RRU MALAT presentation

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RRU MALAT presentation

  1. 1. Clint Lalonde RRU, July 2015 Image: Into the Great Wide Open by Maarten van Maanen used under Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike license
  2. 2. Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution.
  3. 3. Connect the expertise, programs, and resources of all BC post-secondary institutions under a collaborative service delivery framework • Promote & support the development & use of Open Educational Resources • System wide initiatives to facilitate the enhancement of a high quality teaching & learning culture. Open Education & Professional Learning
  4. 4. BC Open Textbook Project 40 free & open textbooks for highest enrolled 1st & 2nd year post-secondary subjects in BC 2014 – 20 for skills & training First province in Canada 2014 – AB & SASK MOU $1 million 2014 - $1 million Visual notes of John Yap announcement, Giulia Forsythe Used under CC-SA license
  5. 5. Average student debt difficult to pay off, CBC, March 11, 2014 Student Debt in Canada, Canadian Federation of Students, Fall 2013 After three years of post-secondary schooling in Nova Scotia, Verge graduated in 2008 with about $25,000 of debt — just about the national average. More than five years later, she has only managed to pay back about $2,000. For people like Verge, high debt loads are not only a financial stress but can delay the time it takes individuals or couples to reach certain milestones, such as having children, getting married or owning property…
  6. 6. 39% 29% 19% 8% 5% How much students in Canada say they spend on textbooks per term $200 or less $200-$400 $400-$600 $600-$800 $800+ Data on Textbook Costs, Higher Education Strategy Association, published February 2015 Data gathered Fall 2012 n=1350
  7. 7. Course Textbook Bookstore Amazon CHEM 1105 Chemistry: The Central Science (lab manual) $215.00 $214.20 MATH 1501 Basic Technical Mathematics with Calculus $186.50 $140 MINE 1101 Laboratory Manual in Physical Geology $118.95 $155 COMM 1135 Writing for Success $45.95 $36.20 COMP 1620 New Perspectives on Computer Concepts $183.95 $165.25 New Perspectives on Microsoft Excel $137.95 $151.40 MINE 1100 Mineral Exploration and Mining Essentials $73.95 $89.95 MINE 1107 None - - PHYS 1147 Custom book & Lab Manual $37 n/a SURV 1145 None - - Total $999.25 $952 2 Year Mining Exploration Program Term 1 (of 4)
  8. 8. Why Textbooks Cost So Much, The Economist, August 16, 2014
  9. 9. Why textbook prices keep climbing Planet Money, NPR October 3, 2014
  10. 10. Principal/Agent Problem
  11. 11. “The cardinal lesson is that prices rise unchecked if the people who order the goods aren’t paying the prices.” The $250 Econ 101 Textbook, Craig Richardson, Wall Street Journal, Jan. 13, 2015
  12. 12. Drugs and Prescriptions Seth Anderson CC-BY-NC-SA
  13. 13. Cheapest Used Textbooks by Wesley Fryer CC-BY-SA
  14. 14. How students battled textbook publishers to a draw, Planet Money, NPR, Oct 9, 2014
  15. 15. How students battled textbook publishers to a draw, Planet Money, NPR, Oct 9, 2014 What is going on here?
  16. 16. 65% students have not purchased a textbook for a course during their academic career because of price Source: Fixing the Broken Textbook Market U.S. PIRG Cover image: Center for Public Interest Research used under CC-BY 4.0 license
  17. 17. Textbook Costs vs Student Success Source: 2012 student survey by Florida Virtual Campus Slide: CC-BY Cable Green, Creative Commons via http://www.project-kaleidoscope.org/       60%+ do not purchase books at some point due to book cost 35% take fewer courses due to book cost 31% choose not to register for a course due to book cost 23% regularly go without textbooks due to book cost 14% have dropped a course due to book cost 10% have withdrawn from a course due to book cost
  18. 18. Students Get Savvier about Textbook Buying, The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 2013 Emma Anderson, 21 Political science, U. of California at Berkeley “Usually when I don’t buy it, it’s because I’ve found that you actually don’t need it for the class.” Jennifer Bi, 20 Economics, U. of California at Berkeley “My most expensive class was clinical psych, because she writes the textbook herself, and it has a new edition every semester or something ridiculous. So it was like almost $200. And the thing is that you can’t use the previous edition, because she changes it herself because she knows the textbooks sell well. It’s like so manipulative.” Marie Efira, 63 Anthropology, Foothill College “I had to take very few classes, because each time the price of the book more than doubles the tuition fee. It took me much longer to get my degree.”
  19. 19. “Learning is a very human activity. The more people feel they are being treated as human beings – that their human needs are being taken into account – the more they are likely to learn, and learn to learn” Malcom Knowles
  20. 20. iPod DRM by *n3wjack's world in pixels used under CC-BY-SA license
  21. 21. “My textbook is… …back-ordered …in the mail …out of stock …the wrong edition …on hold until my student loan arrives …not needed until I decide I want this course” How often do students start the term without the resources they need?
