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  1. 1. The Story of Troy<br />
  2. 2. Where was Troy and why is it important to us?<br />Troy really did exist. Her remains have been discovered in present day Turkey.<br />The Romans believed that they were descendants of survivors of Troy.<br />Some say Troy was destroyed by the Greeks, while others believe that it was destroyed by an earthquake<br />
  3. 3. Peleus and Thetis<br />Zeus was attracted to a nymph named Thetis<br />It was foreseen that Thetis’ son would be greater than his father.<br />Zeus marries Thetis off to Peleus, an old mortal. (Son = Achilles)<br />All were invited to the wedding,except for Eris, the goddess of Discord.<br />
  4. 4. Apple of Discord<br />Eris throws a golden apple into the party<br />Three goddesses claim it as theirs: Hera, Athena and Aphrodite<br />Zeus won’t choose so he orders Hermes to take them to Earth so that Paris, a sheperd, can choose.<br />
  5. 5. Judgement of Paris<br />Paris is a prince of Troy, but is unaware<br />All 3 goddesses offer a bribe<br />Athena offers wisdom and skill in battle<br />Hera offers political power and control of Asia<br />Aphrodite offers the most beautiful woman in the world<br />Paris chooses Aphrodite<br />
  6. 6. Who’s the most beautiful woman?<br />Helen of Sparta (later know as Helen of Troy)<br />Mother—Leda, Father—Zeus or Tyndareus<br />Zeus seduces Leda and she has two sets of twins: Helen, Clytemnestra, Castor and Pollux.<br /> Helen has suitors and all swear to an oath to protect and defend Helen’s marriage.<br />Her father choose Menelaus as her husband. Menelaus’ brother, Agamemnon marries Clytemnestra<br />
  7. 7. Naughty Paris<br />Paris now knows that he’s a prince.<br />Diplomatic mission to Sparta<br />Seduces (or kidnaps) Helen<br />They return to Troy<br />Odysseus and Menelaus try to solve the problem diplomatically<br />All the suitors must fulfill their oath<br />
  8. 8. I don’t want to go.<br />Agamemnon declares himself as leader of the Greek army.<br />Now married to Penelope and father of Telemachus, Odysseus/Ulysses feigns madness.<br />Achilles pretends to be a girl.<br />1,000 ships went to retrieve Helen. Therefore, Helen is known as “the face that launched 1,000 ships.<br />
  9. 9. House of Atreus<br />Agamemnon becomes leader of the Greeks.<br />Belongs to the House of Atreus<br />Tantalus cuts up his son, Pelops, and feeds him to the gods and goddesses.<br />Endures eternal punishment in the Underworld<br />Sacrifice of Iphigenia <br />Upsets Artemis<br />No winds to sail<br />Must appease Artemis<br />
  10. 10. Important Players<br />Greek <br />Agamemnon—king of Mycenae<br />Menelaus—King of Sparta<br />Achilles—king of Myrmidons<br />Odysseus—King of Ithaca<br />Ajax the great<br />Ajax the lesser<br />Nestor—Agamemnon’s right hand man<br />Neoptolemus—Achilles’ son<br />Trojan <br />Priam—king of Troy<br />Hecuba—queen of Troy<br />Hector—Prince of Troy<br />Andromache—Hector’s wife<br />Aeneas--ancestor of Romans<br />Paris—Prince of Troy<br />Cassandra—Princess of Troy<br />
  11. 11. The Gods & Goddesses<br />Greek Supporters<br />Hera<br />Athena<br />Poseidon<br />Hephaestus<br />Trojan Supporters<br />Aphrodite—mother of Aeneas<br />Ares<br />Apollo<br />Artemis<br />
  12. 12. The Wrath of Achilles<br />Agamemnon receives Chryseis, a priestess of Apollo, as a concubine.<br />Plague strikes the troops.<br />Agamemnon returns Chryseis to her father and the plague is lifted.<br />In return, he takes Achilles’ girl, Briseis.<br />Achilles feels disrespected and refuses to fight.<br />
  13. 13. Death of Patroclus<br />Patroclus, Achilles’ “cousin”, goes into battle under the guise of Achilles.<br />Fights like Achilles and takes out several Trojans<br />Killed by Hector who believes that it is Achilles.<br />Takes Achilles’ armor as is customary<br />
  14. 14. Death of Hector<br />Achilles receives new armor &reconciles with Agamemnon<br />Briseis is returned to Achilles<br />Hector is defeated by Achilles.<br />Body desecrated<br />
  15. 15. A Humble Request<br />Hector’s body has been destroyed<br />Achilles takes it back to his camp<br />Ultimate disgrace—not allowing for proper burial<br />King Priam goes into the Greek camps to request the return of body<br />Achilles obliges. A temporary truce allows time for the funeral games.<br />
  16. 16. Several Shall Fall<br />Achilles kills many, including children<br />Paris shoots him through his only weak spot (with the help of Apollo)<br />Paris is killed by Philoctetes (Hercules’ friend)<br />Achilles’ son now joins the battle (Neoptolemus)<br />
  17. 17. The Trojan Horse<br />Odysseus has a plan<br />Greeks pretend to flee, but hide on a nearby island<br />Several of their best warriors hide inside the horse<br />The horse is supposed to be an offering to Athena for a safe return home.<br />The Trojans think that they have won and party!!!!!<br />
  18. 18. Hear Our Warnings<br />Cassandra advises against taking the horse<br />Has the gift of prophecy<br />No one believes her because of Apollo’s curse<br />Laocoon, a priest, and his 2 small sons are eaten by serpents<br />
  19. 19. Whyyyyyyyyyyy?????<br />Neoptolemus kills King Priam<br />Menelaus kills Helen’s new husband, but spares her.<br />Agamemnon takes Cassandra, Neoptolemus take Andromache, Odysseus gets Queen Hecuba<br />Neoptolemus kills Hector’s infant son<br />
  20. 20. Importance to Us<br />Hector appears to Aeneas in a dream<br />Flees with wife, son (Ascanius) and father.<br />Wife disappears<br />Leads the survivors to Italy after having his own “odyssey”<br />Stops in Carthage along the way (Punic Wars)<br />Unites with the Latins and marries Lavinia<br />His descendents will found Rome.<br />
  21. 21. What about the rest?<br />Gods are angry at the actions of the Achaeans<br />Most won’t make it home<br />Nestor makes it home (no looting/ill acts)<br />Ajax the Lesser—killed by Athena (thrown onto jagged rocks.)<br />Agamemnon—killed by wife and new lover<br />Odysseus—arrives home after 10 years<br />Menelaus—returns to Sparta with Helen<br />
  22. 22. Sources<br /><br />