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• Energy storage projects with SMEs - Florian
Ringbeck, Head of Department, RWTH Aachen
University ISEA
• Energy storage s...
© 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
AGIT Aachen
Energy storage
Flywheel
11.07.2018 • 2 © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
STORNETIC – Who are we?
STORNETIC und EMS are
Hightech-Companies, for Energy
Storage ...
11.07.2018 • 3
Headquarter Jülich
© 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
11.07.2018 • 4 © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
Storagetechnologies
10
20
30
50
100
Power[MW]
100
Batteries
Duration [min]
0,1 101 >1...
11.07.2018 • 5
Storagetechnologies - Examples
© 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
Home-Batteries
(<1000€/kWh)
System- Batteries
(<800€/k...
11.07.2018 • 6
Maps.google.de
Example Power to Gas
© 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
Hydrogen
Hydrogen
Elektrolyser
Fronteris.de
Stora...
11.07.2018 • 7
ENWHEEL AND DURASTOR
TECHNOLOGY
Our Products
© 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
11.07.2018 • 8
How it works
© 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
Energy into the GridEnergy from the Grid
time
Power/
Speed
time
Power/
S...
11.07.2018 • 9
Innovative Green Energy Storage Technology
Underpinned by Safety & Durability
EnWheel®
Composite Flywheel l...
11.07.2018 • 10
STORNETIC Flywheel Machines
EnWheel®22 EnWheel®60 EnWheel®130*
Peak Power 22 kW 90 kW 170 kW
Typical Power...
11.07.2018 • 11
Stornetic’s Product Portfolio
EnWheel® DuraStor® Basic DuraStor® System
Description Flywheel plus drive
an...
11.07.2018 • 12
DURASTOR® - Innovative & Modular System
© 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
®
Containerized, durable & scalable
flywheel...
11.07.2018 • 13
DuraStor ®400 –
First Commercial Demonstrator
Technical Data DuraStor®
Peak Power 560 kW
Rated Power 400 k...
11.07.2018 • 14
DuraStor 120 to 300 –
Turn Key Solution for Microgrids
Technical Data DuraStor®
Peak Power 120 to 340 kW
R...
11.07.2018 • 15
DuraStor ®1000 –
Concept for Distribution Grids
Technical Data DuraStor® 1000
Peak Power 1300 kW
Rated Pow...
11.07.2018 • 16
MICROGRID STABILIZATION
Our Products
© 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
11.07.2018 • 17
Short Term Grid Stability Challenges
© 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
Interconnected turbine powered grid
• Stable vo...
11.07.2018 • 18
Generic Grid Management Challenges
Generic challenges
No or very little time to
manage
Volatile power
 Au...
11.07.2018 • 19
Gas-Motor & DuraStor Supported Grid
© 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
Storage
Controller
Set-Point
Source: Energas
Pow...
11.07.2018 • 20
Motor Storage Hybrid Behavior
Storage Requirements
Fast DAC of Power, Voltage,
Current & Frequency
Very sh...
11.07.2018 • 21
Example: C&I Microgrid
Customer want to run autonomously
from public grid mainly for cost
reasons
Industri...
11.07.2018 • 22
Examplary Business Case
Business case
Fuels savings avoiding 1.5MW must run gas motor capacity
2017 US gas...
© 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
STORNETIC GmbH
Stetternicher Staatsforst
52428 Jülich
Michael Ismar
Fon +49 2461 65 7133
Fax +49 246...
Lehrstuhl für Elektrochemische Energiewandlung
und Speichersystemtechnik
Energy storage projects with SMEs
B2B Matchmaking...
|
Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems
Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives
13...
|
Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems
• Testing Center (>600 Testing Circuits)
• Temperature &...
|
Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems
Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage System Gro...
|
Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems
Specification of test equipment
■ Electrical test benche...
|
Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems
-2.0
-1.5
-1.0
-0.5
0.0
0.5
0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5
...
|
Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems
Lifetime Prediction
■ Measurement of calendaric and cycl...
|
Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems
Calendaric and Cyclic Ageing Tests
Influencing Factors:
...
|
Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems
Lifetime prediction
13.08.2018 Florian Ringbeck9
Load pr...
|
Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems
Battery Pack Systems
13.08.2018 Florian Ringbeck10
DC
DC...
|
Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems
ISEA Database
13.08.2018 Florian Ringbeck11
12
eLab
Aachen
13
Overview
 5 Institutes
 More than 500 engineers
 More than 100 technicians
 2.963 m² area
 4 floors with 365 m² ea...
14
Position:
The eLab is at the enter of Campus Melaten
Quelle: Lageplan RWTH Aachen Campus; Planungsstand 04.11.2013, Sta...
15
Collaboration opportunities
Production of
prototypes and pilots
R&D Courses
Provision of project
areas
4 service areas ...
16
Production of prototypes and pilots
R&D Courses
Provision of project
areas
4 service areas
Production of
prototypes and...
17
Provision of project areas
Provision of project
areas
Sizes
 Area 1: 16,2 m x 7,1 m (LxB); 115 m²
 Area 2*: 13 m x 5,...
18
R&D
R&D
Application Research
Product
Process
Broad network of partners
Production of
prototypes and pilots
Courses
4 se...
19
Competences: The institutes offer all competences required in the electromobility
Institute for electrical machines
Pow...
20
Legende:
eLab
ISEA der RWTH Aachen
PEM der RWTH Aachen
Free area for SME
Building
eLab
Overview
Electric motor
test ben...
Thank you
for your attention
Contact
Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion
and Storage Systems
Univ.-Prof. Dr. rer. ...
