Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Survey of anatomy & physiology chap 5

1,004 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

Survey of anatomy & physiology chap 5

  1. 1.  TISSUES FROM CELLSTISSUES FROM CELLS Cells are basic building blocks of the body Similar cells are organized into tissues that perform similar functions Cells are basic building blocks of the body Similar cells are organized into tissues that perform similar functionsCELLS TISSUES
  2. 2.  ORGANS FROM TISSUESORGANS FROM TISSUES A combination of tissues designed to perform a specific function or several functions is called an organ A combination of tissues designed to perform a specific function or several functions is called an organ
  3. 3.  ORGANS INTO SYSTEMSORGANS INTO SYSTEMS Organs that work together to perform specific activities, often with help of accessory structures, form systems Organs that work together to perform specific activities, often with help of accessory structures, form systems
  4. 4.  TISSUES-FOUR TYPESTISSUES-FOUR TYPES 1 2 3 4
  5. 5.  1-Epithelial Tissue1-Epithelial Tissue Covers and lines much of body and also covers many of the parts found in body Covers and lines much of body and also covers many of the parts found in body
  6. 6.  1-Epithelial Tissue1-Epithelial Tissue Cells are packed tightly together, forming a sheet that usually has no blood vessels in it Cells are packed tightly together, forming a sheet that usually has no blood vessels in it
  7. 7.  1-EPITHELIAL CELL1-EPITHELIAL CELL SHAPESSHAPES a b c d
  8. 8.  1-Epithelial Cell Shapes1-Epithelial Cell Shapes
  9. 9.  1-Epithelial Cell Shapes1-Epithelial Cell Shapes
  10. 10.  1-Epithelial Cell1-Epithelial Cell ArrangementArrangement a b c
  11. 11.  Figure 5-1 Types and locations of epithelial tissues.
  12. 12.  The PA/Instructor Asks: A. Stratified B. Simple C. Pseudo-stratified D. Columnar
  13. 13.  Membranes- “Special”Membranes- “Special” Epithelial CellsEpithelial Cells Sheet like structures found throughout body that perform special functions and can be classified as organs Sheet like structures found throughout body that perform special functions and can be classified as organs
  14. 14.  Membranes- “Special”Membranes- “Special” Epithelial CellsEpithelial Cells Epithelial membranes possess a top layer of epithelial tissue and bottom layer of specialized connective tissue Epithelial membranes possess a top layer of epithelial tissue and bottom layer of specialized connective tissue
  15. 15.  Membranes- “Special”Membranes- “Special” Epithelial CellsEpithelial Cells a b c
  16. 16.  Figure 5-2 Location of serous and mucous membranes.
  17. 17.  2-Connective Tissue2-Connective Tissue
  18. 18.  Figure 5-3 Types and locations of connective tissues. Most common of tissues; found scattered throughout body Holds things together; provides structure and support Most common of tissues; found scattered throughout body Holds things together; provides structure and support
  19. 19.  2-Connective Tissue2-Connective Tissue Fine, delicate webs of loosely connected tissue or strong cordlike structures similar to wire cables Fine, delicate webs of loosely connected tissue or strong cordlike structures similar to wire cables
  20. 20.  2-Connective Tissue2-Connective Tissue Necessary for proper functioning of the body Necessary for proper functioning of the body
  21. 21.  2-Connective Tissue2-Connective Tissue Composed of DENSE connective tissue Composed of DENSE connective tissue
  22. 22.  2-Connective Tissue2-Connective Tissue Composed of DENSE connective tissue to form a protective barrier Composed of DENSE connective tissue to form a protective barrier
  23. 23.  Figure 5-4 The synovial joint This fluid greatly reduces friction when joints move This fluid greatly reduces friction when joints move
  24. 24.  Synovial Membrane & Fluid Important membrane found in spaces between bone joints; produces slippery substance called synovial fluid Important membrane found in spaces between bone joints; produces slippery substance called synovial fluid
