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Our hidden heritage tullie house lunch time talk 02 oct 2012 web


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The contribution of Black and Minority Ethnic people in the cultural heritage of Cumbria

In celebration of Black History Month, Sardar Aftab Khan, AWAZ Cumbria, will explore the origins of Black and Minority Ethnic People in Cumbria, their current population and contribution in socio-economic, civic and cultural life of Cumbria

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Our hidden heritage tullie house lunch time talk 02 oct 2012 web

  1. 1. Tullie House – Lunch Time Talks 2 October 2012, 13:00- 13:30Guest Speaker - Sardar Aftab Khan Development Officer AWAZ Cumbria
  2. 2. Our Hidden Heritage• Black History Month• The origins of Black and Minority Ethnic People (BME) in Cumbria• Contribution in the socio-economic, civic and cultural life of Cumbria• Current population• Resources for Further Information
  3. 3. Black History Month• “Until lions write their own history, the tale of the hunt will always glorify the hunter.” (African proverb)• The origins of BHM go back to 1926.• The first Black History Month event in the UK was held on 1st October 1987.• Black History Celebrations in Cumbria
  4. 4. The Origin of BME people in CumbriaWest African Proverb Sankofa “we must go back and reclaim our past, in order to understand why and how we came to be who we are today.”
  5. 5. The Slave Trade in 1783Source: Quaker Tapestry © by Margery Levy; embroidered at the Quaker Tapestry Centre at Kendal, Cumbria
  6. 6. Cumbria‟s Connection with SlaveTrade In Cumbria, 4 Parishes: St Nicholas‟s and St James‟s churches in Whitehaven, St Mary‟s in Carlisle and St. Martin‟s in Windermere document baptisms, marriages and deaths of „blackamoors‟, „Black servants‟ „Negro men‟ and „Negro paupers‟. John Bolton (1756–1837) was a Cumbrian who made a fortune as a Liverpool slave trader and used his proceeds from Slave trade to buy Storrs Hall Hotel- Windermere in 1806. The people from Cumbria who were known as slave traders or involved in businesses linked to slave trade from Ulverston area include John Addison, Robert Dodson, Richard Millerson and Thomas Woodburne other names from South Cumbria includes James Sawrey (Hawkshead), Samuel Simondson (Urswick), Joseph Fayrer (Milnthorpe) and Joseph Threlfall, Henry Tindall and James Penny (Furness). Source: The abominable traffic (p.11)
  7. 7. South CumbriaTomb of Rasselas Belfield in St. Martins Churchyard, Lake road, Windermere In memory Of Rasselas Belfield A native of Abyssinia Who departed this life on the 10th day of January 1822 Aged 32 years A slave by birth: I left my native land and found my freedom on Britannias strand: Blest isle! Thou glory of the wise and free!Thy touch alone unbinds the chains of slavery! S.A.Khan at Rasselas Belfied Tomb - Photo taken on 11-09-2012
  8. 8. Rasilais Bellefield- Historic RecordsBaptism Record at Windermere Church (1802-1803) - April 17th 1803Burial Record in the Parish of Windermere in the County ofWestmoreland in the Year (1821-1822, Pg. 17- No 134) – July 19th 1822Source: Kendal Records office – (Max Clark, 2012)
  9. 9. Rasillas Belfield Brought to England Major Taylor, who had bought him as a child aged about 13 . His was Baptised on 17 April 1803 at Windermere Church as Rasilais Bellfield, Captain Taylors servant of Bellfield. „Rasillas was probably born a Muslim.‟ Taylor is said to have been engaged, with his regiment, in the campaign of the East India Company Army against Tippu Saib, celebrated ruler of Mysore, South India, which culminated in Tippus death in 1799.Source: English Heritage (listing) - List Entry Number: 1392853
  10. 10. Rasillas Belfield Rasillass surname was taken from Belfield (q.v.) House built on the shore of Lake Windermere by Isabella Taylor in 1794. Isabellas husband, Peter Taylor, was a West India merchant based in Whitehaven. The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abyssinia was a popular novel by Samuel Johnson, published in 1759. The inscription on Rasillass headstone demonstrates that by 1822 at least, the Taylor family had been convinced of the iniquity of slavery. William Wilberforce lead the campaign which resulted in The Abolition of the Slave Trade Act . „Wilberforce may personally have influenced the Taylors; between 1780 and 1788 he had rented Rayrigg Hall from Isabellas family.‟Source: English Heritage (listing) - List Entry Number: 1392853
