Building a smarter planet is IBM's point of view on how interconnected technologies are changing the way the world literally works. Smarter planet is also the foundation for IBM’s vision for smarter cities--a vision that demonstrates how cities can lead the way into a prosperous and sustainable future. Today’s cities face a range of challenges and threats to their sustainability—challenges across their systems and core infrastructures such as transport, water, energy, government services, education and healthcare.
[ ] 03/17/10 As we look at the planet, we all are clear that cities play an important role and many hold significant prominence in our world. In looking at the world’s population, in 1900, only 13% of the world's population lived in cities. In 2007, for the first time in history, the majority of the world’s population—3.3 billion people—lived in cities. By 2050, that number will have risen to 70% of the Earth’s total population. This unprecedented urbanization is both an emblem of our economic and societal progress—especially for the world's emerging nations—and a huge strain on the planet's infrastructure. Our vision is to bring a new level of smart intelligence to how the world works — how every person, business, organization, government, natural system, and man-made system interacts. Each interaction represents a chance to do something better, more efficiently, more productively.
[ ] 03/17/10 First, what draws us to cities? A good quality of life for citizens? Access to economic activities? Better education and healthcare options for ourselves and for our families?
[ ] 03/17/10 What draws us? What draws us the most is… OPPORTUNITY! As cities grow in both numbers and population, they are taking their place on the world’s center stage--with more economic, political and technological power than ever before. Economically, they are becoming the hubs of a globally integrated, services-based society. Essentially, cities offer individuals and businesses the ability to move things and people around through city transport systems and the opportunity to trade, work and share ideas.
[ ] 03/17/10 Cities are a microcosm of major challenges and opportunities facing the planet today. It is in cities where all man-made systems come together and interact with one another and the environment. As implied earlier, growing populations are causing cities to face significant sustainability challenges and threats to these infrastructures that deliver vital services. Adding to the strain of public demand for better education, greener programs, public safety, accessible government, affordable housing and more options for senior citizens and better quality of life for all. Consider: How much energy we waste How gridlocked our cities are—congested roadways results in wasted energy and productivity How inefficient our supply chains are How our planet’s water supply is drying up - demand > supply It is obvious, when you consider the trajectories of developments impacting our planet and our cities, we are going to have to run a lot smarter and more efficiently, especially as we seek to drive economic growth and sustainability.
[ ] 03/17/10 The time to act is now! City governments, more so than other levels of government, will increasingly serve as the crucibles where the success of failure of our planet is determined.
[ ] 03/17/10 First, the world and its cities are becoming instrumented . We now have the ability to measure, sense and monitor the condition of almost everything. Imagine, if you can, a billion transistors for every human being. Sensors are being embedded everywhere—across entire ecosystems—supply-chains, healthcare networks, cities… even in livestock and natural systems like rivers. Second, for the first time in history, almost anything can become digitally aware and interconnected. People, systems and objects can communicate in new ways. Very soon there will be 2 billion people on the Internet. Today, there are an estimated 4 billion mobile phone subscribers worldwide. In an instrumented world, systems and objects can now &quot;speak&quot; to one another, too. Think about the prospect of a trillion connected and intelligent things—cars, appliances, cameras, roadways, pipelines… even pharmaceuticals and livestock. The amount of information produced by the interaction of all those things will be unprecedented. Third, all things are becoming intelligent --being instrumented and connected are simply not sufficient. We must infuse intelligence into our systems and ways of working. Cities can now depend on n ew computing models to manage the massive amounts of data generated by the proliferation of end-user devices, sensors, and actuators, that are connected to back-end systems. Combined with advanced analytics, these technologies can turountains of data into intelligence that can be translated into action, making our systems, processes and infrastructures more efficient, more productive and responsive—ultimately, making them smarter.
[ ] 03/17/10 Smarter cities have already begun or are working to infuse intelligence into their core systems… many are finding new ways to maximize resources and overcome barriers by collaboration and connecting across multiple systems. As a ‘system of systems,’ all the ways in which the world works – from transportation to energy to healthcare to commerce to education to security to food and water and jobs and beyond – come together in cities. We indeed have the potential – both technological and political – to make our cities more productive, more efficient, safer, more vibrant and more responsive, and more sustainable. This though isn’t just theorectical, we see aspects of smarter cities all around us. Let’s see how organizations from both the public and private sectors are rethinking their systems, applying technology and providing services in new ways...
[ ] 03/17/10 Through smarter transportation solutions, cities can infuse intelligence into their entire transportation system, improving drivers’ commutes, giving better information to city planners, increasing public transportation usage and the productivity of businesses, and raising citizens’ quality of life. ROAD USER CHARGING Employ a dynamic toll system based on the flow of vehicles into and out of a city to reduce traffic. Stockholm implemented an intelligent toll system in the city center, which resulted in 20% less traffic, 40% lower emissions and 40,000 additional users of the public transportation system. ELECTRONIC FARE MANAGEMENT Enable rail, bus and road customers to purchase fares via SMS or online and have the fare collected automatically. TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION MANAGEMENT Gain real-time traffic prediction and intelligent route planning capabilities.
