Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

The Rise of Fascism

19,736 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics, Spiritual

The Rise of Fascism

  1. 1. The Rise of Fascism Glorification of Power
  2. 3. Etymology of Fascism <ul><li>Italian dictator Benito Mussolini coined the term in 1919, referring to the Roman symbol for “power through unity” – a bundle of reeds called “fasces,” individually weak but collectively strong. </li></ul>
  3. 4. What is Fascism? <ul><li>a form of nationalistic and authoritarian government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>initially emerged in Italy under Benito Mussolini in 1919 </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. More About Fascism <ul><li>supremacy of the nation and its leader above all else </li></ul><ul><li>demands discipline and devotion from the individual members of society </li></ul><ul><li>extremely militaristic </li></ul><ul><li>adopt aggressive policies toward other countries </li></ul>
  5. 6. Fascism and Totalitarianism <ul><li>Fascist ideology is totalitarian, which means a political system that controls every aspect of life, so that there is no private sphere or independent organizations. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Fascism Throughout History <ul><li>typically, fascism has appeared in countries with turbulent economic, social, and political conditions in addition to limited experience with democratic institutions and traditions </li></ul>
  7. 8. Fascism in Power <ul><li>M arginalizing and demonizing racial and religious minority groups </li></ul><ul><li>Linking elites and dominant religious institutions and ideals </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting sexist attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting militarism and obsession with national security; dismissing ignoring, or violating “human rights” </li></ul><ul><li>Centralizing control of mass media by eliminating oppositional media, rewarding compliant media, and censoring/controlling media content </li></ul>
  8. 9. Fascism in Power <ul><li>Consolidating economic control by promoting plutocracy*, state support of corporate interests, and suppression of labor organization. </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidating ‘cultural’ control by suppression of intellectual and artistic freedoms, attacking higher education, standardizing public school curricula. </li></ul><ul><li>plutocracy = A government or state in which the wealthy rule </li></ul>
  9. 10. Fascism in Power <ul><li>Consolidating political power through widespread use of corruption and cronyism* </li></ul><ul><li>Use of fraudulent election and plebiscite* practices that support elite interests </li></ul><ul><li>cronyism = Favoritism shown to old friends without regard for their qualifications, as in political appointments to office </li></ul><ul><li>plebiscite = A vote in which a population exercises the right of national self-determination </li></ul>
  10. 11. Fascism in Power <ul><li>Imposing draconian criminal justice practices, including expanding the definition of ‘crime,’ instituting harsher punishment practices, and eliminating alternatives to incarceration </li></ul><ul><li>Draconian = Exceedingly harsh; very severe </li></ul>
  11. 12. Fascist Principles <ul><li>Anti-individualistic </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-democratic </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-egalitarian </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-capitalist </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-pacifist </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-internationalist </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-conservative </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-intellectual </li></ul>
  12. 13. Examples of Fascism <ul><li>Italy under Mussolini (1919-1943) </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal under Salizar (1922-1968) </li></ul><ul><li>Germany under Hitler (1933-1945) </li></ul><ul><li>Spain under Franco (1938-1975) </li></ul><ul><li>Argentina under Juan Peron (1946-55) </li></ul><ul><li>Chile under Pinochet (1973-1990) </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq under Saddam Hussein (1970s – 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa apartheid regime for blacks </li></ul><ul><li>(1945-1990) </li></ul>

×