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Trends in DDoS and Bots for 2019: Featuring Guest Speaker from IDC

Join this webinar with guest speaker Cathy Huang, Associate Research Director for IDC’s Asia/Pacific Services Research Group and Cloudflare, recently named a Leader in the IDC MarketScape: Worldwide DDoS Prevention Solutions 2019 Vendor Assessment (Doc #US43699318, March 2019).

In this webinar, you will learn:
- Why defending against only volumetric layer 3 and 4 attacks will leave you vulnerable to other emerging DDoS attack vectors
- What economic and technological shifts are making DDoS more harmful and more evasive
- Why bot management should be considered in every DDoS mitigation strategy
- Which types of companies in APAC are highly targeted and why

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Trends in DDoS and Bots for 2019: Featuring Guest Speaker from IDC

  1. 1. Trends in DDoS and Bots for 2019 Featuring Guest Speaker from IDC
  2. 2. What you will learn today 2 How is DDoS evolving? Why should bot management also be part of your DDoS mitigation strategy? How Cloudflare helps you address these challenges
  3. 3. Today’s Speakers Timothy Fong Product Marketing Lead, Security Solutions @ Cloudflare Cathy Huang Associate Research Director, Services and Security @ IDC Asia/Pacific
  4. 4. We are helping build a better Internet 4
  5. 5. 5 Cloudflare Security Vision Provide world-class visibility, controls, and guided configurations so that customers of any size and technical sophistication can keep their Internet property safe and secure without sacrificing speed and performance 5
  6. 6. A Global Anycast Network 165+Data centers globally 2.8B Monthly active visitors generating 1.3 trillion page view 10%Internet requests everyday 8MRequests/second websites, apps & APIs in 150+ countries 13M+ 2x Speed up each request by
  7. 7. Rate Limiting SSL L3/4 DDoS Protection ` We secure traffic end-to-end, providing a layered defense Request Passed! Bot Management WAFDNS/DNSSEC Argo Tunnel 7 Orbit Spectrum EXTEND WorkersAccess CONTROL 7 L7 DDoS Protection
  8. 8. Factors increasing exposure to security risks Greater scrutiny by government and media around data, privacy and security Greater attack surface area from more public APIs, moving to the cloud, and increasing third-party integrations Stronger and more sophisticated attackers
  9. 9. IDC MarketScape: WW DDoS Prevention Solutions IDC MarketScape vendor analysis model is designed to provide an overview of the competitive fitness of ICT suppliers in a given market. The research methodology utilizes a rigorous scoring methodology based on both qualitative and quantitative criteria that results in a single graphical illustration of each vendor’s position within a given market. The Capabilities score measures vendor product, go-to-market and business execution in the short-term. The Strategy score measures alignment of vendor strategies with customer requirements in a 3-5-year timeframe. Vendor market share is represented by the size of the icons. Cloudflare is positioned as a Leader in the IDC MarketScape: Worldwide DDoS Prevention Solutions 2019 Assessment According to IDC, Cloudflare Strengths are its "unique architecture" and "rapid on-boarding process which is considered one of the easiest and fastest in the industry." Source: IDC MarketScape: Worldwide DDoS Prevention Solutions 2019 Vendor Assessment, by Martha Vazquez, March 2019, IDC #US43699318 Report Link: here
  10. 10. Presenter Bio 10© IDC Cathy Huang Associate Research Director, Services and Security, IDC Asia/Pacific Cathy Huang is Associate Research Director for IDC’s Asia/Pacific Services Research Group and Asia/Pacific Security practice. Ms. Huang draws on her extensive industry experience and domain expertise across a broad range of ICT segments, such as security, IT and business services, and cloud, which have been developed from extensive research and consulting work across the Asia/Pacific (AP) region.
  11. 11. Asia -- Top Cyber Attack Target as well as Origin 11© IDC ▪ Asia is growingly becoming a key target for DDoS and botnet attacks Source: IDC IoT WW Spend, 2018 and various media clips, 2016 -2018 46% Of WW IoT spend come from Asia/Pacific. Asia is not only being a fast-growing market from the demand perspective for IoT, but also a key manufacturer for many IoT devices.
  12. 12. Top Trends in Today’s DDoS Attacks 12© IDC ▪ Volumetric attack; TCP exhaustion ; Application layer; Multi-vector ▪ Volumetric to various types of DDoS attacks, e.g. TCP exhaustion , application layer, multi-vector ▪ IoT connected devices is becoming a major force behind DDoS attacks ▪ Highly profitable and low entry (e.g. Script Kiddies) ▪ Convergence of DDoS attack and fraud (e.g. targeting at business logics)