  11. 11. West Cumbria  “The Whitehaven slave trade lasted from 1710-1769 during which 69 slave voyages were fitted out.”  In1700- One of the 1st times a black slave, Ms. Jane, shared a white person‟s burial plot in England at St. Nicolas‟ Churchyard, Whitehaven.  William Miller (1816-56), A Whitehaven tanner played key role in ending slavery in the western world.  In 2007 Copeland Council formally apologised for Whitehaven‟s role in Slave Source: Image from Rum Story Museum- Whitehaven Trade.
  12. 12. “Darkie Joe”- Workington “Darkie Joe” (real name unknown) is known to be the first black person who lived in Church Lane, Workington in the early 20th century, Russell W Barnes ( 2009). His photo was displayed at Lake College on 15 July 2002. He lived in Workington between 1920-1930 and used to carry people‟s bags at Workington railway station. According to the information of Mrs Mary Jackson, Maryport. W2/65_Workington_x_1905c_portrait; He was a very mild mannered, "Darky Joe“ quite and well behaved man. Source:http://www.pastpresented.ukart.Source: Carlisle Archive Centre com/workpixfr.htm
  13. 13. North CumbriaThe Children of Slavery John Kent – Carlisle John Kent lived in Carlisle during the 1820s and 1830s. On leaving the police force in 1844, he went to work for the North West Railway. Records show that Johns father was Thomas Kent who was brought from the West Indies to work as a servant by the Senhouse family who came from Maryport. Source: Research by Susan Dench, Carlisle Record Office
  14. 14. Contributions in Socio-economic, Civic and Cultural life of Cumbria Sports - Rugby, Football Health and Social care- Doctors, Nurses and other professionals Education - Teachers, Lecturers and Professors Economy - From Slave trade to Solar Panels Local Government - Councillors and Public Servants Voluntary and Community Sector Cultural life and Heritage
  15. 15. A Martian in Cumbria- The freeman ofthe Borough of Allerdale: CecThompson Born On The Wrong Side- Autobiography 1995 Cec’s nickname was “Darkie”. Real name: Theodore Cecil Thompson, (12 July 1926 – 19 July 2011) born in Birtley, Co Durham. The second black man to play rugby league for Great Britain 1951. Cec was the first Black professional rugby player in Cumbria. Workington (1953-60) Barrow (1960-62) He once joked: “I was like a Martian in Cumbria – but a very popular one.” He became freeman of the Borough of Alerdale in 2003. Source: Miror News
  16. 16. Cumbria‟s 1st Black Professional Footballer: Peter Foley MBE Peter Foley MBE is the 1st Black professional footballer in Cumbria. He joined Workington FC in February 1965. He is the 1st Cumbrian Pioneers of Black British Football Award holder. He is also one of the 1st Black Cumbrian who has received the honour of MBE from the Her Majesty the Queen in April 2003. He is the founding Chair of AWAZ Cumbria: the 1st BME countywide
  17. 17. Current population Ethnicity (Black & Minority Ethnic Groups) Estimated Resident Population Table 2: Ethnic profile for Cumbria (2001 and 2007) White British Area All Groups BME (number) BME (%) White British (%) (number)Cumbria 496,900 19,700 4.0 477,200 96Allerdale 94,500 3,200 3.4 91,300 96.6Barrow 71,800 2,900 4 68,900 96Carlisle 103,500 4,200 4.1 99,300 95.9Copeland 70,400 2,400 3.4 68,000 96.6Eden 51,900 1,800 3.5 50,100 96.5South Lakeland 104,900 5,400 5.1 99,500 94.9
  18. 18. References British Listed Buildings: Storrs Hall, Windermere, [online], available at (last accessed 12 August 2012) British History: Abolition, [online], available at (last accessed 17 September 20120 Byrne, P. (2011) Remarkable story of Cec Thompson, black rugby league pioneer, [online], (accessed 26 September 2012) English Heritage: List Entry. TOMB OF RASSELAS BELFIELD IN ST. MARTINS CHURCHYARD, [online], (accessed 26 September 2012) English Heritage: The slave trade and plantation wealth, [online], available at http://www.english- trade-and-plantation-wealth/ (last accessed 12 August 2012) McGowan, P. (2006). Our Slavery Shame, [online], available at (last accessed 10 September 2010) Richardson, D., Schwarz, S., and Tibbles, A. (2007: 135) Liverpool and Transatlantic Slavery. Liverpool, Liverpool University Press. Rob David (ed.)„The Abominable Traffic‟ : Cumbria‟s connections to the history and legacy of slavery. A Teacher‟s Resource Pack (Arts Council/Creative Partnerships, 2006). Badger Press Ltd. Sayer, W. (1847: 252-62). History of Westmorland, 2 vols , I, Seeman, E.R. (2010) Sources and Interpretations : Reassessing the “Sankofa Symbol” in New York‟s African Burial Ground. ( last accessed 10 September 2012) The Rum Story and Jafferson Family, [online], available at (last accessed