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How to Build an Open Textbook

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Workshop presented by Amanda Coolidge and myself at the 2017 Digital Pedagogy Network Symposium at UVic.

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How to Build an Open Textbook

  1. 1. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. How to Build Your Own Open Textbook Digital Pedagogy Symposium Amanda Coolidge and Clint Lalonde, BCcampus
  2. 2. Why are we talking about textbooks? (Amanda 10 min) What is a textbook (Clint 20 min) Activity 1: Pick an aide….or 5. Pedagogical aides of TB (20 min) What is Open? (Amanda) (20 min) Activity 2: What are affordances of open and digital? 1-2-all (20 min) Overview of OTB collection (Amanda 10 min) Overview of some technologies (Clint 10 min) Activity 3: Find a book (20 min)
  3. 3. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. Why are we even talking about textbooks these days?
  4. 4. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. Education is expensive Image credit: Beyond Textbooks by Thomas used under CC-BY license. Text credit: Open Textbook Network used under CC-BY license. • Tuition and Fees • Room and Board • Books and Supplies • Personal Expenses • Transportation
  5. 5. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. Education is expensive BC Students now work 180% more hours than they did in 1975 to pay for PSE
  6. 6. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. Education is expensive BC Students now work 180% more hours than they did in 1975 to pay for PSE Half of Bachelor’s degree graduates rely on student loans
  7. 7. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. Education is expensive "Kids Giving you problems? Hire an Elephant" by peasap is licensed under CC BY 2.0 BC Students now work 180% more hours than they did in 1975 to pay for PSE Half of Bachelor’s degree graduates rely on student loans In 2012, Canadian student loan debt surpassed $28 billion
  8. 8. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. Education is expensive BC Students now work 180% more hours than they did in 1975 to pay for PSE Half of Bachelor’s degree graduates rely on student loans In 2012, Canadian student loan debt surpassed $28 billion Average student debt in Canada is $28,495 3 years after graduating, only 21% are debt free When debt reaches $10,000, program completion rates drop from 59% to 8% The cost of textbooks has risen by 1041% since 1977
  9. 9. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. Average Student Expenditures on Textbooks The Peak: SFU Campus Newspaper
  10. 10. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution.    66% do not purchase books at some point due to book cost 47.6% take fewer courses due to book cost 45.5% choose not to register for a course due to book cost 37.6% regularly go without textbooks and earn a poor grade due to book cost 26.1% have dropped a course due to book cost 20.7% have withdrawn from a course due to book cost    Impact of Textbook Cost Source: 2016 Student Textbook and Course Materials Survey – Florida Virtual Campus (DRAFT)
  11. 11. – University of Minnesota student “I figured French hadn't changed that much”
  12. 12. What is a textbook? CC0 Alex Read
  13. 13. CC0 Alex Read A textbook is an organized body of material useful for the formal study of a subject area. What is a textbook? Text: Wikibooks:Textbook Considerations by various authors CC-BY-SA 3.0
  14. 14. CC0 Alex Read 1. A discrete, well-bounded scope 2. Includes examples and problems 3. Internally consistent style 4. Utility for future reference 5. A logical structure What is a textbook? Text: Wikibooks:Textbook Considerations by various authors CC-BY-SA 3.0
  15. 15. Chapter Objectives Chapter Learning Outcomes Chapter Outline Bold & Italicized text Table of Figures Index Case Studies/Vignettes Glossary of Key Terms Demonstrations Illustrations (photos, diagrams, charts) Simulations Further Reading Suggestions Multimedia Pronunciation Guide Table of Contents Maps Chapter Summary or Review Heading & Subheadings Checklists Focus Questions Examples of Best Practices Timelines Practice Questions Weiten, W., Guadagno, R. E., & Beck, C. A. (1996). Student’s Perceptions of Textbook Pedagogical Aids. Teaching of Psychology, 23(2), 105-107. doi:10.1207/s15328023top2302_8 Gurung, R. A. R. (2004). Pedagogical Aids: Learning Enhancers or Dangerous Detours? Teaching of Psychology, 31(3), 164-166. doi:10.1207/s15328023top3103_1 Gurung, R. A. R. (2003). Pedagogical Aids and Student Performance. Teaching of Psychology, 30(2), 92-95. doi:10.1207/S15328023TOP3002_01 Activity: Pick your Top 5 Textbook Aides
  16. 16. Chapter Objectives Chapter Learning Outcomes Chapter Outline Bold & Italicized text Table of Figures Index Case Studies/Vignettes Glossary of Key Terms Demonstrations Illustrations (photos, diagrams, charts) Simulations Further Reading Suggestions Multimedia Pronunciation Guide Table of Contents Maps Chapter Summary or Review Heading & Subheadings Checklists Focus Questions Examples of Best Practices Timelines Practice Questions Weiten, W., Guadagno, R. E., & Beck, C. A. (1996). Student’s Perceptions of Textbook Pedagogical Aids. Teaching of Psychology, 23(2), 105-107. doi:10.1207/s15328023top2302_8 Gurung, R. A. R. (2004). Pedagogical Aids: Learning Enhancers or Dangerous Detours? Teaching of Psychology, 31(3), 164-166. doi:10.1207/s15328023top3103_1 Gurung, R. A. R. (2003). Pedagogical Aids and Student Performance. Teaching of Psychology, 30(2), 92-95. doi:10.1207/S15328023TOP3002_01 What students said they used
