Las 25 preguntas más habituales en una entrevista de trabajo en inglés
The most difficult questions youll be asked on a job interviewBeing prepared is half the fight.Congratulations! You applied for a job and now you are getting ready for that importantjob interview. Your English is excellent or at least suitable and you are looking forwardto making a good impression on your future boss. Now, you need to make sure thatyou also have the right type of English for that job interview.The job interview in English contains specific questions and appropriate answers. Italso requires certain flexibility in your usage of tenses.When you walk in the room the very first impression you make on the interviewer canhave a great influence on the rest of the interview. It is important that you introduceyourself, shake hands, and are friendly. The first question is often a "breaking the ice"(establish a rapport) type of question. Dont be surprised if the interviewer asks yousomething like: Interviewer: How are you today? Did you have any trouble finding us? What do you think of the weather lately?Answer the question without going into too much detail. The language you use shouldbe simple but polite, for example; How are you today?A good answer: Im fine thank you, and you? Im well thank you.A bad answer: So, so OK Not so wellOk, now that’s clear so let’s get down to the questions. Think about the mostappropriate answer for each question asked.
QUESTIONS1. Tell me about yourself.Since this is often the opening question in an interview, be extra careful that you dontrun off at the mouth. Keep your answer to a minute or two at most. Cover four topics:early years, education, work history, and recent career experience. Emphasize this lastsubject. Remember that this is likely to be a warm-up question. Dont waste your bestpoints on it.2. What do you know about our organization?You should be able to discuss products or services, revenues, reputation, image,goals, problems, management style, people, history and philosophy. But dont act as ifyou know everything about the place. Let your answer show that you have taken thetime to do some research, but dont overwhelm the interviewer, and make it clear thatyou wish to learn more.You might start your answer in this manner: "In my job search, Ive investigated anumber of companies.Yours is one of the few that interests me, for these reasons..."Give your answer a positive tone. Dont say, "Well, everyone tells me that youre in allsorts of trouble, and thats why Im here", even if that is why youre there.3. Why do you want to work for us?The deadliest answer you can give is "Because I like people." What else would youlike-animals?Here, and throughout the interview, a good answer comes from having done yourhomework so that you can speak in terms of the companys needs. You might say thatyour research has shown that the company is doing things you would like to beinvolved with, and that its doing them in ways that greatly interest you. For example, ifthe organization is known for strong management, your answer should mention thatfact and show that you would like to be a part of that team. If the company places agreat deal of emphasis on research and development emphasizes the fact that youwant to create new things and that you know this is a place in which such activity isencouraged. If the organization stresses financial controls, your answer should mentiona reverence for numbers.If you feel that you have to think up an answer to this question - if, for example, thecompany stresses research, and you feel that you should mention it even though itreally doesnt interest you, then you probably should not be taking that interview,because you probably shouldnt be considering a job with that organization.Your homework should include learning enough about the company to avoidapproaching places where you wouldnt be able -or wouldnt want- to function. Sincemost of us are poor liars, its difficult to trick anyone in an interview. But even if youshould succeed at it, your prize is a job you dont really want.4. What can you do for us that someone else cant?Here you have every right, and perhaps an obligation, to toot your own horn and be abit egotistical. Talk about your record of getting things done, and mention specifics fromyour resume or list of career accomplishments. Say that your skills and interests,combined with this history of getting results, make you valuable. Mention your ability toset priorities, identify problems, and use your experience and energy to solve them.
5. What do you find most attractive about this position? What seems leastattractive about it?List three or four attractive factors of the job, and mention a single, minor, unattractiveitem.6. Why should we hire you?Create your answer by thinking in terms of your ability, your experience, and yourenergy. (See question 4.)7. What do you look for in a job?Keep your answer oriented to opportunities at this organization. Talk about your desireto perform and be recognized for your contributions. Make your answer oriented towardopportunity rather than personal security.8. Why do you want to be a flight attendant? (or other profession)Keep your answer brief. Present specific motivation or logical reasons. Avoid simplyfocusing on the benefits the job gives you, for example, a high salary or long vacation.9. What do you think is the hardest part of working for people younger/older thanyou? What is the biggest challenge in dealing with younger/older people in theworkplace (employees, customers, suppliers)?Try to demonstrate the differences between the experienced and inexperienced in youranswer.It is no big deal, but one issue comes to mind. They frequently are vague about whatthey want accomplished. They also send conflicting messages. By seeking clarificationfrom the start, everyone knows what is expected.10. How long would you stay with us?Say that you are interested in a career with the organization, but admit that you wouldhave to continue to feel challenged to remain with any organization. Think in terms of,"As long as we both feel achievement-oriented."11. Your resume suggests that you may be over-qualified or too experienced forthis position. Whats your opinion?Emphasize your interest in establishing a long-term association with the organization,and say that you assume that if you perform well in his job, new opportunities will openup for you. Mention that a strong company needs a strong staff. Observe thatexperienced executives are always at a premium. Suggest that since you are so wellqualified, the employer will get a fast return on his investment. Say that a growing,energetic company can never have too much talent.12. What is your greatest strength?Since you have prepared this question it won’t be difficult. Remember talk about“skills”. Not your ability to drink beer. You can say things like: I work well underpressure. When there is a deadline (a time by which the work must be finished), I canfocus on the task at hand and structure my work schedule well.