Hyperegio I2M
Energy Storage Study -
Conbility GmbH
July, 10th 2018
1
RWTH Campus – location of Conbility GmbH
Source: www.rwth-aachen.de
“We aim to make the world's best ideas
→ Founded 201...
2
Product lifecycle
Product design Development Production
planning
Production
OPLYSIS®
PPS ERP
Use of OPLYSIS in early sta...
3
Consulting Areas
Strategy Development
4
Consulting Areas
Production Improvement
5
Consulting Areas
Technology Scouting
6
Do you know that the required storage
capacity will double six times until the
end of the next decade, from 5 to 300
(20...
7
History of Energy Storage Systems
Timeline
Status Quo
Industrial
Revolution
Full Renewable Energy Storage Fossil stored ...
8
Market Segmentation
Energy
Storage
Mobile
Air Land Water
Transport:
goods/people
Mobile
electronics
Grid related Plant
r...
9
Do you know that the price of a Li-Ion cell
per kWh will, according to Tesla, fall under
100 €/kWh in 2021 (up to 1,200 ...
10
Technologies according to storage energy forms
EnergyformsStorageTechnologies
Electrical/
Magnetical
Energy
Mechanical/...
11
Technology Properties
Source: Energies 2016, 9(9), 674
12
Project Objectives
→ Market and Technology Knowledge
→ Market specific information
→ Market insights
→ State of the art...
13
Conbility – Consortium Study Approach
14
Study Procedure & Partner
15
System Breakdown – Li-Ion Battery
Components
→ Anode
→ Cathode
→ Separator
→ Casing
→ Positive terminal
→ Negative term...
16
Supply Chain – Li-Ion Battery
17
Business Models – Li-Ion Battery
Battery Exchange (Charging alternative)
➔ Customer drives to a lifting platform in a f...
18
Conclusion
To face the challenges of the future energy
supply, especially the field of energy
storage systems, we have ...
19
Thank you for
your attention!
We would be pleased to support you with
your personal progress in the field of ESS!
20
Cooperation Opportunities – Technology Matching
➔ Individual technology radar and specific
technology matchmaking for s...
21
Cooperation Opportunities
➔ Consortium Study on Energy Storage Systems
(ends at Nov. 2018): 16,000 €
➔ Continuous techn...
22
Contact – Consulting
www.conbility.com
Lukas Kalt M.Sc.
Senior Project Manager
Mobile: +49 159 04564100
E-mail: lukas.k...
© AiF	Projekt	GmbH	2018	
Bridging the Gap
European Funding Opportunities
HYPEREGIO Meeting Aachen | 10.07.2018 | Klaus Jan...
© AiF	Projekt	GmbH	2018	
• Heat	storage	systems
– PCM	for	block-type	thermal	power	station
– Chimney-type	furnace
– Discon...
© AiF	Projekt	GmbH	2018	
• Network	of	ministries	and	funding	agencies:	
What	is	IraSME
3
• International	Research	Activiti...
© AiF	Projekt	GmbH	2018	 4
How	is	IraSME	organised
Synchronized	funding	for	transnational	R&D-Projects	
Calls	twice	a	year...
© AiF	Projekt	GmbH	2018	 5
How	is	IraSME	organised
National	and	regional	funding	rules	prevail
Partnering	Events	in	changi...
© AiF	Projekt	GmbH	2018	 6
A	typical	IraSME	project
average project partner cost
€ 150.000	– 200.000
average duration
22 m...
© AiF	Projekt	GmbH	2018	
Development	of	new	or	significant	improvement	of	
existing	products,	processes	and	technical	serv...
© AiF	Projekt	GmbH	2018	 8
Be	informed
Contact	us	for	special	rules	in	countries	/	regions
Note	deadlines	and	evaluation	p...
© AiF	Projekt	GmbH	2018	 9
National	Program	Portraits	on	IraSME	
website
Upload	system	on	www.ira-sme.net for	
application...
© AiF	Projekt	GmbH	2018	
• Separate	evaluation
• One	common	proposal	form
• National	/	regional	applications	
• Advantage:...
© AiF	Projekt	GmbH	2018	
• Alberta German-Canadian	Centre	for	Innovation	and	Research	(GCCIR)	
• Russia Foundation	for	Ass...
© AiF	Projekt	GmbH	2018	
• SME	up	to	500	Employees,	turnover	<	50	Mio.	€ or	
balance	<	43	Mio.	€
• Research	Organizations	...
© AiF	Projekt	GmbH	2018	
www.ira-sme.net	|	info@ira-sme.net |	+49	30	48163	493
Christian	Fichter	|	Georg	Nagel	|	Jenny	Gud...
© AiF	Projekt	GmbH	2018	
T hank you for your attention
Jean-Pierre	Chisogne	– General	Manager	– CE+T	Energrid – July	10th 2018
Microgrids
for	Commercial	and	Industrial	sites
Cha...
In	few	words
Founded	in	2017
Spin-out	of	CE+T	Power	(200	people,	40	M€ revenue)
Close	collaboration (sales	&	technical)	wi...
Innovative	technologies…
§ Patented	technologies	to	propose	bidirectional	power	converters
§ Declined	into	different	produ...
…serving 3	applications
EnerC
Energy	conditioning	to	actively	
filter	power	disturbances
and	provide	extra	backup
EnerS
En...
Grid	today	…
Micro	Grid
Tools Residential
~10	kW
Future
• Community
• Incentives	(CA)
• Grid	Piloted
• %
• Islanding
Residential
Industrial Storage	with a	microgrid!	
