Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill


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Learn about the role of Paraphrasing in Reading Comprehension

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  • Welcome to EPA…. Reading Module 2 Reading Comprehension Skills, Paraphrasing
  • Basically what does this mean in my own words… We usually paraphrase part of a text – if we are discussing a whole text or document, we are often summarizing and not paraphrasing
  • Cue Card #2
  • Cue Card #8 We are going to look at this article and look at some techniques in paraphrasing. Take 30 seconds to read it.
  • Here is the article again, but we have highlighted key words and phrases. Now let’s take a sentence from the article and paraphrase it using certain techniques.
  • Cue Card #3
  • Cue Card #4
  • Cue Card #11Here is an example of a different type of document – take 15 seconds to skim it. Notice the headings
  • Let’s highlight key words and phrases
  • Here are some examples of information from the text that has been paraphrased
  • Let’s highlight key words and phrases
  • Paraphrasing- a Reading Comprehension Skill

    1. 1. Reading Comprehension Skills Paraphrasing
    2. 2. Paraphrasing means putting information into your own words <ul><li>You can paraphrase: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A single word </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A phrase or group of words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A sentence or sentences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An image </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A chart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A table or graph </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Why paraphrase? <ul><li>When we paraphrase… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>we demonstrate our comprehension of a written text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>we demonstrate our comprehension of a spoken text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>we enhance our understanding of a text by putting it in our own words </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you can explain something in your own words, then you have a good understanding of a topic </li></ul>
    4. 4. Characteristics of a Good Paraphrase <ul><li>A paraphrase must be correct . ✓ </li></ul><ul><li>A paraphrase must include your own words </li></ul><ul><li>A paraphrase must make sense . </li></ul>
    5. 5. Example Paragraph from a Newspaper Article
    6. 6. Notice key words <ul><li>Let’s look at our article again, but we will highlight key words and phrases: </li></ul><ul><li>The information at </li></ul><ul><li>the bottom of the </li></ul><ul><li>page is details </li></ul>
    7. 7. How to paraphrase? <ul><li>Here are some ideas for creating your own words for the headline: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Vancouver company creates GPS-enabled goggles to deliver instant feedback for skiing and snowboarding” </li></ul><ul><li>Synonyms </li></ul><ul><li>A synonym is a word that has the same meaning or a very close </li></ul><ul><li> meaning to the original word. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples : </li></ul><ul><li>A synonym for Vancouver company is a local company . </li></ul><ul><li>A synonym for GPS-enabled goggles is goggles with GPS </li></ul><ul><li>A synonym for instant is immediate . </li></ul><ul><li>You do not have to change every word – certain key words cannot be changed </li></ul><ul><li>Our paraphrase now reads: </li></ul><ul><li>A local company creates goggles with GPS to deliver immediate feedback for skiing and snowboarding </li></ul>
    8. 8. How else do I paraphrase? <ul><li>Grammar and Word Form </li></ul><ul><li>Another idea is to change the grammar or word form: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Skiing and snowboarding has taken on a new high tech twist.” </li></ul><ul><li>Could become: </li></ul><ul><li>A new high tech innovation has been developed for skiers and snowboarders </li></ul><ul><li>Note the active to the passive voice and the verb change: has taken on = has been developed </li></ul><ul><li>Note the the synonym for twist = innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Note the word form change for skiing = skiers </li></ul><ul><li>Note the word form change for snowboarding = snowboarders </li></ul>
    9. 9. Other Types of Documents: Graph Example
    10. 10. Highlighted Information
    11. 11. Paraphrased Information <ul><li>Employment statistics remained fairly constant in September with a slight drop </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease in part time work was balanced with an increase in full time jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Young people aged 15-24 were especially affected. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Highlighted Information
    13. 13. Conclusion <ul><li>When we paraphrase, we put parts of a text into our own words </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrasing demonstrates understanding– if you can explain it in your own words, you have a good understanding of an idea or phrase </li></ul><ul><li>To paraphrase, use such techniques as synonyms, changing grammar and word forms </li></ul>
    14. 14. Sources <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> paraphrasing.ppt </li></ul><ul><li>► </li></ul>