  13. 13. Prominent Types of DDoS Attacks 13© IDC Q. What type of attacks did you experience? ToCSource: IDC DDoS Prevention Survey, January 2018, n=140 ● TCP exhaustion - focuses on web servers, firewalls, and load balancers to disrupt connections, thus exhausting the finite number of concurrent connections devices can support ● Application layer attacks (also known as Layer 7 attacks) -- specifically targets weaknesses in an application or server with the goal of establishing a connection and exhausting it by monopolizing processes and transactions ● Multivector attacks combine volumetric attacks, stateful exhaustion attacks, and application-layer attacks ○ DDoS attacks with ransom requests ○ DDoS attacks as smoke screen
  14. 14. Over 50% of Respondents Had Been Attacked Between 1-10 Times in the Past Year With Over 60% Attacks Lasting an Average of 0-10 Hours 14© IDC Q. How frequently did your organization experience a DDoS attack in the past year? Q. If you experienced a DDoS attack, on average, how long did the attack last? ToCSource: DDoS Prevention Survey, January 2018, IDC Frequency of Attacks Duration of Attacks
  15. 15. 15 DDoS Attacks Target Business Logic • Web & Mobile Application layer dealing with end-users becomes a major target for cyber criminals (e.g. digital banking users, ticket/hotel online booking, or any digital services) • Automation is now a key tool in the arsenal of cyber criminals to exploit the weakest links in the app layer especially the payment gateways CREDIT CARD 1234 9876 2345 7654 • Digital transactions have grown exponentially across multiple industries • Attacker no longer only focusing on compromising credentials & breaching networks but targeting business logic • Multi- vector attack -- DDoS attack as smokescreen Business loss not only caused by unavailability of services , but also • Denial of profit: Enterprises denied of their profit through fraud (e.g. during flash deals) • Denial of customer satisfaction or diminished customer loyalty: Legitimate customers denied service causing dissatisfaction ( e.g. during promotions)
  16. 16. 16© IDC Q. Which type of DDoS mitigation solutions do you use? ToC Source: DDoS Prevention Survey, January 2018, IDC n =138 & IDC Security Services survey n=303 Adoption Trends in DDoS Mitigation Solutions 47% Of organizations are using hybrid DDoS Defense combines on-premise with cloud-based mitigation Asia/Pacific organizations are moving to the cloud and ; on-prem in Asia/Pacific drops by 20% in 3 years
  17. 17. Top Cybersecurity Objectives across Asia/Pacific 17© IDC, 2019 Asia/Pacific Specific Markets Top 1 Reduce the number of security incidents (38.6%) South Korea (70%) Hong Kong (63%) Taiwan (57%) China (48%) Top 2 Comply with regulations (38.1%) Australia (83%) New Zealand (60%) Philippines (50%) Singapore (47%) Top 3 Optimize security spending (37.3%) India (50%) Malaysia (50%) Taiwan (47%) Philippines (43%) Q: Please select up to 5 cybersecurity objectives that your organization is pursuing over the next 12 to 18 months. n = 402 Base = All Respondents Source: IDC Asia/Pacific 2018 Digital Trust and Cybersecurity Economics Survey , January 2019, IDC
  18. 18. Leading DDoS Prevention and Mitigation Vendors 18© IDC Q. What type of service provider and/or vendor does your organization use or DDoS Prevention and mitigation? Please Select all that apply. ToC Source: IDC MarketScape: Worldwide DDoS Prevention Solutions 2019 Vendor Assessment, March 2019 Organizations are turning to a variety of providers and vendors to assist with DDoS protection. • Provide advanced value-added features and capabilities such as real-time monitoring, threat intelligence, web application firewall (WAF), advanced analytics, forensics, etc. • Demonstrate pricing models that are flexible for the customer. • Ensure flexible deployment options that work for the organization • Demonstrate quick onboarding methods. • Provide expertise, support, and experience.
  19. 19. ▪ Get the facts. To assess the imminent risk and determine what action to take and, perhaps more importantly, communicate to senior management, you must determine who, what, where, when, and how at a broad level. ▪ Identify, friend or foe. With facts in hand, now you can determine whether your organization is a target, in line for collateral damage, or reasonably unaffected. ▪ Take action. If you haven't planned for an outage or the attack exceeds your capacity, your immediate response options are limited to network reconfiguration or isolation (e.g., pulling the plug). ▪ Spread the (accurate) word. With major outages, communication is key. Remember, there could be all sorts of rumors spreading that can only be addressed with specifics of the organization's plan. ▪ Kick the tires. Even if your organization is not the target, these are excellent real-world scenarios that allow organizations to work through their protection mechanisms as if they are affected. ▪ Watch your back. Perhaps the more insidious opportunity for attackers during big splashy failures like these is to execute targeted attacks undercover, using the event as a distraction. ▪ Be a good neighbor. In today's interconnected world, your technical presence on the internet affects others. Downstream liability due to perceived negligence is a budding concern for many. © IDC 19 The CIOs’ Seven-Step Checklist for Internet Availability Source: IDC #US41895416, Nov2016 DNS DDoS Debacle: The CIO's Seven-Step Checklist for Internet Availability