  22. 22. Problems (Higher Ed) 1. Textbooks are expensive 2. Students are not using them 3. Students can’t keep them 4. Students can fall weeks behind 5. Students are taking more time to finish 6. Learning is negatively affected
  23. 23. Problems (K-12) Going Open: The Case for OER by Cable Green CC-BY
  24. 24. What are Open Textbooks? A textbook licensed under an open copyright license, and made available online to be freely used by students, teachers and members of the public. They are available for free as online and electronic versions, or as low-cost printed versions, should students opt for these.
  25. 25. What are Open Textbooks? A textbook licensed under an open copyright license, and made available online to be freely used by students, teachers and members of the public. They are available for free as online versions, and as low-cost printed versions, should students opt for these.
  26. 26. What are Open Educational Resources? “Open Educational Resources (OERs) are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license. The nature of these open materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them.” UNESCO
  27. 27. Where do they come from?
  28. 28. What are Open Textbooks? A textbook licensed under an open copyright license, and made available online to be freely used by students, teachers and members of the public. They are available for free as online versions, and as low-cost printed versions, should students opt for these.
  29. 29. Faculty have full legal rights to customize & contextualize open textbooks to fit their pedagogical needs
  30. 30. The 5 R’s of Open • Make and own copiesRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute Adapted (color change) from Open Education: A “Simple” Introduction by David Wiley released under CC-BY license
  31. 31. Creative Commons logo by Creative Commons used under a CC-BY 3.0 License CC license image from Copyright in Education & Internet in South African Law used under CC-BY 2.5 South Africa license
  32. 32. “Many students attending HCC have difficulty with the cost of college. Some students do not purchase books at all; other students use outdated editions or non-assigned books. In addition, the cost of textbooks may prevent students from taking an optimal course load. A reduced course load means more years in college and reduces the likelihood of completion. For these reasons, faculty were concerned that the cost of textbooks was interfering with student success. A faculty committee, with the support of administration, decided to make cost a primary consideration in the textbook adoption process.” Source: One college’s use of an open psychology textbook, John Hilton III, Carol Laman, Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning Volume 27, Issue 3, 2012
  33. 33. Source: One college’s use of an open psychology textbook, John Hilton III, Carol Laman, Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning Volume 27, Issue 3, 2012 “A group of six full-time and six adjunct HCC psychology faculty members participated in the adaptation of FWK’s Introduction to Psychology textbook. The adaptation was necessary in order to lower the reading level to one that the faculty felt was appropriate for HCC students (12th grade) and to incorporate additional learning objectives and key terms that they had identified as being essential to the course. Additional video links, relevant examples, and cross-cultural information were also added to the text.”
  34. 34. Source: One college’s use of an open psychology textbook, John Hilton III, Carol Laman, Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning Volume 27, Issue 3, 2012 Spring 2011, Traditional Textbook (n = ~370 students) Fall 2012, open Textbook (n = ~370 students) GPA 1.6 2.0 Withdrawl Rate 14% 7.1% Department Final Exam 67.6% 71.1% Table 1. Aggregated data, spring 2011 (traditional text) versus fall 2011 free text: multiple campuses and instructors.
  35. 35. The Remix Hypothesis http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/3813 “In it’s simplest form, The Remix Hypothesis states that changes in students outcomes occurring in conjunction with OER adoption correlate positively with faculty remixing activities. “
  36. 36. The Project
  37. 37. The Project Don’t reinvent it by Andrea Hernandez released under CC-BY-NC-SA and based on Wheel by Pauline Mak released under CC-BY license
  38. 38. open.bccampus.ca
  39. 39. Faculty Reviews ($250) 291/365 by thebarrowboy used under a CC-BY
  40. 40. Download PDF
  41. 41. Reviews > Adaptations My Adventures Adapting a Chemistry Textbook291/365 by thebarrowboy used under a CC-BY
  42. 42. New Creations
  43. 43. Sprints
  44. 44. Benefits slide by Megan Beckett, Siyavula CC-BY
  45. 45. Sprints 2 Days 17 Psych Faculty 6 Institutions 850 Questions
  46. 46. Results Year Faculty Sections Students Savings 2013 13 19 593 $59,300 - $87,960 2014 44 85 2893 $289,300 - $421,747 2015 51 120 4345 $434,500 - $530,654 Total 224 7831 $783,100 – $1.04 million
  47. 47. Thank You open.bccampus.ca @clintlalonde @bcopentext @bccampus http://www.slideshare.net/bccampus

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