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Supporting 21st Century Literacy with Blogs and Podcasts


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Published in: Technology, Education

Supporting 21st Century Literacy with Blogs and Podcasts

  1. 1. Teaching in a Participatory Culture How blogs and podcasts support 21 st century literacy Jennifer Carrier Dorman
  2. 2. In times of change, learners inherit the Earth, while the learned find themselves beautifully equipped to deal with a world that no longer exists. Eric Hoffer
  3. 3. Who Are These Digital Natives?
  4. 4. How were they created? Image courtesy of dharmacat
  5. 5. How were they created? Image courtesy of Gerard Bierens
  6. 6. Image courtesy of Wesley Fryer
  7. 7. Learning Profile of Digital Natives <ul><li>Digital Natives are used to receiving information really fast. </li></ul><ul><li>They like to parallel process and multi-task. </li></ul><ul><li>They prefer their graphics before their text rather than the opposite. </li></ul>Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants – Marc Prensky Image courtesy of Jason Bradley
  8. 8. Learning Profile of Digital Natives <ul><li>They prefer random access (like hypertext). </li></ul><ul><li>They function best when networked. </li></ul><ul><li>They thrive on instant gratification and frequent rewards. </li></ul><ul><li>They prefer games to “serious” work. </li></ul>Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants – Marc Prensky Image courtesy of 46137
  9. 9. Learn More About Digital Natives <ul><li> </li></ul>Image courtesy of Graphic Footprints
  10. 10. Web 2.0 The evolution of the read/write web
  11. 11. Web 1.0  Web 2.0
  12. 12. Blogs Giving students a voice
  13. 13. Blogs <ul><li>A blog is a website for which an individual or a group frequently generates text, photographs, video or audio files, and/or links, typically (but not always) on a daily basis. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Blogs in Plain English
  15. 15. Why the sudden popularity of blogs? <ul><li>The answer is RSS </li></ul>
  16. 16. What is RSS? <ul><li>Depending on who you talk to, RSS stands for Rich Site Summary or Real Simple Syndication </li></ul>
  17. 17. RSS – Really Simple Syndication
  18. 18. Ask an Expert . . . <ul><li>Excerpts from Will Richardson’s publication, RSS: A Quick Start Guide for Educators </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Will’s Blog </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Will’s Book </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. What is RSS? <ul><li>This code, usually referred to as a &quot;feed,&quot; makes it possible for readers to &quot;subscribe&quot; to the content that is created on a particular website so they no longer have to visit the site itself to get it. </li></ul>
  20. 20. RSS – Really Simple Syndication
  21. 21. RSS – Really Simple Syndication
  22. 22. RSS Syndication <ul><li>As is true with traditional syndication, the content comes to you instead of you going to get it, hence “Real Simple Syndication.” </li></ul>
  23. 23. Applications for RSS Feeds <ul><li>An RSS aggregator checks the feeds you subscribe to and it collects all the new content from those sites you are subscribed to. </li></ul>
  24. 24. RSS – Really Simple Syndication
  25. 25. Blogs in Schools
  26. 26. Blogs in School? <ul><li>Blogs are tools, and like any tools they can be used or misused. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Misuse occurs more often when there's a lack of instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogging in school models appropriate online behavior and offers teachers the chance to address issues of online safety and intellectual property </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Why Students Shouldn’t Blog <ul><li>People will read it. </li></ul><ul><li>People might not like it. </li></ul><ul><li>They might share test answers with others. </li></ul><ul><li>They might be found by a child predator online </li></ul><ul><li>They might write something inappropriate. </li></ul><ul><li>They might find something inappropriate. </li></ul><ul><li>They might get other students to start blogging. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Why Students Should Blog <ul><li>People will read it. </li></ul><ul><li>They might like it. </li></ul><ul><li>They might share what they've learned with others. </li></ul><ul><li>They might participate in a collaborative learning project. </li></ul><ul><li>They might become inspired to learn. </li></ul><ul><li>They might inspire others to learn. </li></ul><ul><li>They might get other students to start blogging. </li></ul><ul><li>If they don't talk in class, they might on a blog. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Blogging Tips for Students <ul><li>Just because someone wrote it doesn't mean it's true. </li></ul><ul><li>You are writing for a GLOBAL audience. Don't get angry when a teacher, classmate, or (oh my gosh!) parent finds and reads your blog. </li></ul><ul><li>You are also writing for a LOCAL audience. The content of your posts should always be safe for discussion in class. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Blogging Tips for Teachers <ul><li>Get permission slips from the parents before you even think of having your students in a blog. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Integration Ideas Ways that blogs can be incorporated
