Welcome to EPA… Reading Module 3, Reading Comprehensions Skills, Compare and Contrast
A Venn diagram can help illustrate how two things or ideas or groups might be the same and how they might be different. A Venn diagram consists of overlapping circles. Where the cicles overlapp is where we see things that are alike about the two topics. So if we look here we can see….
Let’s look at an example of a paragraph that compares and contrasts
Take 15 seconds to read this paragraph on Sharks
Now let’s analyse the similarities and differences…
Here is the information represented in a Venn Diagram… Now we’re going to look at information on a website…
Here is some information on 2 types of lighting from the BC Hydro website. Take 30 seconds to look it over
Now let’s highlight the relevant information….
Here’s the information represented in a Venn Diagram- note no information was presented that explained any similarities.
With compare and contrast, we can often find language that indicates something is being compared or contasted….
How something is the same or similar.
How are a pencil and a piece of chalk the same?
You use both to write with.
They are both long and round.
How something is different.
Used to write on paper.
Color is black.
Used to write on a black board.
Color is white
Using a Venn DiagramUsing a Venn Diagram
Used on paper
Used to write
long and round
Comparing & ContrastingComparing & Contrasting
Reading a paragraph or document about two
or more things can be confusing.
You can sort out the information by looking to see how they are
the same and how they are different.
Doing this can help you understand what you are reading.
The great white shark lives in the deep,
cold seas. It will attack large animals such
as sea lions. The bull shark lives mostly in
shallow waters. It is sometimes found in
rivers. These sharks are both very good
swimmers and hunters. Both kinds of
sharks have lots of teeth.
This paragraph compares
The great white shark and the bull shark.
What kind of swimmer are both sharks? very good
How many teeth do these sharks have? lots of teeth
Where does the great white shark live? deep, cold seas
Where does the bull shark live? shallow waters
Venn DiagramVenn Diagram
Lots of teeth
Great white shark
Deep, cold seas
Comparing 2 Types of LightingComparing 2 Types of Lighting
Highlighting Relevant InformationHighlighting Relevant Information
Compare and ContrastCompare and Contrast
More Key PhrasesMore Key Phrases
Key words commonly used to express
like same too
similar In the same way as
most important have in common the same as
similarly alike as well as
Contrasting Key PhrasesContrasting Key Phrases
although yet whereas
however but while
differ instead unless
unlike on the contrary contrary to
in contrast even though on the other hand
Sorting out similarities and differences
can help you understand a text
Look for key words and phrases to help
you determine the similarities and
differences of 2 or more things, topics or
Use a Venn diagram to help you visualize
the similarities and differences