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Population distribution, change & carrying capacity A look at Ethiopia
Ethiopia’s Population <ul><li>Size & rate amongst highest in Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>2004 – Population around 67mn. </li...
Rural Areas <ul><li>Over 75% of Ethiopians live in rural areas and a significant % of these people are pastoral nomads, wh...
Population Distribution <ul><li>The national average is 55 persons per km ². </li></ul><ul><li>Regional level densities ra...
Ethiopian Plateau to the west of the Rift Valley is the most fertile and populated part. Highest densities of population –...
Influence of physical factors <ul><li>About 15% of the population live in areas above 2400m, around 75% live in the zone 1...
Other factors <ul><li>Biological –  Pop growth is higher in populated prosperous areas. Malaria and other illnesses prevai...
Effects <ul><li>Historical pattern of uneven distributed population.  </li></ul><ul><li>Carrying capacities in the favoure...
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Ethiopia

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Ethiopia

  1. 1. Population distribution, change & carrying capacity A look at Ethiopia
  2. 2. Ethiopia’s Population <ul><li>Size & rate amongst highest in Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>2004 – Population around 67mn. </li></ul><ul><li>Annual growth rate – 2.9%. Population will approach 110mn before 2020. That is X2 1994’s population. </li></ul><ul><li>2mn are added each year. </li></ul><ul><li>Cause – high fertility and </li></ul><ul><li>falling DR. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rural Areas <ul><li>Over 75% of Ethiopians live in rural areas and a significant % of these people are pastoral nomads, which makes counting the population both difficult and inaccurate. </li></ul><ul><li>GDP per capita – Just over $100. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the poorest countries in the world. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Population Distribution <ul><li>The national average is 55 persons per km ². </li></ul><ul><li>Regional level densities range from 30-100 persons per km². </li></ul><ul><li>The distribution is strongly conditioned by altitude & relief. Physically, Ethiopia consists of 2 great plateaux separated by part of the great Rift Valley. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ethiopian Plateau to the west of the Rift Valley is the most fertile and populated part. Highest densities of population – capital – Addis Ababa (6mn) Desert 4250m Narrow valley, dotted with lakes.
  6. 6. Influence of physical factors <ul><li>About 15% of the population live in areas above 2400m, around 75% live in the zone 1500m-2400m and only 10% live below 1500m – despite the fact that over half of Ethiopia’s territory falls in this last category. </li></ul><ul><li>Above 3000m the terrain is rugged and the temperatures are low. Below 1500m there are high temperatures, low rainfall and recurrent droughts. </li></ul>Altitude generally seen as negative, but not in Ethiopia. Too poor to afford technology to deal with problems such as drought e.g. Irrigation.
  7. 7. Other factors <ul><li>Biological – Pop growth is higher in populated prosperous areas. Malaria and other illnesses prevail in the lower parts of the country, which prevent people settling. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic – 75% dependent on farming. </li></ul><ul><li>Social factors – The pull of Addis Abba ( rural to urban migration) is concentrating the pop on the Ethiopian plateau. </li></ul><ul><li>Technological – It is poor, so little technology available to open up remote areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Political – Long standing border dispute with Eritrea mean money is spent on the armed forces rather than dealing with the demographic situation. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Effects <ul><li>Historical pattern of uneven distributed population. </li></ul><ul><li>Carrying capacities in the favoured areas are being pushed to their limits. Malnutrition, starvation indicate this has been reached in some areas. </li></ul><ul><li>HIV rate of 11% is the sad solution which may slow down population growth. </li></ul>

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