  32. 32. Daily Scribe – What we did today
  33. 33. Extending Class Discussion
  34. 34. Student Work Showcase
  35. 35. Student-Initiated Content
  36. 36. Student Sharing
  37. 37. Students Making a Difference
  38. 38. Successful Tips for “Book” Blogs <ul><li>Get comfortable with blogging </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a relevant book [article, topic, etc.] </li></ul><ul><li>Devise interesting questions </li></ul><ul><li>Solicit the author’s involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Welcome bloggers [experts] from outside the classroom </li></ul>Erik Langhorst – “The Dixie Clicks” 12/1/2006
  39. 39. Blog Hosting <ul><li>Blogmeister – (school code required) </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Edublogs – ( personal professional blogs ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blogger – ( personal professional blogs ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>21 Classes – (free service is limited) </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. Getting Started <ul><li>Surf a few educational blogs to get a feel for how teachers use them with students and also as part of their professional learning </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorm application ideas for blogs in your classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Decide if your needs require a service that allows for all students to have a private blog in addition to the class blog </li></ul><ul><li>Sign up for a service and start blogging (it’s addictive!) </li></ul>
  41. 41. To Learn More . . .
  42. 42. Podcasts
  43. 43. Podcasts <ul><li>iPod + Broadcast = Podcast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amateur radio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Podcasting is the method of distributing multimedia files over the Internet using RSS syndication formats for playback on mobile devices and personal computers. </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. Why use podcasts? Image courtesy of Zinkwazi
  45. 45. Why use podcasts? <ul><li>Podcasts enable students to share their knowledge and expertise with others through a creative outlet. </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts tap into a mode of media input that is commonplace for digital natives. </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts empower students to form relationships with the content and each other in relevant ways. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Why use podcasts? <ul><li>Podcasting is yet another way for them [students] to be creating and contributing ideas to a larger conversation, and it’s a way of archiving that contribution for future audiences to use. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will Richardson, Blogs, Wikis, Podcasts and Other Powerful Web Tools for Classrooms </li></ul></ul>
  47. 47. How can podcasts be used? <ul><li>In the classroom, educators and students can use podcasts to inform others about class news, current events, and areas of interest. </li></ul><ul><li>Students can use a podcast forum to persuade their peers to help others, make a difference, or try something new. </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts can also be used to edutain others through creative narratives. </li></ul>
  48. 48. How can podcasts be used? <ul><li>Podcasts engage students in thinking critically about their speaking fluency and communication skills. </li></ul><ul><li>The opportunity to create a podcast about what students would like to discuss and share with others is extremely motivating. </li></ul>
  49. 49. Integration Ideas <ul><li>sequencing skills </li></ul><ul><li>planning sheets </li></ul><ul><li>sharing student work with the community </li></ul><ul><li>authentic audience </li></ul><ul><li>create characters out of literature </li></ul><ul><li>peer tutoring </li></ul>
  50. 50. Integration Ideas <ul><li>improve fluency in reading </li></ul><ul><li>expression and speed </li></ul><ul><li>increases awareness of how they sound thus more practice </li></ul><ul><li>student input into community/world/historical issues </li></ul><ul><li>historical recounts </li></ul><ul><li>create a podcast to download for schools to use on field trips </li></ul>
  51. 51. Integration Ideas <ul><li>notes for absent students (substitutes) </li></ul><ul><li>bring experts and knowledge to students </li></ul><ul><li>daily information </li></ul><ul><li>immediate access to information </li></ul><ul><li>second language learning enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>immediate feedback and communication </li></ul>
  52. 52. Integration Ideas <ul><li>auditory modality of learning </li></ul><ul><li>forces students to focus on content </li></ul><ul><li>audio book reports </li></ul><ul><li>study guides </li></ul><ul><li>diminishes fear of public speaking </li></ul><ul><li>school information </li></ul><ul><li>school tours </li></ul>
