Chap 4 fractures

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Chap 4 fractures

  1. 1. By: Courtney Lignoski
  2. 2.  A fracture is a broken bone. There are two types of fractures ◦ A Closed Fracture (or Simple Fracture) is when the bone breaks, but there is no open skin wound. ◦ An Open Fracture (or Compound Fracture) is when the bone breaks and also protrudes through the skin
  3. 3.  An impacted fracture is a fracture in which pieces of bone are pushed into each other. Impacted fractures are usually caused by falling on your hands or legs with lots of force behind the fall. This fracture is often seen at the hip joint in elderly women who have osteoporosis.
  4. 4. Take a guess about whether an impacted fracture is closed or open before moving to the next slide.
  5. 5.  Impacted Fractures are usually Closed/Simple fractures.
  6. 6.  A spiral fracture is a fracture where the fracture line twists around the bone shaft. This can be caused by someone trying to twist their leg while their foot is firmly planted. This fracture is often seen in the tibia.
  7. 7. Take a guess about whether a spiral fracture is closed or open before moving to the next slide.
  8. 8.  A spiral fracture is usually a closed/simple fracture.
  9. 9.  A transverse fracture is break that is straight across the bone at a right angle; the bone is no longer joined. This type of fracture is usually caused by a strong, direct blow
  10. 10. Take a guess about whether a transverse fracture is closed or open before moving to the next slide.
  11. 11.  A transverse fracture can be either or, depending on the force of the impact.

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