• Link professional	customers	to	store renewable	energy	for	use	when	needed.		
• Bui...
Micro	Grid
Management
Microgrid	core
• Power	converters
• Batteries
• EMS	(Energy	Management	System)
• Temperature	control:
• Variation:	+/- 10°...
From A	to	Z…
Types
• Isolated	(Islands,	…)			
• Grid	Connected
• Asynchronous	 (no	reinjection)
• Synchronous	 (reinjection)
Functions
...
More	and	more	
DC
Distribution	
DC
Storage Distribution	
DC
Wires
AC	power
DC	power
Hub
48V
−
~
=
Sierra
~
=
=
380V
=
=
=
=
=
=
Metro
cell
Metro
cell
Metro
c...
ü Helping the grid
ü Reducing electricity bill :
ü Self-consummation & Self-sufficiency
ü Peak shaving
ü Energy Quality
ü ...
ü Price <-> ROI
ü Important CAPEX
ü Legal framework
ü Unstable & local
ü Producer
ü Storage management
ü Technology choice...
Markets
The microgrids market has an average increase of 17,1% per year. Specially in the US
and in Asia.
In 2015 Microgri...
Industrial microgrids are	highly	increasing as	well	as	campus & commercial
Segmentation Micro	Grid
In	the	world Micro	Grid
Increasing Area:
- USA and	Canada
- Russia,	Italy,	Spain
- China,	India,	Australia ,	Indonesia
Have	a	great	day	and
come	on	Belgium	!!!
Jp.chisogne@cet-energrid.com
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B2B Matchmaking “Energy storage continues its upswing – business an funding opportunities in the HYPEREGIO” | Technologiezentrum Aachen - 10 juillet 2018

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Evènement de « matchmaking » sur le stockage d'énergie du 10 juillet 2018 au centre de technologie TZA à Aix-la-Chapelle.

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B2B Matchmaking “Energy storage continues its upswing – business an funding opportunities in the HYPEREGIO” | Technologiezentrum Aachen - 10 juillet 2018

  1. 1. • Energy storage projects with SMEs - Florian Ringbeck, Head of Department, RWTH Aachen University ISEA • Energy storage systems study - Lukas Kalt, Technology Consultant, Conbility • European funding opportunities by IRA SME - Klaus Jansen, Head of Research Politics, AiF Projekt • Flywheels an ideal energy storage device? - Michael Ismar, Sales manager, Stornetic • Microgrids for commercial and industrial facilities: Challenges and opportunities - Jean- Pierre Chisogne, General Manager, CE+T Energrid P R O G R A M M E
  2. 2. © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH AGIT Aachen Energy storage Flywheel
  3. 3. 11.07.2018 • 2 © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH STORNETIC – Who are we? STORNETIC und EMS are Hightech-Companies, for Energy Storage Systems Location: Jülich ETC develops and produces Ultragas-centrifuges for Uranium- enrichment. ETC is a Joint Venture betweenn ORANO (früher AREVA) and Urenco.
  4. 4. 11.07.2018 • 3 Headquarter Jülich © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
  5. 5. 11.07.2018 • 4 © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH Storagetechnologies 10 20 30 50 100 Power[MW] 100 Batteries Duration [min] 0,1 101 >1000 Ultra-Caps Power to Gas Hydrogen Flywheels Hydropower 0,01
  6. 6. 11.07.2018 • 5 Storagetechnologies - Examples © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH Home-Batteries (<1000€/kWh) System- Batteries (<800€/kWh) Large-Batteries (<700€/kWh) Flywheel- Storage (<1000€/kWh) Pump Hydro (-) Hydrogen Storage (18€/kWh*) *Hauptkosten in der Elektrolyse (Anschaffungskosten, zum Teil aus internationalen Quellen) Quellen: Sonnen.de, Tesla.com, ew-magazin, Stornetic, Ingenieur.de, EMS
  7. 7. 11.07.2018 • 6 Maps.google.de Example Power to Gas © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH Hydrogen Hydrogen Elektrolyser Fronteris.de Storage Bus- fueling Riverboats Elektrolyser & Car Fuelling station
  8. 8. 11.07.2018 • 7 ENWHEEL AND DURASTOR TECHNOLOGY Our Products © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
  9. 9. 11.07.2018 • 8 How it works © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH Energy into the GridEnergy from the Grid time Power/ Speed time Power/ Speed Physics Energy = Power * time Energy = ½ * Inertia*Speed² Consequence Speed matters more than mass The ratio of material strength and density determines the maximum energy which can be stored Rotation Steel Casing Active Magnetic Bearing Vacuum Carbon Fiber Rotor Generator & Motor
  10. 10. 11.07.2018 • 9 Innovative Green Energy Storage Technology Underpinned by Safety & Durability EnWheel® Composite Flywheel levitating in magnetic bearings free of wear Spin‘s up to 45,000rpm in vacuum Integrated electrical motor/generator „mechanical battery“ with market optimized power ratings Suits continuous high power duty cycling Operating in wider temperature range than batteries Safe by design Validated in test and operational environment Environmental friendly not using hazardous or flammable chemicals High technical salvage value Recyclable & durable EnWheel® Key Components Protective Steel Casing Active Magnetic Bearing Vacuum Carbon Fiber Rotor (3.6 kWheff.) Generator & Motor (22 to 80kWp) Patented Mounting © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
  11. 11. 11.07.2018 • 10 STORNETIC Flywheel Machines EnWheel®22 EnWheel®60 EnWheel®130* Peak Power 22 kW 90 kW 170 kW Typical Power (TP) 15 kW 60-75 kW 130 kW Useable Capacity 3.4 kWh 3.4 kWh 2.7 kWh Maximum delivery time – unidirectional 8 min 120 sec 35 sec Maximum time – bidirectional @TP ±4 min 65 sec 20 sec © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH *Under Qualification