  25. 25.  3-Muscle Tissue3-Muscle Tissue Three types of tissue that provide means for movementThree types of tissue that provide means for movement
  26. 26.  3-Muscle Tissue3-Muscle Tissue This form of tissue has ability to shorten itself (contractility)This form of tissue has ability to shorten itself (contractility)
  27. 27.  3a-Skeletal Muscle3a-Skeletal Muscle Striped appearance or STRIATED and attached to bones Striped appearance or STRIATED and attached to bones
  28. 28.  3a-Skeletal Muscle3a-Skeletal Muscle Surrounds openings in body, such as mouth, where it controls size of opening Long, fiber-like cells with many nuclei in each cell Surrounds openings in body, such as mouth, where it controls size of opening Long, fiber-like cells with many nuclei in each cell
  29. 29.  3a-Skeletal Muscle3a-Skeletal Muscle Brain controls muscle contraction; because these muscles are controlled consciously, they are called voluntary muscles Brain controls muscle contraction; because these muscles are controlled consciously, they are called voluntary muscles
  30. 30.  3b-Cardiac Muscle3b-Cardiac Muscle Found in the walls of the heart with interlocking cells that makes for more efficient contraction Found in the walls of the heart with interlocking cells that makes for more efficient contraction
  31. 31.  3b-Cardiac Muscle3b-Cardiac Muscle Heart beats without our conscious control; muscle type considered involuntary muscle Heart beats without our conscious control; muscle type considered involuntary muscle
  32. 32.  3c-Smooth Muscles3c-Smooth Muscles Forms walls of hollow organs, such as in digestive system (often called visceral tissue) and blood vessels Forms walls of hollow organs, such as in digestive system (often called visceral tissue) and blood vessels
  33. 33.  3c-Smooth Muscles3c-Smooth Muscles Smooth muscles are involuntary muscles not controlled by conscious thoughts Smooth muscles are involuntary muscles not controlled by conscious thoughts
  34. 34.  Figure 5-5 Labeled diagram and flowchart of the three muscle tissue types
  35. 35.  4-Nervous Tissue4-Nervous Tissue Acts as rapid messenger service for body; messages can cause actions to occur Acts as rapid messenger service for body; messages can cause actions to occur
  36. 36.  4-Nervous Tissue4-Nervous Tissue Second type of nervous tissue cell that function as support and connection cells Second type of nervous tissue cell that function as support and connection cells
  37. 37.  Figure 5-6 The two main types of nerve cells.
  38. 38.  4-Nervous Tissue4-Nervous Tissue
  39. 39.  Test Your Knowledge
  40. 40.  ORGANS FROM TISSUESORGANS FROM TISSUES A combination of tissues designed to perform a specific function or several functions is called an organ A combination of tissues designed to perform a specific function or several functions is called an organ
  41. 41.  OrgansOrgans Result of two or more types of tissues organizing in such a way as to accomplish a task that the tissues cannot do on their own Result of two or more types of tissues organizing in such a way as to accomplish a task that the tissues cannot do on their own
  42. 42.  OrgansOrgans Some occur singly and some in pairs Some occur singly and some in pairs
  43. 43.  The PA/Instructor Asks: A. Spleen B. Liver C. Heart D. Lungs
  44. 44.  ORGANS INTO SYSTEMSORGANS INTO SYSTEMS Organs that work together to perform specific activities, often with help of accessory structures, form systems Organs that work together to perform specific activities, often with help of accessory structures, form systems
  45. 45.  SystemsSystems Each is interrelated, often depending on one another for proper functioning Each is interrelated, often depending on one another for proper functioning
  46. 46.  Systems of Human BodySystems of Human Body RespiratoryRespiratory Cardio- Vascular Cardio- Vascular Muscular Lymph & Immune IntegumentaryIntegumentary Nervous UrinaryUrinary Gastro Intestinal Gastro Intestinal ReproductiveReproductive Skeletal
  47. 47.  Five SensesFive Senses Smell TasteHearingHearing TouchTouch Sight
  48. 48.  TAKE A BREAK
  49. 49.   Functions:  Provides support and structure for body  Protects organs  Provides movement  Stores variety of minerals  Produces blood cells Skeletal SystemSkeletal System