  17. 17. Weiten, W., Guadagno, R. E., & Beck, C. A. (1996). Student’s Perceptions of Textbook Pedagogical Aids. Teaching of Psychology, 23(2), 105-107. doi:10.1207/s15328023top2302_8 Gurung, R. A. R. (2004). Pedagogical Aids: Learning Enhancers or Dangerous Detours? Teaching of Psychology, 31(3), 164-166. doi:10.1207/s15328023top3103_1 Gurung, R. A. R. (2003). Pedagogical Aids and Student Performance. Teaching of Psychology, 30(2), 92-95. doi:10.1207/S15328023TOP3002_01 What actually improves learning?
  18. 18. Weiten, W., Guadagno, R. E., & Beck, C. A. (1996). Student’s Perceptions of Textbook Pedagogical Aids. Teaching of Psychology, 23(2), 105-107. doi:10.1207/s15328023top2302_8 Gurung, R. A. R. (2004). Pedagogical Aids: Learning Enhancers or Dangerous Detours? Teaching of Psychology, 31(3), 164-166. doi:10.1207/s15328023top3103_1 Gurung, R. A. R. (2003). Pedagogical Aids and Student Performance. Teaching of Psychology, 30(2), 92-95. doi:10.1207/S15328023TOP3002_01 “correlation analysis did not show any positive relations between the reported use of a pedagogical aids and learning as measured by exam performance” Gurung 2003
  19. 19. Weiten, W., Guadagno, R. E., & Beck, C. A. (1996). Student’s Perceptions of Textbook Pedagogical Aids. Teaching of Psychology, 23(2), 105-107. doi:10.1207/s15328023top2302_8 Gurung, R. A. R. (2004). Pedagogical Aids: Learning Enhancers or Dangerous Detours? Teaching of Psychology, 31(3), 164-166. doi:10.1207/s15328023top3103_1 Gurung, R. A. R. (2003). Pedagogical Aids and Student Performance. Teaching of Psychology, 30(2), 92-95. doi:10.1207/S15328023TOP3002_01 Students who rated key terms as being helpful had lower test scores than those who did not use key terms.
  20. 20. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. What Are OER?
  21. 21. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. What Are OER?  Videos  Blogs  Course materials  Images  Lesson plans  Wikis  Games  Test banks  Simulations  Open Textbooks FREE!
  22. 22. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. Creative Commons logo by Creative Commons used under a CC-BY 3.0 License CC license image from Copyright in Education & Internet in South African Law used under CC-BY 2.5 South Africa license
  23. 23. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. Open = Free + Permissions
  24. 24. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. The 5 R’s of Open • Make and own a copyRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute http://lumenlearning.com/announcement-5r-open-course-design-framework/
  25. 25. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. Faculty have full legal rights to customize & contextualize open textbooks to fit their pedagogical needs
  26. 26. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. http://lumenlearning.com/announcement-5r-open-course-design-framework/ “Faux-pen” • free (but gated) access • all rights reserved PLUS terms of use
  27. 27. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. Quality
  28. 28. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. When you think about quality of educational resources, there is only one criterion that matters….
  29. 29. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. To what degree do those materials support learning?
  30. 30. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. OER and Student Achievement 13 Peer Reviewed Studies http://openedgroup.org/
  31. 31. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. 119,720 Students http://openedgroup.org/
  32. 32. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. 95% Same or Better Outcomes http://openedgroup.org/
  33. 33. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. Examples
  34. 34. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. Examples
  35. 35. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. What are the affordances that an open and digital textbook gives you over a traditional textbook? Activity 2: 1-2-all
  36. 36. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. BC Open Textbook Project 40 open textbooks for highest enrolled 1st & 2nd year post- secondary subjects in BC 20 for skills & training $2 million AB & SASK MOU Manitoba Review Project AB OER eCampus AB Canada OER Visual notes of John Yap announcement, Giulia Forsythe Used under CC-SA license
  37. 37. Why are we doing this project? To increase access to higher education by reducing student costs To give faculty more control over their instructional resources To improve learning outcomes for students Annie Lennox campaigns with Oxfam at the AIDS Conference by Oxfam used under CC-BY-NC-ND license Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution.
  38. 38. The Project Don’t reinvent it by Andrea Hernandez released under CC-BY-NC-SA and based on Wheel by Pauline Mak released under CC-BY license Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution.
  39. 39. Faculty Reviews 291/365 by thebarrowboy used under a CC-BY Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution.
  40. 40. Reviews > Adaptations My Adventures Adapting a Chemistry Textbook291/365 by thebarrowboy used under a CC-BY Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution.
  41. 41. New Creations Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution.
  42. 42. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. open.bccampus.ca Resources Guides
  43. 43. Open Textbook Authoring
  44. 44. Open Textbook Authoring
  45. 45. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. open.bccampus.ca Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC-BY. 4.0 International. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution. What is next for you?

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