  12. 12. 11.07.2018 • 11 Stornetic’s Product Portfolio EnWheel® DuraStor® Basic DuraStor® System Description Flywheel plus drive and vacuum for integration into storage systems Storage container including EnWheels, mounting, EnWheel® Management System, and primary cooling DuraStor® Basic plus grid interface, active cooling and Application Management System Power [kWp] 22 to 85 Scalable from 120 to 1200 Capacity [kWh] 3.6 15 to 100 Round Trip Efficiency [≤%] 92 90 85 © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
  13. 13. 11.07.2018 • 12 DURASTOR® - Innovative & Modular System © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH ® Containerized, durable & scalable flywheel energy storage systems Build for continuous high power & cycling applications Very responsive technology allowing high power gradients Adaptable in capacity and power rating Tested & proven safe with patented mounting and fixation design Factory tested, fast & easy to install Integrated solution with remote control, management & monitoring system On demand with grid converter and auxiliary systems for autonomous operation
  14. 14. 11.07.2018 • 13 DuraStor ®400 – First Commercial Demonstrator Technical Data DuraStor® Peak Power 560 kW Rated Power 400 kW Capacity 100 kWh Flywheels 28 x EnWheel® 22 © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
  15. 15. 11.07.2018 • 14 DuraStor 120 to 300 – Turn Key Solution for Microgrids Technical Data DuraStor® Peak Power 120 to 340 kW Rated Power 120 to 300 kW Capacity 7 to 14 kWh Flywheels 2 or 4 EnWheel® 60 © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
  16. 16. 11.07.2018 • 15 DuraStor ®1000 – Concept for Distribution Grids Technical Data DuraStor® 1000 Peak Power 1300 kW Rated Power 1000 kW Capacity 57 kWh Flywheels 16 x EnWheel® 60 © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
  17. 17. 11.07.2018 • 16 MICROGRID STABILIZATION Our Products © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
  18. 18. 11.07.2018 • 17 Short Term Grid Stability Challenges © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH Interconnected turbine powered grid • Stable voltage and grid frequency • Capable to manage significant load changes • High pollution and environmental impact Interconnected grids with ≤50% renewables • Instable voltage & frequency during significant load changes • Improved environmental footprint • Conversion scenario Renewable & reciprocating engine powered Regional-, Local- or Microgrid • Sensitive against load changes • Significant voltage and frequency changes causing difficulties especially for C&I’s Sources: Lippendorf, Photocommunity, Caterpillar PastNearTermFuture Stability
  19. 19. 11.07.2018 • 18 Generic Grid Management Challenges Generic challenges No or very little time to manage Volatile power  Automated autonomous systems  Manage high power gradients Generic challenges Reducing must run capacity Shifting excessive energy © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH Generic challenges Volatile Energy Forecast errors Reasonable time to manage energy balance  Internet of things  IT grid management 0 to 5 Minutes Minutes to Hours >> 4 Hours Solutions Today: larger power plants provide synchronous inertia & frequency regulation Tomorrow: Frequency Reg. by Curtailment & Storage Synchronous Inertia by Storentic Solutions Forecast models Intra-Hour trading Flex. generation & loads Renewable curtailment Decentralized CHP’s Battery & other storage Solutions Power to Heat Power to Gas Flexible loads Flow batteries E-mobility Stornetic’s Market Focus Battery Storage Focus
  20. 20. 11.07.2018 • 19 Gas-Motor & DuraStor Supported Grid © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH Storage Controller Set-Point Source: Energas Power Real Time Grid Measurements (P, Q, U, I, f) Grid Manage- ment Energy / Power Demand & Status Data    Renewables Provide CO2 free energy Create volatility Gas Motor(s) “Back-up” power Flexible, controllable & reliable energy source Relatively poor dynamic Voltage source Energy Storage Voltage source when no motors operate Balances power & energy Provides time to manage power assets
  21. 21. 11.07.2018 • 20 Motor Storage Hybrid Behavior Storage Requirements Fast DAC of Power, Voltage, Current & Frequency Very short response time of the storage process (Energy- Source to AC) High power gradients needed Storage locations matters! Results Steeper voltage and frequency drop in the first few 100ms depending on reaction time and power installed After ≥ 1s the grid recovers faster Response time and power installed matters © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH -0,8 -0,6 -0,4 -0,2 0 0,2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 Delta Frequency 100% Conventional Generation [Hz] Delta Frequency 75% Renewables + 200ms Battery Storage [Hz] Delta Frequency 75% Renewable + 50ms Flywheel Storage [Hz] Reaction Time Matters Time [s] Reduced Stability Frequency[Hz] Improved Stability
  22. 22. 11.07.2018 • 21 Example: C&I Microgrid Customer want to run autonomously from public grid mainly for cost reasons Industrial customers with SPS controlled equipment have a strong request on power quality to avoid partial equipment failures A solution with several gas motors does not provide the requested power quality A fast reacting storage-hybrid improves the situation Tests are starting with a 120MW system Additional test are planned for Summer 2018 with a 400kW system © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH Can cause challenges Preferred frequency corridor