  50. 50.  Skeletal SystemSkeletal System CartilageCartilage BonesBones JointsJoints LigamentsLigaments
  51. 51.  Figure 5-7 The skeletal system 206 Bones Total 80 Axial-bones of the torso and skull + 126 Appendicular- bones in the limbs and support bones 206 Bones Total 80 Axial-bones of the torso and skull + 126 Appendicular- bones in the limbs and support bones
  52. 52.  Specialties-Skeleton Orthopedics-study of skeleton joints, muscles, ligaments and muscles Rheumatology-study of inflammation, pain and stiffness in muscles and joints
  53. 53.  Muscular SystemMuscular System 3 kinds of Muscles 3 kinds of Muscles
  54. 54.  Muscular System-Muscular System- SkeletalSkeletal
  55. 55.  Muscular System-Muscular System- CardiacCardiac
  56. 56.  Muscular System-Muscular System- SmoothSmooth
  57. 57.  Specialties-Muscular Orthopedics-study of skeleton joints, muscles, ligaments and muscles Rheumatology-study of inflammation, pain and stiffness in muscles and joints
  58. 58.  Figure 5-8 The muscular system
  59. 59.  IntegumentaryIntegumentary SystemSystem
  60. 60.  IntegumentaryIntegumentary SystemSystem Protects from pathogens and dehydration Protects from pathogens and dehydration
  61. 61.  IntegumentaryIntegumentary SystemSystem Regulates body temp- sweat, shiver, blood vessel diameter change Regulates body temp- sweat, shiver, blood vessel diameter change
  62. 62.  IntegumentaryIntegumentary SystemSystem Senses the outside world-heat, cold, pain and pressure Senses the outside world-heat, cold, pain and pressure
  63. 63.  IntegumentaryIntegumentary SystemSystem Glands lubricate and waterproof the skin & inhibit growth of unwanted bacteria Glands lubricate and waterproof the skin & inhibit growth of unwanted bacteria
  64. 64.  Figure 5-9 The integumentary system
  65. 65.  Specialties-Skin Dermatology-study of the skin
  66. 66.   Sends and receives messages, stimulated by body's internal and external environments, affecting how we perceive world and protecting us from harm  Sensations caused by stimulation of our sensory receptors Nervous SystemNervous System
  67. 67.  Nervous SystemNervous System
  68. 68.  Nervous SystemNervous System
  69. 69.  Nervous System-Nervous System- Sensory OrgansSensory Organs
  70. 70.  Nervous System-Nervous System- 3 functions3 functions
  71. 71.  Figure 5-10 The nervous system
  72. 72.  Nervous System-Nervous System- SpecialtiesSpecialties
  73. 73.  Endocrine SystemEndocrine System Acts as control center for virtually all of the body’s organs Acts as control center for virtually all of the body’s organs
  74. 74.  Endocrine SystemEndocrine System Endocrine glands release chemicals (hormones) that are circulated via the cardiovascular system, regulating the body’s metabolic processes and utilizing carbohydrates, fats, and proteins for growth and production Endocrine glands release chemicals (hormones) that are circulated via the cardiovascular system, regulating the body’s metabolic processes and utilizing carbohydrates, fats, and proteins for growth and production
  75. 75.  Endocrine SystemEndocrine System Helps regulate fluid and electrolyte balance Helps cope with stresses produced by infection and trauma Helps regulate fluid and electrolyte balance Helps cope with stresses produced by infection and trauma
  76. 76.  Endocrine System-Endocrine System- main componentsmain components
  77. 77.  Figure 5-11 The endocrine system
  78. 78.  CardiovascularCardiovascular SystemSystem Also called the circulatory system-main transport system to each cell of our body Also called the circulatory system-main transport system to each cell of our body
  79. 79.  CardiovascularCardiovascular SystemSystem Water, oxygen, and a variety of nutrients and other substances necessary for life are transported to cells, while waste products removed from cells Water, oxygen, and a variety of nutrients and other substances necessary for life are transported to cells, while waste products removed from cells
  80. 80.  CardiovascularCardiovascular SystemSystem
  81. 81.  Figure 5-12 The cardiovascular system.