13. What is your greatest weakness?Careful with this one. There is no right answer but the interviewer expects you to saysomething. He or she will find out so like in the previous question be truthful. You cansay something that is negative but also seen as positive: i.e. I am overzealous (worktoo hard) and become nervous when my co-workers are not pulling their weight (doingtheir job). However, I am aware of this problem, and before I say anything to anyone, Iask myself why the colleague is having difficulties.Here you explained showing you are aware of this but can control. Any answer like thiscan lead to another question which may try to go deeper into this “weakness”.14. When can you begin?Don’t seem too eager. Give yourself time to do the things you need to do. Go to theunemployment office; get your new ID etc.As soon as you would like me to begin.Show your willingness to begin.15. What type of people do you work with most effectively?Your answer should be positive and showing that you work well with others and in ateam. Teamwork is essential in today’s large companies.You can say: I tend to work well with those who are confident and straightforward.16. Tell me about your salary expectation.Well-prepared applicants can ask back. First, ask the companys salary range, andthen, answer taking into consideration your qualification and the skills the job requires.17. What Were Your Expectations for your last Job?There isnt a right or wrong answer to this question. The best way to respond is todiscuss what you expected when you took the job and give examples of how theposition worked out for you. If the job wasnt exactly what you expected, its fine tomention that. However, you should focus on the job itself, not the company, your boss,or your co-workers (if they were a problem).18. Why are you leaving (did you leave) your present (last) job?Be brief, to the point, and as honest as you can without hurting yourself. Refer back tothe planning phase of your job search. where you considered this topic as you set yourreference statements. If you were laid off in an across-the-board cutback, say so;otherwise, indicate that the move was your decision, the result of your action. Do notmention personality conflicts.The interviewer may spend some time probing you on this issue, particularly if it is clearthat you were terminated. The "We agreed to disagree" approach may be useful.Remember hat your references are likely to be checked, so dont concoct a story for aninterview.19. What Motivates You?There isnt a right or wrong answer to interview questions about what motivates you.The interviewer is trying to understand the key to your being successful in the job he isinterviewing for, and wants to make sure its a good fit. Consider, in advance ofinterviewing, what actually does motivate you and come up with some specificexamples to share during the interview..
20. In your current (last) position, what features do (did) you like the most? Theleast?Be careful and be positive. Describe more features that you liked than disliked. Dontcite personality problems. If you make your last job sound terrible, an interviewer maywonder why you remained there until now.21. What do you think of your boss?Be as positive as you can. A potential boss is likely to wonder if you might talk abouthim in similar terms at some point in the future.22. Why arent you earning more at your age?Say that this is one reason that you are conducting this job search. Dont be defensive.23. What do you feel this position should pay?Salary is a delicate topic. We suggest that you defer tying yourself to a precise figurefor as long as you can do so politely. You might answer the question with a question:"Perhaps you can help me on this one. Can you tell me if there is a range for similarjobs in the organization?"24. What are your long-range goals?Refer back to the planning phase of your job search. Dont answer, "I want the jobyouve advertised." Relate your goals to the company you are interviewing: in a firmlike yours, I would like to..."25. What Has Been The Greatest Disappointment In Your Life?Your response to the question will help the interviewer determine know how easily youare discouraged.If possible, tell about a personal disappointment i.e. the early death of a parent, child,or school friend. Believe it or not, it is okay to have not had a "greatest"disappointment.26. What Are You Passionate About?When youre asked during a job interview its a good opportunity to share what isimportant in your life. Its also an opportunity to show your dedication and whatsimportant to you.Your response doesnt need to be work focused, but do be sure that what you shareisnt something that could potential cut in to your working hours.For example, you dont want to say that youre a mountain climber with the goal ofclimbing Mountain Everest or that youre getting ready for the Tour de France orlooking to spend the winter skiing in the Alps.
27. What will you do if you dont get this position?When youre interviewing for an internal position within your company, you may beasked what you will do if you dont get the job. The interviewer wants to know whetheryou are concerned about just the advancement opportunity or the company.I am committed to this company and its advancement so, should I not be selected, I willwork with and support whoever might get selected. However, I do feel that myexperience in the department and with the team would make me the best candidate.REFERENCEIn part reprinted from FOCUS Magazine -- January 5, 1983 found online.Robert Johnson, QUDOS Director, own question and answersGlasbergen cartoon: www.glasbergen.com