  23. 23. 11.07.2018 • 22 Examplary Business Case Business case Fuels savings avoiding 1.5MW must run gas motor capacity 2017 US gas prices 1MW DuraStor storage system 1% Inflation, 10%WACC  2000 to. CO2 saving/anno  Stable environmental friendly C&I microgrids are feasible © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH
  24. 24. © 2018 STORNETIC GmbH STORNETIC GmbH Stetternicher Staatsforst 52428 Jülich Michael Ismar Fon +49 2461 65 7133 Fax +49 2461 65 222 e-mail michael.ismar@stornetic.com Contact us for more information
  25. 25. Lehrstuhl für Elektrochemische Energiewandlung und Speichersystemtechnik Energy storage projects with SMEs B2B Matchmaking Energy Storage Systems Florian Ringbeck 13.08.2018 1
  26. 26. | Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives 13.08.2018 Florian Ringbeck2 Univ.-Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Dirk Uwe Sauer Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems Univ.-Prof. Dr. ir. Dr. h. c. Rik De Doncker Power Electronics Electrical Drives Univ.-Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Egbert Figgemeier Ageing Processes and Lifetime Prediction of Batteries
  27. 27. | Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems • Testing Center (>600 Testing Circuits) • Temperature & Climate Chambers • Special Purpose Equipment (Vibration) From Cell to System Overview of the Storage Competences of ISEA 13.08.2018 Florian Ringbeck3 Battery Testing Laboratory Analysis Modelling System Integration Monitoring & Management • Laboratory for Chemical Analyses • Identification of Ageing Effects • Parameterization of Models • Electrical & Ageing Models • Empirical, Impedance Based & Physico- Chemical approaches • Temperature Models • Battery Pack Prototyping • Dimensioning Based on Usage and Ageing • Diagnostics for BMS • Advanced EMS • Stationary and Automotive Applications
  28. 28. | Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage System Group 13.08.2018 Florian Ringbeck4 Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage System Group Section Modeling, Analytics & Life Time Prognosis Section Battery System Design and Vehicle Integration Section Grid Integration and Storage System Analysis Univ.-Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Dirk Uwe Sauer • Battery Models • Electrical • Thermal • Physical • Ageing • Life Time Testing • Post-Mortem Analysis • Ageing Models • Battery Pack Design • Dimensioning • Mechanical and Electrical Prototyping • BMS • Hardware • Diagnostic Algorithms • Storage systems for Renewable Energies • Large Scale • Home PV Systems • Economics and business models for storage operation
  29. 29. | Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems Specification of test equipment ■ Electrical test benches □ 150 channels for mass bench test (20 A / 6V) □ 450 automatic charge/discharge units □ Voltage range 0 – 6 V, 0 – 18V, 100 V □ Current range 3A, 10A, 50A, 100A, 150A, 200A, 300A, 500A or up to 1500 A by parallel connection □ Cold cranking tests up to 2000A □ 6 test benches for battery packs (5 x 80 kW, 1 x 240 kW) voltage 500 to 800 V (1000 V), current up to 400 A □ More than 70 impedance test benches ■ Temperature chambers □ 100 temperature chambers -40 – 130°C □ 40 temperature ovens 35 – 130°C for storage and calendric tests ■ Vibration and shock test bench 13.08.2018 Florian Ringbeck5
  30. 30. | Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems -2.0 -1.5 -1.0 -0.5 0.0 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 Im(Z)/mW Re(Z) / mW 1 kHz 100 Hz 10 Hz 1 Hz 0.1 Hz 0.01 Hz L Rser CSEI RSEI Rct ZW Cdl ZARC 1 ZARC 2 ■ Electrical models □ Impedance based for dynamic simulations □ Physical/chemical for representation and understanding occurring processes □ According to application usage of simple or spatially-resolved models ■ Thermal models for cells and stacks incl. cooling strategies Battery Modelling 13.08.2018 Cathode Separator Anode CurrentCollector CurrentCollector 6 Florian Ringbeck
  31. 31. | Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems Lifetime Prediction ■ Measurement of calendaric and cycle lifetime □ Dependency from temperature, cycle depth, current, voltage/state of charge □ Regular interruption for measurement of impedance, resistance and capacity □ Post mortem analysis for identification of ageing processes ■ Ageing models □ Basis: electrical and thermal model □ Semi-empiric for lifetime prediction □ Physical/chemical for understanding ageing mechanisms 13.08.2018 Florian Ringbeck7 T / SOC 20 % 3,05 V 50 % 3,51 V 80 % 3,92 V 100 % 4,10 V 35 °C x X X 50 °C X X X X 65 °C X X
  32. 32. | Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems Calendaric and Cyclic Ageing Tests Influencing Factors: ■ Temperature □ High Temperatures – Arrhenius Behavior □ Low Temperatures – Plating ■ State of Charge □ High SOC correlates to strong ageing □ Influence of phase transitions while cycling ■ Depth of discharge □ SN curve – statistical distribution ■ Current □ Important while charging 13.08.20188 Florian Ringbeck