  82. 82.  Respiratory SystemRespiratory System Supplies cells with fresh oxygen and removes carbon dioxide without conscious effort Supplies cells with fresh oxygen and removes carbon dioxide without conscious effort
  83. 83.  Respiratory SystemRespiratory System Filters, warms and moistens air we breathe and inhale Filters, warms and moistens air we breathe and inhale
  84. 84.  Respiratory SystemRespiratory System Mucous lining of the airway helps trap foreign particles and germs Mucous lining of the airway helps trap foreign particles and germs
  85. 85.  Respiratory SystemRespiratory System System helps maintain proper acid base balance of blood System helps maintain proper acid base balance of blood
  86. 86.  Figure 5-13 The respiratory system
  87. 87.  Lymphatic SystemLymphatic System Responsible for helping the body to maintain proper fluid balance and protect it from infection Responsible for helping the body to maintain proper fluid balance and protect it from infection
  88. 88.  Lymphatic SystemLymphatic System Special structures, called lymph nodes, act as filters to capture unwanted infectious agents Special structures, called lymph nodes, act as filters to capture unwanted infectious agents
  89. 89.  Lymphatic SystemLymphatic System Produces specialized infection-fighting white blood cells called lymphocytes
  90. 90.  Figure 5-14 The lymphatic system Major parts of system: lymph vessels, lymph ducts, lymph nodes, thymus gland, tonsils, and spleen
  91. 91.  GastrointestinalGastrointestinal (Digestive)System(Digestive)System Often called GI system; breaks down raw materials (food), both mechanically and chemically, into usable substances Often called GI system; breaks down raw materials (food), both mechanically and chemically, into usable substances
  92. 92.  GastrointestinalGastrointestinal (Digestive)System(Digestive)System Absorbs substances for transportationAbsorbs substances for transportation
  93. 93.  GastrointestinalGastrointestinal SystemSystem Transports waste (produced by unused materials) out of the body
  94. 94.  GastrointestinalGastrointestinal System-Main PartsSystem-Main Parts
  95. 95.  Figure 5-15 The digestive system. Includes the liver, gallbladder, pancreas and salivary glands
  96. 96.  Figure 5-16 This is an example of an individual with a body image problem in which her self-perception is of being overweight. Distorted Body ImageDistorted Body Image
  97. 97.   Plays important role in elimination of waste products, electrolytes, drugs, and other toxins, as well as excessive water Urinary SystemUrinary System
  98. 98.  Urinary SystemUrinary System Water regulation, blood pressure regulation, regulation of red blood cells, electrolyte balance, and acid-base balance Water regulation, blood pressure regulation, regulation of red blood cells, electrolyte balance, and acid-base balance
  99. 99.  Urinary SystemUrinary System
  100. 100.  Figure 5-17 The male and female urinary systems
  101. 101.   Often combined with urinary system to make genitourinary system, or GU system  Purpose is to make new humans Reproductive SystemReproductive System
  102. 102.  Figure 5-18 The male and female reproductive systems. Main female parts of system: ovaries, eggs, fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina Main male parts of system: testes, sperm, and penis Main female parts of system: ovaries, eggs, fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina Main male parts of system: testes, sperm, and penis
  103. 103.  Test Your Knowledge
  104. 104.  Case Study
  105. 105.  Anatomy Quiz

×