Vertebrates By: Christina Martin, Madeline Ryan, and Megan
Eptatretus stoutii (Pacific Hagfish) Pacific hagfish are from the class Agnatha meaning that they are fish with no jaws. They also have 5 hearts, no eyes, and no stomach. Theyhave a very good sense of smell and touch to find their food. They live in burrows on the sea floor. They are also known for the slime that they produce.
Carcharodon carcharias (Great White Shark)Great Whites grow to 15ft in length on average and can swim up to 15 mph. They can breach like whales when attacking their prey from underneath. They have about 300 razor sharp triangular teeth and an impeccable sense of smell. They are found in cooler coastal waters and prey on things like seals and sea lions.They are from the class Chondrichthyes meaning they are cartilaginous fishes.
Gramma loreto (Royal Gramma) They like to live in tropical waters where there are reefs.Specifically, in the warm Atlantic waters between North andSouth America. They feed on the ectoparasites of other fish. They are often found in caves at the reeves. They are from the class Osteichthyes which means they are bony fish.
Dendrobates azureus (Blue Poison Dart Frog)They only live in the Sipaliwini Savannah region of Suriname in smallforests. They prefer a dark moist living environment within the forest.Its bright coloring is to warn its predators of its poisonous properties. Their skin has glands that secrete poison the is paralyzing or fatal to predators. They are from the class Amphibia meaning they are cold- blooded tetrapods that go through metamorphosis.
Alligator mississippiensis (American Alligator)It is the largest reptile in North America and its tail takes up half its length (max growth is 18ft). They mainly eat fish and turtles. They live in freshwaterenvironments like the wetlands of Florida. They are part of the class Reptilia meaning they are cold- blooded, lay eggs, and have scales.
Phoenicopterus ruber (American Flamingo) It lives in the West Indies of the Caribbean. It likes shallow saltwater lagoons. They feed on algae, molusks, small crustaceans, and etc. They canfly, have webbed feet, long legs, and long necks. Theyget their color from the food that they eat. They are in the class Aves meaning they are feathered, winged, warm-blooded, bipedal, and egg-
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenose Dolphin)They are found in tropical and temperate waters around the world.They are typically grey and have pectoral flippers, tale flukes, and a dorsal fin. They breathe out of a blowhole. They use echolocation for finding food. They eat a wide variety of fish, squid, and crustaceans. They are a part of the class Mammalia meaning theyare warm-blooded, have hair, have mammary glands, and 3 middle ear bones.
Petromyzon marinus (Sea Lamprey)They are found in the waters on the east coast of the United States and Canada, especially in the GreatLakes. They have large red eyes and circular mouthswith circular rows of teeth. They latch onto their prey and suck out their blood. They are also a part of the class Agnatha.
Dasyatis americana (Southern Stingray) It lives in the tropical and subtropical waters of the Atlantic Ocean, mainly near the Americas. Its body isdiamond shaped. They hover over the sand bottoms in the ocean to find their food and they eat mostly crustaceans and mollusks. It is also a part of the class Chondrichthyes.
Hippocampus zosterae (Dwarf Seahorse) They live in the western Atlantic Ocean by Bermuda and the United States. The male carries the eggs in a broodpouch that is under the tail. The max length that they growto is 2 inches. They are also a part of the class Osteichthyes.
Lissotriton italicus (Italian Newt) It lives in central and southern Italy. They mate in water and attach the eggs to water plants. The eggs hatch after only 2-4 days and metamorphosis iscompleted after 4-6 weeks. They eat planktonic preyand other invertebrates. They grow up to a length of 88 mm. They are also a part of the class Amphibia.
Varanus komodoensis (Komodo Dragon) They are the world’s heaviest lizards. They can grow up to 10 ft andweigh 200 lbs. They have a keen sense of smell, are fast and agile, and can climb trees. They have super sharp teeth like a shark and theirmouths contain venom and bacteria that kill their prey. They live in the Lesser Sunda Islands. They like these islands because they arevery humid and warm all year round. They’ll eat any prey they can fit in their mouth, even large animals like water buffalo. They are also cannibals. They are also a part of the class Reptilia.
Spheniscus magellanicus (Magellanic Penguin) They are abundant in southern South America. They undergo an annual molt thattakes 19 days to complete, so they must eat a lot before then so they don’t starve during that period when they can’t replenish fat. They eat anchovy, cod, squid, krill, and etc.They are also a part of the class Aves, but they can’t fly.
Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata (Reticulated Giraffe) It is found primarily in Kenya. They live on thesavannas and open woodlands. They prefer to eat the leaves on Acacia trees. They grow up to 17 ft and weigh up to 4,000 lbs. Each giraffe has its own unique spot pattern. It is also a part of the class Mammalia.
Ursus maritimus (Polar Bear) They typically live on coasts near the Arctic Circle. They have very good eyesight and a keen sense of smell. They have atransparent eyelid that helps to block out the brightness of the sun and snow and it works as goggles underwater. Their diet consists of birds, fox, walrus, seals, and etc. Their fur istransparent, so it can transport the sun’s heat to its skin. They are also a part of the class Mammalia.