  33. 33. | Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems Lifetime prediction 13.08.2018 Florian Ringbeck9 Load profile (I, P, Tenvironment) Systematic calendaric and cycle ageing tests Post mortem analysis for identification of ageing processes and speed Lifetime prediction Spatially-resolved thermoelectrical model Model of ageing processes Parameter adaption of electrical model Electrical and thermal characterisation ESS Section Modeling, Analytics & Life Time Prognosis Section Battery System Design and Vehicle Integration Section Grid Integration and Storage System Analysis
  34. 34. | Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems Battery Pack Systems 13.08.2018 Florian Ringbeck10 DC DC Bat 1 IBat1 VBat1 PDC-link High Voltage DC-link M1 M2 MN PTC eCC ... PDrive PAux DC DC Bat 2 IBat2 VBat2 DC DC Bat N IBatN VBatN Energy management Power distribution Control Control Control Measurement- and Master Slave Slave Current control System Architecture System Dimensioning • Heterogenous Battery Packs • High Energy & High Power • Operating strategies • System optimization • Bus • Car • Aerospace ESS Section Modeling, Analytics & Life Time Prognosis Section Battery System Design and Vehicle Integration Section Grid Integration and Storage System Analysis
  35. 35. | Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems ISEA Database 13.08.2018 Florian Ringbeck11
  36. 36. 12 eLab Aachen
  37. 37. 13 Overview  5 Institutes  More than 500 engineers  More than 100 technicians  2.963 m² area  4 floors with 365 m² each, approx. 700 m² rentable offices  1.895 m² project areas in the hall area, 187 m² rentable  Competences in:  Cell, module and pack manufacturing  Battery testing  Joining  Electric motors  Power electronics
  38. 38. 14 Position: The eLab is at the enter of Campus Melaten Quelle: Lageplan RWTH Aachen Campus; Planungsstand 04.11.2013, Stand der Fotos Juni 2015 Gefördert durch: Campus Melaten der RWTH Aachen  One of the biggest science campuses in europe  The RWTH Aachen Campus  Area: 800.000 m²  Investment volume: 2 Bn. €  New direct and indirect jobs: approx. 10.000  With the help of the campus, the cooperation between industry and RWTH shall be intensified
  39. 39. 15 Collaboration opportunities Production of prototypes and pilots R&D Courses Provision of project areas 4 service areas The service areas are realized with the support of the institutes
  40. 40. 16 Production of prototypes and pilots R&D Courses Provision of project areas 4 service areas Production of prototypes and pilots
  41. 41. 17 Provision of project areas Provision of project areas Sizes  Area 1: 16,2 m x 7,1 m (LxB); 115 m²  Area 2*: 13 m x 5,5 m (LxB); 72 m² Cost**  Monthly rent: 15 €/m²  Area 1: 1725 €/Month  Area 2: 1080 €/ Month Misc.:  10 t crane  5,7 m height  10 kN/m² ground load Area 2 Area 1 Production of prototypes and pilots R&D Courses 4 service areas
  42. 42. 18 R&D R&D Application Research Product Process Broad network of partners Production of prototypes and pilots Courses 4 service areas Provision of project areas
  43. 43. 19 Competences: The institutes offer all competences required in the electromobility Institute for electrical machines Power electronics and electrical drives Energy storage systems Welding and joining Production Engineering of E- Mobility Components
  44. 44. 20 Legende: eLab ISEA der RWTH Aachen PEM der RWTH Aachen Free area for SME Building eLab Overview Electric motor test bench Inverter test bench Battery Cell Manufacturing Tensile testing Battery Compartments Vacuum casting Machining5-Axis milling Battery testing chambers Joining lab Free Area 5 Free Area 1Free Area 2 Free Area 3 Electric motor assembly Laser welding and cutting Free Area 6 3D printing Free Area 1: ca. 34 m² Free Area 2: ca. 40 m² Free Area 3: ca. 31 m² Free Area 4: ca. 33 m² Free Area 5: ca. 35 m² Free Area 6: ca. 16 m² Areas: Free Area 4
  45. 45. Thank you for your attention Contact Chair for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems Univ.-Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Dirk Uwe Sauer RWTH Aachen University Jaegerstrasse 17/19 52066 Aachen GERMANY www.isea.rwth-aachen.de We thank 36 Tel.:+49-241-80-49397 E-Mail: fri@isea.rwth-aachen.de Florian Ringbeck
  46. 46. Hyperegio I2M Energy Storage Study - Conbility GmbH July, 10th 2018
  47. 47. 1 RWTH Campus – location of Conbility GmbH Source: www.rwth-aachen.de “We aim to make the world's best ideas → Founded 2015 in Aachen → Strong background in production technology and material science → Focus on improving competitiveness of producing companies → Our topics: Analyze, identify potential of improvement and implement actions concerning → products → production sequences → processes and systems → data utilization economically producible.“ Conbility Profile
  48. 48. 2 Product lifecycle Product design Development Production planning Production OPLYSIS® PPS ERP Use of OPLYSIS in early stages before detailed production planning with PPS systems: OPLYSIS enables early - Assessment of invest and production cost - Identification of cost drivers and bottlenecks - Effects analysis of different production scenarios or alternative resources (materials, maschines, activities, etc.) OPLYSIS® - Cost assessment along the value chain
  49. 49. 3 Consulting Areas Strategy Development
  50. 50. 4 Consulting Areas Production Improvement
  51. 51. 5 Consulting Areas Technology Scouting
  52. 52. 6 Do you know that the required storage capacity will double six times until the end of the next decade, from 5 to 300 (2030) GWh? Source: https://www.greentechmedia.com/ Why do we have such a significant increase of required storage capacities?