[ ] 03/17/10 Smarter energy and utilities gives cities the ability to manage supply and demand. By providing real-time information about the follow of energy, an intelligent utility systems helps citizens and utilities make smarter, more responsible choices about the way they buy and sell and manage utility services. Now power companies can make smarter decisions about using a smart grid, and consumers can make smarter decisions about home energy usage. SMART GRID Monitor the health and stability of the grid at all times, identifying an outage or issue as soon as it happens and dispatching crews to address it immediately. Enable customers to monitor energy prices and their own energy use in real time. DONG Energy in Denmark installed monitoring devices across their distribution network. The increased insight into the grid’s performance will potentially lessen outage times by up to 50% and reduce maintenance investments by up to 90%. BUILDING EFFICIENCY Reduce energy consumption and CO2 emissions, and save water usage, using sensors to monitor everything from motion and temperature to humidity, precipitation, occupancy and light CenterPoint Energy in Houston is installing over 2 million smart meters and in some cases an energy controller for household devices. Homeowners will be able to access their usage information in home displays or on a personal website to make smarter consumption decisions. WATER MANAGEMENT Use the right tools to optimize consumption, monitor quality. ENERGY PORTAL Store and quickly access energy consumption data, customer data, device monitoring and sensor data at all times—empowering the consumer.
[ ] 03/17/10 Healthcare leaders face challenges exacerbated by the current economic environment, as well as opportunities to create new business value. A smarter healthcare system forges partnerships and makes better use of data in order to deliver excellent care, predict and prevent disease and empower people to make smarter choices. Healthcare organizations see smarter healthcare as an opportunity to achieve better quality and outcomes, increase value and improve accountability and sustainability. A smarter healthcare system starts with better connections, better data, and faster and more detailed analysis. It means integrating our data and centering it on the patient, so each person &quot;owns&quot; his or her information and has access to a networked team of collaborative care. It means moving away from paper records, in order to reduce medical errors and improve efficiencies. And it means applying advanced analytics to vast amounts of data, to improve outcomes. Resulting in timely feedback from medical specialists to patients which supports patients in proactively managing his or her care . Both individually and collectively, stakeholders can take action to build more value-focused health systems. They can help the individuals and communities they serve to lead healthier, more productive lives, and help their cities and companies to compete globally. HEALTH INFORMATION EXCHANGES Enable patients, consumers, health practitioners and insurers to securely share clinical information across organizational boundaries, enabling safer, more timely, efficient and effective patient-centered care. CONSUMER PORTALS Encourage consumers to assume responsibility for health and chronic disease management through transparency of healthcare costs, quality of care and prescription drug costs, empowering them to make wiser health and financial decisions. DISEASE SURVEILLANCE Prevent and manage threats to the health of a community by capturing, sharing and modeling data to spot trends and identify causes, detect disease outbreaks early, efficiently manage cases and take action as needed to protect the public.
[ ] 03/17/10 A smarter planet will require a smarter communications infrastructure. Smarter telecommunications represents an opportunity to interconnect the systems of a smarter city and late the groundwork for longer-term economic growth. High-speed broadband, as important as it may be, doesn't make a network smart. We need the network to be multidirectional instead of point-to-point. Smart networks must be infused with advanced analytics and intelligence, so they can identify connected, instrumented things and collect relevant data from them. They'll have to be built on a foundation of standards and software that allow trillions of devices and objects to &quot;talk.&quot; And we'll need next-generation digital platforms on which telecom providers can create and deliver all kinds of services. SMARTER TRAFFIC SYSTEMS Connect the elements of the transportation system—streets, bridges, intersections, signs, signals and tolls—with a strong telecommunications backbone. SMARTER HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS Automate patient records, share patient data, conduct remote diagnostics and more with fast and robust telecommunications infrastructure and systems. SMARTER FOOD SYSTEMS Provide end-to-end visibility across the entire global supply chain to allow farmers to obtain better real-time market pricing for produce and supplies and enable retailers and manufacturers to more efficiently integrate product demand with supply replacements.
[ ] 03/17/10 Smarter education represents an opportunity to nurture our most valuable resource. Our education systems are one of the great, enduring achievements of the 19th century. They were designed to prepare children for success in a burgeoning industrial economy, and they did their job well. But a 21st century services-and-knowledge-based economy has altered the landscape, and it requires different skills and ways of learning. If we hope to help our children achieve their potential—and realize the potential of a smarter planet—then school itself will have to get a lot smarter. SMARTER CLASSROOM Deliver effective learning content and tools to every student and teacher according to their needs, preferences, abilities, technology and aspirations. SMART ADMINISTRATION Incorporate data across education systems to optimize operations, improve services and lower costs. INNOVATION IN RESEARCH Accelerate innovation, knowledge creation and the economic impact of science with powerful tools for researchers.
