Stroke Community Presentation Guide[1]


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Stroke Awareness

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  • This presentation will help you understand more about stroke – its prevention, treatment and recovery . It will cover stroke risk factors , prevention measures , how to recognize the symptoms of stroke and how to respond .
  • Stroke Community Presentation Guide[1]

    1. 1. Explaining Stroke __________________ Stroke is a Brain Attack!
    2. 2. Be Stroke Smart Recognize: stroke symptoms Reduce: stroke risk Respond : at the first sign of stroke, Call 911 immediately! The 3 R’s of Stroke:
    3. 3. Stroke Facts <ul><li>Third leading cause of death in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>795,000 Americans suffer strokes each year </li></ul><ul><li>144,000 deaths each year </li></ul><ul><li>- From 1995 to 2005, the stroke death rate fell 29.7% </li></ul><ul><li>6,000,000 stroke survivors </li></ul>
    4. 4. Stroke Facts <ul><li>The leading cause of adult disability </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 80% of all strokes are preventable </li></ul><ul><li>Every 45 seconds, someone suffers a stroke </li></ul>
    5. 5. Women & Stroke <ul><li>Stroke kills more than twice as many American women every year as breast cancer </li></ul><ul><li>More women than men die from stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Women over age 30 who smoke and take high-estrogen oral contraceptives have a stroke risk 22 times higher than average </li></ul>
    6. 6. African Americans & Stroke <ul><li>Incidence is nearly double that of Caucasians </li></ul><ul><li>African Americans suffer more extensive physical impairments </li></ul><ul><li>Twice as likely to die from stroke </li></ul><ul><li>High incidence of risk factors for stroke </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hypertension </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Obesity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sickle cell anemia </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Well-known Stroke Survivors <ul><li>Mary Kay Ash </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Schultz </li></ul><ul><li>Harry Caray </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Dickens </li></ul><ul><li>Ed Koch </li></ul><ul><li>Ted Williams </li></ul><ul><li>President Gerald Ford </li></ul><ul><li>Teddy Bruschi </li></ul><ul><li>Sharon Stone </li></ul><ul><li>Della Reese </li></ul><ul><li>Kirk Douglas </li></ul><ul><li>Roy Horn of Siegfried & Roy </li></ul>
    8. 8. Definition of Stroke <ul><li>Sudden brain damage </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of blood flow to the brain caused by a clot or rupture of a blood vessel </li></ul>Ischemic = Clot (makes up approximately 85% of all strokes) <ul><li>Hemorrhagic = Bleed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Bleeding around brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Bleeding into brain </li></ul></ul>Embolic Thrombotic
    9. 9. Brain Attack! <ul><li>Stroke is a “Brain Attack.” </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke happens in the brain not the heart </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke is an emergency. Call 911 for emergency treatment. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Stroke Symptoms Sudden and severe headache Trouble seeing in one or both eyes Sudden dizziness Trouble walking Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg Sudden confusion Trouble speaking If you observe any of these symptoms, call 911 immediately. Every minute matters!
    11. 11. Think FAST! <ul><li>F = Face: ask the person to smile </li></ul><ul><li>A = Arm: ask the person to raise both arms </li></ul><ul><li>S = Speech: ask the person to speak a simple sentence </li></ul><ul><li>T = Time: to call 911 </li></ul><ul><li>Every minute matters! </li></ul>
    12. 12. TIA or Mini-Stroke <ul><li>Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a warning sign of a future stroke - more than 1/3 of TIA patients will have a future stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms of TIAs are the same as stroke </li></ul><ul><li>TIA symptoms can resolve within minutes or hours </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to seek immediate medical attention if you suspect that you are having or have had a TIA </li></ul>
    13. 13. The Perceptions of Stroke <ul><li>Myth </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke is not preventable </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke cannot be treated </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke only strikes the elderly </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke happens in the heart </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke recovery ends after 6 months </li></ul><ul><li>Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 80% percent of strokes are preventable </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke requires emergency treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone can have a stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke is a “Brain Attack” </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke recovery can last a lifetime </li></ul>