  53. 53. 7 History of Energy Storage Systems Timeline Status Quo Industrial Revolution Full Renewable Energy Storage Fossil stored energy Energy Revolution: Renewable Energies Generation Fossil stored energy Natural stored renewable energy Renewable Energy Before industrial revolution starts, the energy generation and usage is total renewable (wind & water). The available energy storages are natural based (wood, peat - few fossil energy storages like coal) With the invention of the steam engine, the era of fossil stored energy started. Nearly 80 percent of today´s primary energy comes from fossil fuel. Driven by the climatic change, the energy will go more and more back to renewable energy generation. But without the natural storage systems, alternative storage technologies are needed
  54. 54. 8 Market Segmentation Energy Storage Mobile Air Land Water Transport: goods/people Mobile electronics Grid related Plant related Private Central Supply Network MarketsMarketSegmentsDivisionSubdivision Information technology Commercial Decentral: Internal Demand Stationary Electrical hand tools Decentral off grid Consumer hand tools Mobile work
  55. 55. 9 Do you know that the price of a Li-Ion cell per kWh will, according to Tesla, fall under 100 €/kWh in 2021 (up to 1,200 $ in 2010)? Source: https://www.tesla.com Are they any alternatives compared to the Li-Ion Battery Systems?
  56. 56. 10 Technologies according to storage energy forms EnergyformsStorageTechnologies Electrical/ Magnetical Energy Mechanical/ Potential Energy Electrochemical/ chemical Energy Thermal Energy Lead Acid Battery Li-Ion Battery Electrolyte tanks High Temperature Battery Gas tanks Compressed Air Pumped Hydropower Fly Wheel Thermochemic al Heat Storage Sensible Heat Storage Latent Heat Storage Capacitor Magnetic Coil
  57. 57. 11 Technology Properties Source: Energies 2016, 9(9), 674
  58. 58. 12 Project Objectives → Market and Technology Knowledge → Market specific information → Market insights → State of the art technology overview → Emerging technologies and trends Initial Situation – demand for: → Basis for future strategic decisions → Addressing of booming market Objectives/Results: → Evaluation of business opportunities → New business models → Networking opportunities Addressed Questions: “What kinds of technologies exist and what readiness level do they have?” “Which different types of system configurations are used today for each storage technology?” “What materials are proceed?” “What are the enabling key- technologies?” “What are the use cases and application criteria?” “How big is the economic potential?” ”Who are the key-players and how are the value chains structured?”
  59. 59. 13 Conbility – Consortium Study Approach
  60. 60. 14 Study Procedure & Partner
  61. 61. 15 System Breakdown – Li-Ion Battery Components → Anode → Cathode → Separator → Casing → Positive terminal → Negative terminal → Protection Circuit → Fuse → Data connection Technical Requirements (system level) → High Capacity → Properties stable by temperature changes → Performance lifetime → Lightweight for mobile applications KeyComponents Cathode Separator Anode Casing Negative terminal Separator Protection CircuitData Connection Positive terminal Blow-up drawing breakdown to single components: Fuse
  62. 62. 16 Supply Chain – Li-Ion Battery
  63. 63. 17 Business Models – Li-Ion Battery Battery Exchange (Charging alternative) ➔ Customer drives to a lifting platform in a filling station. Battery change instead of charging. Swarm Battery ➔ Vehicles of an autonomous driving fleet will drive automatically to charging station and/or giving energy to the grid or other vehicles if required ▪ Fast change ▪ Fully automated ▪ Expert charging in filling station ▪ Only for small and middle sized cars ▪ Fast charging battery systems can answer the problem ▪ Continuous energy supply of the fleet ▪ Fully automated ▪ Energy available if needed ▪ General coordination required
  64. 64. 18 Conclusion To face the challenges of the future energy supply, especially the field of energy storage systems, we have to include companies from the entire value chain!
  65. 65. 19 Thank you for your attention! We would be pleased to support you with your personal progress in the field of ESS!
  66. 66. 20 Cooperation Opportunities – Technology Matching ➔ Individual technology radar and specific technology matchmaking for small & mid size companies: 5,800 € → Individual technology radar with individual selected dimensions → 1-day Workshop to identify customer specific assets and strengths → Technology matching to identify future business potentials → Set-up the first steps of a future roadmap design → Project volume: 5,800 €
  67. 67. 21 Cooperation Opportunities ➔ Consortium Study on Energy Storage Systems (ends at Nov. 2018): 16,000 € ➔ Continuous technology reporting on energy storage systems. Quarterly reporting regarding current developments: 4,000 € ➔ Individual technology radar and specific technology matchmaking for small & mid size companies: 5,800 €
  68. 68. 22 Contact – Consulting www.conbility.com Lukas Kalt M.Sc. Senior Project Manager Mobile: +49 159 04564100 E-mail: lukas.kalt@conbility.com
  69. 69. © AiF Projekt GmbH 2018 Bridging the Gap European Funding Opportunities HYPEREGIO Meeting Aachen | 10.07.2018 | Klaus Jansen
  70. 70. © AiF Projekt GmbH 2018 • Heat storage systems – PCM for block-type thermal power station – Chimney-type furnace – Discontinuous furnace • Electric energy storage systems – High performance battery systems – Life-Cycle-Management (Software, scanning technique) 2 Success Stories
  71. 71. © AiF Projekt GmbH 2018 • Network of ministries and funding agencies: What is IraSME 3 • International Research Activities by SME = IraSME • Extension to other countries is in process Germany Russia Austria Flanders Wallonia Czech Rep. Luxembourg Alberta