  20. 20. Timothy Fong Security Lead, Product Marketing Manager @ Cloudflare
  21. 21. Industry Legacy Scrubbing vs. Cloudflare Always-On 21 Industry Legacy Scrubbing - Long propagation times (up to 300 sec) - Asynchronous routing - Adds significant latency - Typically requires manual intervention Always-On - Zero propagation time - Synchronous routing - No added latency - Immediate, automated mitigation, with no “cut over” required
  22. 22. Cloudflare DDoS Solution 22 Protect Non HTTP Ports Spectrum protects non-HTTP ports open to the Internet with the same distributed architecture Custom Rate Limiting Customers can tune Layer 7 protections to their specific applications and traffic profile through rate limiting rules. Resilient DNS Cloudlare’s resilient DNS protects customers from going down because their DNS is overwhelmed by a volumetric attack. Always On DDoS With automatic heuristics and a distributed Anycast network, Cloudflare’s Always On DDoS detects and mitigates Layer ¾ and Layer 7 attacks at scale.
  23. 23. Cloudflare DDoS Differentiation 23 Easy Deployment Easy to turn-on protections that mitigate within minutes and remain “always on” without requiring ongoing maintenance or configuration. Integrated Our integration with Bot Management and Firewall Rules gives additional capabilities from a single control plane. Scale As our network continues to grows, so does our capacity and data-driven insight to block attacks automatically.
  24. 24. Bot Management Use Cases Attempts to log into and take-over a user’s account by automatically applying previously stolen account credentials Steals public information from a website Adds malicious content to web properties such as forums and registration forms Credential Stuffing Content Scraping Content Spam Fraudulently purchases goods to deprive legitimate customers or resell for a higher price Inventory Hoarding Credit Card Stuffing Tries to validate stolen credit cards to then make fraudulent purchases 24
  25. 25. Cloudflare Next Gen Bot Management One-Click Deployment ● With a single click, deploy rules with Cloudflare recommended bot score thresholds ● No instrumentation with third-party JavaScript required Control and Configurability ● Scope rules by path or URI pattern, request method, and bot score thresholds ● Select mitigation methods, such as log, CAPTCHA, or block Rich Analytics and Logs ● Time-series graphs with drill-down tables ● Logs bot management rule, action, and rich request meta-data for every request Detect and mitigate bad bots by leveraging intelligence from over 13 million Internet properties. All with one click.
  26. 26. Cloudflare Bot Management Methods Machine Learning Cloudflare’s ML trains on a curated subset of 425 billion requests per day across 13M+ Internet properties to create a reliable “bot score” for every request. Behavioral Analysis Behavioral analysis detects anomalies in site-specific traffic, scoring every request on how different it is from the baseline. Automatic Whitelist Because not all bots are bad, the solution automatically maintains and updates a white list of "good" bots, such as those belonging to search engines. Mobile SDK The mobile SDK prevents attacks against mobile application APIs by impersonation and emulation bots. 26 Detection Protection
  27. 27. Cloudflare Bot Management Differentiation 27 Integrated Complete not Complex Cloudflare Bot Management is best-in-class as a stand-alone solution and as integrated with WAF, CDN and DDoS protection: ● Streamlines deployment by integrating with a CDN and smart routing for origin traffic. ● Shares control plane through UI and API with WAF and Firewall Rules for better consistency and lower context switching ● Gives a holistic view through common analytics and logs Deploys a bot management solution against a full range of bot attacks with a single click: ● Deploys protections against content/price scraping, credential and credit card stuffing, content spam, and inventory hoarding -- all in one click. ● Fingerprints all traffic without requiring Javascript injection ● Suggested rules work out-of-the box. No fiddling and endless configuration required to get solid results Smart Data Cloudflare Bot Management leverages the trillions of requests per day processed from protecting 13M+ Internet properties: ● Machine learning trains on data curated from 425B requests per day and analyzed on a state-of-the-art GPU cluster ● Our data set contains traffic from over 150 countries ● Learnings from one website are immediately applied to the whole network
  28. 28. Summary 28 How DDoS is evolving Why should bot management also be part of your DDoS mitigation strategy How Cloudflare helps you address these challenges
  29. 29. Questions?
  30. 30. Thank You

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