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Women in science: A presentation for our advanced students

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Information, thoughts and facts about this day, leading to the discussion of an essay in the ECPE format

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Women in science: A presentation for our advanced students

  1. 1. 11 February 2019 markaki-students.blogspot.gr Women and Girls in Science Celebrating the international day with the B2 and C2-level groups in Markaki School
  2. 2. Taken from http://www.un.org/en/events/women- and-girls-in-science-day/ ✤ Science and gender equality are both vital for the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Over the past 15 years, the global community has made a lot of effort in inspiring and engaging women and girls in science. Yet women and girls continue to be excluded from participating fully in science. ✤ At present, less than 30 per cent of researchers worldwide are women. According to UNESCO data (2014 - 2016), only around 30 per cent of all female students select STEM-related fields in higher education. Globally, female students’ enrolment is particularly low in ICT (3 per cent), natural science, mathematics and statistics (5 per cent) and in engineering, manufacturing and construction (8 per cent).
  3. 3. ✤ Long-standing biases and gender stereotypes are steering girls and women away from science related fields. As in the real world, the world on screen reflects similar biases—the 2015 Gender Bias Without Borders study by the Geena Davis Institute showed that of the onscreen characters with an identifiable STEM job, only 12 per cent were women. ✤ In order to achieve full and equal access to and participation in science for women and girls, and further achieve gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls, the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/70/212 declaring 11 February as the International Day of Women and Girls in Science. ✤ More about the Day on UN Women's website.
  4. 4. Some exemplary female scientists Turn the pages of this highly recommended iBook on your iPads. The images that will follow have been taken from this iBook. Find out about: Jane Goodall Marie Curie Patricia Bath Hypatia
  5. 5. What are the possible female roles in today’s society?
  6. 6. What are the implications of each role? ✤ Scientist/ freelancer/ employee: work life ✤ Mother/ Single mother: time with her children ✤ Wife/ Partner: time with her companion ✤ Homemaker/ housewife: needs of the household ✤ A balanced individual with some free time: friends, hobbies, social life, outings
  7. 7. What are the qualities any scientist should possess?
  8. 8. ✤ Hard work: study, publications, conventions, research ✤ Persistence and perseverance: undaunted at the face of adversity, overcoming obstacles ✤ Flexibility and adaptability: choosing ‘the next best thing’ if it cannot be helped ✤ Setting high goals and working towards them ✤ Surrounding herself with the right mentors and colleagues, which will pave the way to success ✤ Unconditional love for her selected scientific field
  9. 9. Why might women be excluded from science?
  10. 10. ✤ Gender bias: more male researchers, especially in higher hierarchy ✤ Intimidation by the plurality of roles women have to successfully fulfil ✤ Social/ religious/ family limitations: science is regarded as both unfeminine and nonconformist ✤ Finding adequate sponsorship ✤ Constant research and an incessant need to publish (the “publish or perish” rule) — read more here: https://www.the-scientist.com/opinion-old/why-women- are-discouraged-from-becoming-scientists-61465
  11. 11. How can this exclusion be reversed?
  12. 12. ✤ Raise public awareness through social events/ social media campaigns/ talks at all kinds of schools ✤ Societies embracing open-mindedness and meritocracy ✤ Special scholarships to those who deserve them ✤ Helpful, supportive, understanding life partners ✤ Family upbringing allowing girls to become passionate about and make sacrifices for science
  13. 13. Suggested essay topic: ✤ It is a fact nowadays that the majority of researchers, university professors and leaders of pioneering institutes are men. Women are only a minority when it comes to science. In your own words, analyze the issue and give examples from your experience. What are some steps which could be taken to encourage women to venture into science more? Write at least 250 words.
  14. 14. There are no women in science, only people. Discuss this statement. (Photo from http://www.un.org/en/events/women-and- girls-in-science-day/)
  15. 15. Read empowering women’s stories here: https://en.unesco.org/commemorations/womenandgirlinscienceday

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