Research paper structure conclusion


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Research paper structure conclusion

  1. 1. Research Paper Structure-Conclusion-<br />Mr. Roberts<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Introduce the subject and come to the point<br />Body<br />The real power of your writing<br />Support your thesis<br />Examples<br />Detailed Information<br />Conclusion<br />Begin by restating your thesis<br />Not word for word!<br />Gradually become more broad and general<br />Basic Structure<br />
  3. 3. You have come a long way from that opening paragraph!<br />How can you make a connection at this late date with those distant sentences, written when your paper was only a few notes?<br />Not only can you make a connection, you must!<br />Back to Beginnings<br />
  4. 4. The connection between your introduction and your conclusion is critical.<br />First, look at your introduction, is there any room for improvement?<br />The process of writing your body paragraphs always opens up new possibilities for your introduction.<br />Any improvements you make will be reflected in your conclusion!<br />Back to Beginnings<br />
  5. 5. The structure of your conclusion will be exactly the opposite of your introduction.<br />Begin with a restated version of your thesis and gradually move toward a final broad statement.<br />Add a transitional element that links your conclusion to the previous paragraph.<br />Without much work, your first sentence is already written for you!<br />Understand the Structure<br />
  6. 6. Next, make the connections stronger!<br />Do this by picking up any significant word or phrase and work it into your conclusion.<br />Every time you do this, you create echoes in your reader’s mind.<br />Understand the Structure<br />
  7. 7. Tie in the Middle Section (Body)<br />Many student papers crash and burn because the writer attempts to summarize the points he has made simply by listing them – DO NOT DO THIS!<br />Instead, borrow meaning from your body paragraphs by selecting a few key words<br />Avoid being flatly repetitive.<br />Say what you have already said, but do it quickly, sharply, and in different words.<br />Understand the Structure<br />
  8. 8. Therefore, today’s drag racing teenager is primarily an automotive engineer. The preceding paragraphs have shown that he has a great deal of mechanical skill, he takes pride in his workmanship, and he has much knowledge of safety.<br />What is wrong with this conclusion?<br />Repeats the thesis verbatim<br />Summarizes the points in a list<br />Sample Conclusions<br />
  9. 9. Clearly, then, the typical drag racing teenager is no irresponsible bum, but a genuine automotive engineer. His mechanical skill verges on inventive genius, and his pride in workmanship is a sign of his maturity. Furthermore, he could give most adults lessons in safety.<br />Varies the wording of the thesis – two sentences<br />With the addition of a few more sentences, this conclusion move toward a more general note and close on a final, authoritative note.<br />Sample Conclusions<br />
  10. 10. One thing is certain: the drag racer is a product of his times. The society he lives in has been shaped by the automobile, and drag racing is as natural to him as buggy racing was to his grandfather. Society might as well learn not only to accept him but to appreciate his talents. He’ll be around as long as we keep moving on wheels<br />Sample Conclusions<br />
  11. 11. The conclusion borrows from everything that has gone before.<br />Summarize without repeating exactly.<br />Borrow, Suggest, Transform<br />Remind your reader!<br />Your conclusion is your last word with your reader and your last chance to persuade them of the truth in your thesis.<br />Reminders<br />