding the northern area of the Ypres was flat and covered with canals and rivers.• Over on the southern side of the Ypres there was a 500 feet high hilly terrain
• Throughout all three of the wars it was snowing• During the battles the Germans were using toxic gasses, the gasses at the least caused burns. Sometimes caused temporary blindness and could even cause lungs to dissolve
• Soldiers not only died from the bullets, gases and explosions but died from diseases and infections• A well-known infection that got hold of a lot of soldiers was called trench foot• Trench foot is formed when some ones foot stays wet and cramped up for a long period of time
• Trench foot is another form of frostbite• Trench foot in severe cases caused some of the soldiers feet to drop off, and according to a lot of the soldiers your feet are your best weapons in the war