  72. 72. © AiF Projekt GmbH 2018 4 How is IraSME organised Synchronized funding for transnational R&D-Projects Calls twice a year with deadlines end of March and September Market orientated and bottom-up approach
  73. 73. © AiF Projekt GmbH 2018 5 How is IraSME organised National and regional funding rules prevail Partnering Events in changing locations 26.11.2018 Joint event with Canada Aachen 2019 At Innovation Day Mittelstand Berlin
  74. 74. © AiF Projekt GmbH 2018 6 A typical IraSME project average project partner cost € 150.000 – 200.000 average duration 22 months 3-4 participants from network countries Clearly distinct subprojects for each partner 2 SMEs / 2 participating countries / regions RTOs as additional partners or subcontractors
  75. 75. © AiF Projekt GmbH 2018 Development of new or significant improvement of existing products, processes and technical services 7 Requirements on IraSME projects High market potential | Significant technical risks
  76. 76. © AiF Projekt GmbH 2018 8 Be informed Contact us for special rules in countries / regions Note deadlines and evaluation periods
  77. 77. © AiF Projekt GmbH 2018 9 National Program Portraits on IraSME website Upload system on www.ira-sme.net for applications 22th call open Deadline is September 26, 2018 - noon Joint calls for proposals Germany RussiaFlanders Wallonia LuxembourgCzech Rep. Alberta
  78. 78. © AiF Projekt GmbH 2018 • Separate evaluation • One common proposal form • National / regional applications • Advantage: IraSME is no funding program, it simply synchronizes national funding systems 10 Procedures
  79. 79. © AiF Projekt GmbH 2018 • Alberta German-Canadian Centre for Innovation and Research (GCCIR) • Russia Foundation for Assistance to Small Innovative Enterprises (FASIE) • Flanders Flanders Innovation & Entrepreneurship • Czech Republic Czech Ministry of Industry and Trade (MPO) • Germany AiF Projekt GmbH (Project management of BMWi) • Wallonie Service Public de Wallonie (SPW) • Luxembourg Luxinnovation 11 Contact organizations
  80. 80. © AiF Projekt GmbH 2018 • SME up to 500 Employees, turnover < 50 Mio. € or balance < 43 Mio. € • Research Organizations in cooperation with German SME • open to all branches and technology sectors • funding decision within three months of application (average) • consultation before application via a project sketch a/o helpdesk 12 German funding - ZIM
  81. 81. © AiF Projekt GmbH 2018 www.ira-sme.net | info@ira-sme.net | +49 30 48163 493 Christian Fichter | Georg Nagel | Jenny Gudlat | Claudia Schuldt 13 Supported by:Supported by: Do you have a project idea? Please contact the IraSME office and your local funding agency.
  82. 82. © AiF Projekt GmbH 2018 T hank you for your attention
  83. 83. Jean-Pierre Chisogne – General Manager – CE+T Energrid – July 10th 2018 Microgrids for Commercial and Industrial sites Challenges et Opportunities
  84. 84. In few words Founded in 2017 Spin-out of CE+T Power (200 people, 40 M€ revenue) Close collaboration (sales & technical) with CE+T Power Operational team: 5 people (FTE) 2.4 M€ funding (including 0.85 M€ in equity) Critical power backup solutions Energy management
  85. 85. Innovative technologies… § Patented technologies to propose bidirectional power converters § Declined into different products and solutions
  86. 86. …serving 3 applications EnerC Energy conditioning to actively filter power disturbances and provide extra backup EnerS Energy storage for residential, commercial and industrial customers EnerP Portable energy for B2C, NGOs and military applications
  87. 87. Grid today … Micro Grid
  88. 88. Tools Residential ~10 kW
  89. 89. Future • Community • Incentives (CA) • Grid Piloted • % • Islanding Residential
  90. 90. Industrial Storage with a microgrid! • Link professional customers to store renewable energy for use when needed. • Built around batteries + power converters + software (EMS).
  91. 91. Micro Grid Management
  92. 92. Microgrid core • Power converters • Batteries • EMS (Energy Management System) • Temperature control: • Variation: +/- 10°C • Fan: 1.4 m3 • Heating: 4 kW • Insulation • Access control • Fire detection & extinguishment • Water detection & system enslavement Micro Grid
  93. 93. From A to Z…
  94. 94. Types • Isolated (Islands, …) • Grid Connected • Asynchronous (no reinjection) • Synchronous (reinjection) Functions • Commercial Buildings (DC feed) • Industry - Parks • Communities - Campus • EV Chargers Zones • Frequency reserves • R1 - FCR – Contain • R2 - aFRR – Restoration • R3 - mFRR - Restoration Micro Grid Why
  95. 95. More and more DC Distribution DC
  96. 96. Storage Distribution DC Wires AC power DC power Hub 48V − ~ = Sierra ~ = = 380V = = = = = = Metro cell Metro cell Metro cell 48V48V 48V Distributed metrocell mockup
  97. 97. ü Helping the grid ü Reducing electricity bill : ü Self-consummation & Self-sufficiency ü Peak shaving ü Energy Quality ü Back-up ü Increasing incomes : ü Reinjection ü Strategical reserves ü DC feeding ü Buildings ü EV Chargers ü Corporate identity Les opportunités Micro Grid
  98. 98. ü Price <-> ROI ü Important CAPEX ü Legal framework ü Unstable & local ü Producer ü Storage management ü Technology choice ü Batteries (cost v performance) ü Raw materials – Recycling ü EMS (standardisation) Micro Grid Challenges
  99. 99. Markets The microgrids market has an average increase of 17,1% per year. Specially in the US and in Asia. In 2015 Microgrids between 1 & 5MW are representing 34%. Extrapolating in 2022, this would mean 4,2M$ Micro Grid
  100. 100. Industrial microgrids are highly increasing as well as campus & commercial Segmentation Micro Grid
  101. 101. In the world Micro Grid Increasing Area: - USA and Canada - Russia, Italy, Spain - China, India, Australia , Indonesia
  102. 102. Have a great day and come on Belgium !!! Jp.chisogne@cet-energrid.com

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