  53. 53. Ways I Have Used Podcasts <ul><li>Narratives </li></ul><ul><li>Conversations </li></ul><ul><li>Oral histories </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary and/or concept practice </li></ul><ul><li>Pod-tours </li></ul><ul><li>Unit or topic podcasts as overview of unit </li></ul><ul><li>Oral reports </li></ul><ul><li>Supplement instructional materials with existing podcasts created by others </li></ul><ul><li>Information for parents </li></ul><ul><li>Previews/reviews of course material </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiate research products for LS students </li></ul>
  54. 54. Class Unit Podcast Segments Select one event or decision and hypothesize about what would have happened if the result had been different Rewind the Mind Discuss the economic impacts of one event, trend, law, etc. Business Report Explain the motivation for and effects of one new cultural trend Cultural Commentary Define and explain the impact of one invention or innovation Innovation Station Explain and use two vocabulary words Vocab Vibes Overview one governmental/political trend Political Policy
  55. 55. Class Unit Podcast Segments Responsible for sewing together all the podcasts segments – creating intro and outro segments, adding transitions and music, and crediting contributors Intro/Outro Explain the motivation for and effects of one law or court case Legal Learning Select one event, law, trend, individual, etc. and provide your personal opinion Editorial Edition Review one Internet site – giving specific details about the contents of the site Web Wowzers Explain what it was like to grow up in this era Kids' Korner Interview one character Living History
  56. 56. Jumping in with both feet . . . <ul><li>Listen to a few podcasts online </li></ul><ul><ul><li>iTunes > Source List > Podcasts > Education </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Get a feel for the genre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Podcasts are not “polished” – production value is secondary to the content </li></ul></ul>
  57. 57. Creating a Podcast <ul><li>Write your script. </li></ul><ul><li>Practice. </li></ul><ul><li>Record your audio file. ( Audacity ) </li></ul><ul><li>Edit your audio (Effect > Normalize) </li></ul><ul><li>Add and credit legally useable music (optional) </li></ul><ul><li>File > Save Project. </li></ul><ul><li>File > Export as MP3 > Edit ID3 Tags </li></ul><ul><li>Upload the MP3 file to a web server. ( GCast ) </li></ul>
  58. 58. Audacity Open-source cross-platform audio editing software
  59. 59. Downloading Audacity
  60. 60. Downloading the LAME MP3 Encoder
  61. 61. eBook Resource
  62. 62. Setting Preferences <ul><li>Edit > Preferences </li></ul>
  63. 63. Setting Preferences <ul><li>Channels > 2 (Stereo) </li></ul>
  64. 64. Setting Preferences <ul><li>Quality > 44100 Hz </li></ul>
  65. 65. Setting Preferences <ul><li>Find Library > select the location on the hard drive where the LAME MP3 Encoder folder was saved (most likely C > Program Files > Audacity) </li></ul>
  66. 66. Toolbar
  67. 71. Audio Layers in Audacity
  68. 72. Step 1 Record your voice by clicking the red record button and speaking into the microphone Step 2 When you are finished recording press the yellow stop button Step 3 Rewind and listen to your recording by pressing the purple rewind key and green play key
  69. 73. Step 4 Edit out any gaps or mistakes in the audio by using the “Selection Tool” that looks like the letter I. Highlight the text that you do not want and hit the delete button on your keyboard.
  70. 74. Editing Audio <ul><li>Edit > Select > All or Ctrl+A </li></ul>
  71. 75. Step 5 Time to add additional audio if desired. After you have downloaded your audio file, simply drag and drop your audio file in or click “Project” “Import Audio” and search for your file. Note, some files are in stereo and will show up as 2 different audio lines
  72. 76. Importing Audio <ul><li>Project > Import Audio </li></ul><ul><li>Podsafe Music – copyright laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for Creative Commons licenses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Credit all non-original audio </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Some of the music provided was from the PodShow Podsafe Music Network. Check it out at; </li></ul></ul>
  73. 77. Step 6 You can shift your audio and sound effects to the desired location, by using the Time Shift Tool Button
  74. 78. Editing Audio <ul><li>Effect > Normalize </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This should always be done </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other effects are optional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Cross Fade In’ and ‘Cross Fade Out’ are good options for multi-voice audio projects </li></ul></ul>
  75. 79. Step 7 If you want to save your project and continue working later, click “File” “Save Project” If you are finished, it is time to “Export As MP3”
  76. 80. ID3 Tags for MP3 Exporting <ul><li>Format > ID3v2 </li></ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>Artist </li></ul><ul><li>Genre </li></ul><ul><li>Comments </li></ul>
  77. 81. Publishing Your Podcasts - GCast
  78. 82. Podcasting Resources