[ ] 03/17/10 One of the first duties of a country is to protect its citizens. Smarter public safety gives cities an opportunity to turn data into insight to protect citizens and communities. CRIME DATA AGGREGATION Put decades worth of crime information at the fingertips of law enforcement officers at all times. The NYPD Crime Information Warehouse gives officers mobile access to more than 120 million criminal complaints, arrests and 911 records, as well as 5 million criminal records, parole files and photographs—resulting in a 27% reduction in crime. EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT INTEGRATION Connect police, fire departments, ambulance services and other first responders so all are instantly alerted when an emergency takes places. The City of Madrid has developed a new Emergency Response Center, which aggregates emergency call data and instantly alerts the proper authorities, including police, ambulance services and the fire brigade. The city has experienced a 25% reduction in response time as a result of the implementation. SMART SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS Use digital cameras to continuously monitor urban areas and automatically alert authorities when a suspicious event occurs or when a license planet, vehicle or other entity is recognized.
[ ] 03/17/10 As cities work to infuse intelligence into their transport, energy, water, telecommunications and other systems, it begs the question… how will the operations of government work to stimulate economies and itself become smarter? Smarter governments will do more than simply regulate the outputs of our economic and societal systems. They will be a smoothly functioning system itself, interconnecting dynamically with citizens, communities and businesses in real time to spark growth, innovation, smarter decision-making, and progress. CITIZEN-AND BUSINESS CENTERED DESIGN Shift towards a citizen-centered business model to improve services, experiences and outcomes while lowering costs. Interconnect dynamically with citizens, communities and businesses to spark growth, innovation and progress. Enable online license renewals and validation of license holders. INTEGRATED DELIVERY OF SERVICES Connect people to needed programs with speed and accuracy. Enable cities to predict potential issues so preventative measures can be taken. The Cheshire County Council achieved a 20% reduction in time and cost required to perform in-home senior visits, improving the ability to proactively manage the course of health and social care for senior citizens. GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABLITY Results-driven agencies manage, monitor, analyze and report on key initiatives, with measurable outcomes.
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Smart cities foster v1
Let’s Build Smarter Cities Clifford Foster IBM CTO for Sub-Saharan Africa
A planet of smarter cities: By 2050, city dwellers are expected to make up 70% of Earth’s total population.
The city is a microcosm of the major challenges and opportunities facing the planet today - intensified and accelerated. Public Safety Government Services Education Healthcare Transportation Energy and Utilities Telecommunications
Time to act: Cities will increasingly serve as the crucibles where the success or failure of our planet is determined.
Instrumented: We now have the ability to measure, sense and monitor the condition of almost everything. Interconnected: People, systems and objects can communicate and interact with each other in entirely new ways. Intelligent: We can now respond to changes quickly and get better results by predicting and optimizing for future events.
Smarter cities are working to infuse intelligence into each of their core systems. Telecommunications Government Services Education Healthcare Transportation Energy and Utilities Public Safety Public Safety Government Services Education Healthcare Transportation Energy and Utilities Telecommunications
Smarter transportation: An opportunity to improve the transit experience, reduce congestion and limit the impact on the environment. ROAD USER CHARGING ELECTRONIC FARE MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION MANAGEMENT
Smarter energy and utilities: An opportunity to manage supply and demand. SMART GRID BUILDING EFFICIENCY ENERGY PORTAL WATER MANAGEMENT
Smarter healthcare: An opportunity to achieve better quality and outcomes, increase value and improve accountability and sustainability. HEALTH INFORMATION EXCHANGES CONSUMER PORTALS DISEASE SURVEILLANCE
Smarter telecommunications: An opportunity to interconnect the systems of a smarter city and lay the groundwork for longer-term economic growth. SMARTER TRAFFIC SYSTEMS SMARTER HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS . SMARTER FOOD SYSTEMS
Smarter education: An opportunity to nurture our most valuable resource. SMART ADMINISTRATION SMARTER CLASSROOM INNOVATION IN RESEARCH
Smarter public safety: An opportunity to turn data into insight to protect citizens and communities. CRIME DATA AGGREGATION EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT INTEGRATION SMART SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS
Smarter government services: An opportunity to infuse intelligence into needed services, stimulate economies and save taxpayer time and money. CITIZEN AND BUSINESS CENTERED DESIGN INTEGRATED DELIVERY OF SERVICES GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY
How will we infuse intelligence into our city systems to create opportunity and compete on a global scale?