    14. 14. The Cost of Stroke More than $62 Billion Annually The estimated direct and indirect cost of stroke is 68.9 billion in 2009
    15. 15. Up to 80% of strokes are preventable! National Stroke Association developed the following guidelines to help people reduce their risk for stroke…
    16. 16. National Stroke Association’s Stroke Prevention Guidelines <ul><li>Know your blood pressure. Have it checked at least annually. If it is elevated, work with your doctor to control it. </li></ul><ul><li>Find out if you have atrial fibrillation (AF) – a type of irregular heartbeat. If you have it, work with your doctor to manage it. </li></ul><ul><li>If you smoke, stop. </li></ul>
    17. 17. National Stroke Association’s Stroke Prevention Guidelines (continued) <ul><li>4. If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Know your cholesterol number. If it is high, work with your doctor to control it. </li></ul><ul><li>6. If you are diabetic, follow your doctor’s recommendations carefully to control your diabetes. </li></ul>
    18. 18. National Stroke Association’s Stroke Prevention Guidelines (continued) <ul><li>7. Include exercise in your daily routine </li></ul><ul><li>8. Enjoy a lower sodium (salt) and lower fat diet </li></ul><ul><li>If you have circulation problems, work with your doctor to improve your circulation. </li></ul><ul><li>If you experience any stroke symptoms, call 911 immediately. Every minute matters! </li></ul>
    19. 19. Some Reasons People Don’t Seek Immediate Treatment <ul><li>Don’t recognize symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Denial </li></ul><ul><li>Think nothing can be done </li></ul><ul><li>Worry about cost </li></ul><ul><li>Think symptoms will go away </li></ul><ul><li>Fear or don’t trust hospitals </li></ul>
    20. 20. Acute Stroke Treatments <ul><li>Ischemic stroke (Brain Clot) </li></ul><ul><li>Clot busting medication: t-PA (Tissue Plasminogen Activator) </li></ul><ul><li>Clot-removing devices: Merci Retriever, Penumbra </li></ul><ul><li>Hemorrhagic Stroke (Brain Bleed) </li></ul><ul><li>Clipping </li></ul><ul><li>Coiling </li></ul>
    21. 21. Stroke Recovery <ul><li>10% of stroke survivors recover almost completely </li></ul><ul><li>25% recover with minor impairments </li></ul><ul><li>40% experience moderate to severe impairments requiring special care </li></ul><ul><li>10% require care within either a skilled-care or other long-term care facility </li></ul><ul><li>15% die shortly after the stroke </li></ul>
    22. 22. Types of Stroke Rehabilitation <ul><li>Physical Therapy (PT) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Walking, range of movement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Occupational Therapy (OT) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taking care of one’s self </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Speech Language Therapy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication skills, swallowing, cognition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recreational Therapy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooking, gardening </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Life Changes for Stroke Survivors and Family <ul><li>Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Depression & Anger </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Liability </li></ul><ul><li>One-sided Neglect </li></ul><ul><li>Memory Loss </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Daily living skills </li></ul><ul><li>Dressing and grooming </li></ul><ul><li>Diet, nutrition and eating difficulties </li></ul><ul><li>Skin care problems </li></ul><ul><li>Pain </li></ul><ul><li>Sexuality/Intimacy </li></ul>
    24. 24. Types of Recovery Services <ul><li>Rehabilitation unit in the hospital </li></ul><ul><li>In-patient rehabilitation gacility </li></ul><ul><li>Home-bound therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Home with outpatient therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term care facility </li></ul><ul><li>Community-based programs </li></ul>
    25. 25. YOU Can Reduce the Impact of Stroke <ul><li>Stroke is a Brain Attack </li></ul><ul><li>and is often preventable and treatable </li></ul><ul><li>Remember the 3 R’s of Stroke and Act FAST! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce Risk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize Stroke Symptoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respond immediately: Call 911 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Every minute matters! </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. National Stroke Association What we do… <ul><li>Reduce the incidence and impact of stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate for stroke prevention and public education </li></ul><ul><li>Provide professional education and training </li></ul><ul><li>Provide and promote resources for stroke survivors and care-partners </li></ul><ul><li>Advance stroke research </li></ul>
    27. 27. National Stroke Association 1-800-STROKES (787-6537)