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Open Education & Connectivist MOOCs


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A presentation given to the CTLT Institute (Centre for Teaching, Learning and Technology) at the University of British Columbia in May, 2013. In it I introduce open education, MOOCs, xMOOCs vs cMOOCs, and discuss ETMOOC--a cMOOC I participated in in 2013--as an example of a cMOOC to better explain what (some) cMOOCs are like.

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Open Education & Connectivist MOOCs

  1. 1. Open Education&ConnectivistMOOCsChristina Hendricks, Sr. Instructor, Philosophy &Arts One, UBCCTLT Institute, UBC, May 27, 2013Slides licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Canada license (CC-BY)
  2. 2. Openness• Open source (software)• Open access (publishing)• Open data• Open government• Open business• Open schools• Open education, open educational resourcesPossible to have definition for openness generally?• Free & full access, ability to reuse, revise, remix, redistributeSee, e.g.,
  3. 3. Open Education(some suggested characteristics)Open Content• Free & open educational materials & courses: no costaccess, licensed to allow reuse & modification• Often called “open educational resources” (OER)(see, e.g.,• David Wiley’s “4 R’s” for OER (• Reuse• Revise• Remix• Redistribute
  4. 4. Open Education(some suggested characteristics)Opencontent, cont’d• Free and open instruction, such as lectures,demonstrations being available to watch andrevise/remixStephen Downes’ blog (2010)• Assigned readings free and open: e.g., opentextbooks that students can not only read for freebut copy/paste, print, take notes on, etc.David Wiley’s open course on Open Education:
  5. 5. Open Education(some suggested characteristics)Student work and discussions• Asking students to post some work on publiclyavailable blogs, wikis, video sites, etc.• Some course discussion may be open: e.g.,recording lecture/discussion & posting online,blogs &comments, wikis, Twitter & other socialmedia toolsDavid Wiley’s open course on Open Education:
  6. 6. MOOCs• Massive• Open• Online• Course• MOOC enrollment &completionrates• Some more than others;depends on mng of “open”• Depends on mng of“course”
  7. 7.
  8. 8. xMOOCs&cMOOCs(Terms introduced by Stephen Downes)xMOOCs• Focus is on learning content• Instructors at centre, providing, organizingcontent & assessments• Students encouraged to go through courseuniformly & linearly• Course is housed in one “place” on the web
  9. 9. xMOOCs&cMOOCsConnectivistMOOCs (cMOOCs)• Major focus is on developing connections betweenparticipants to promote learning from each other• Instructors facilitate connections rather than acting asthe main, centralized sources of knowledge• Participants create own paths through course• Course is distributed in various places on the web(though often with a central hub of info)See, e.g.
  10. 10. From Dave Cormier’s video on MOOCs:
  11. 11. xMOOCs&cMOOCsOften cMOOCs involve:• Aggregating: Collecting/reading/viewing infoprovided in course & what you & others find outside• Remixing & repurposing: Blogging, discussingonline, creating new ideas & artifacts• Sharing: giving all of the above back to community& opening it to the public (if you want)Adapted from:
  12. 12.
  13. 13. ETMOOC(Jan-March 2013)
  14. 14. ETMOOC(Jan-March 2013)
  15. 15. (Jan-March 2013)
  16. 16. Ideas for future: cMOOCextensions of on-campus coursesBryan Jackson, Gleneagle Secondary School,Coquitlam, BC Couros, Univ. of Regina http://eci831.caThoughts about this on my blog:
  17. 17. Thank you!And contact infoChristina HendricksSr. Instructor, Philosophy & Arts One, UBCWebsite: @clhendricksbcSlides licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Canada license (CC-BY)