J A N E E L L E N I N N E S
C L E A R Y U N I V E R S I T Y
L I B R A R Y
J E I N N E S @ C L E A R Y. E D U
WHAT WE ARE COVERING
What is research?
Internet searching (search engines, strategies, tips)
Cleary’s proprietary databases
WHAT IS RESEARCH?
Primary versus secondary research
Writing process stage 2: collecting
How does research benefit your papers?
Where to begin
What is critical thinking and why is it important?
Taking what you know, combining with what you learn to
reach new conclusion
Start with broad concepts and narrow
BETTER SEARCHING WITH CRITICAL THINKING
Who is interested in what you are looking for?
Learn about your topic as you search
Get information from search summaries
Increase your topic specific vocabulary as you search
WHAT ARE SEARCH ENGINES?
Full text of web pages
Use keywords matching words in pages you want
Built by computer robot programs
No selectivity, no evaluation for reliability
Each is different - Minimal standardization
All accept “quotes” to search as phrase
Good ones assume AND between words
HOW DO YOU MEASURE A SEARCH ENGINE’S
Size, freshness & unique pages
How comprehensive are they?
Ranking of results
What order are results displayed in?
Default search mode effectiveness
Intuitive and easy to use?
Advanced search options
Can you perform complex searches
Can you limit by date, type of site, etc?
Overall convenience and usefulness
Do you get junk or good stuff?
HOW TO GET THE BEST RESULTS FROM SEARCH
Match words in pages - FULL TEXT
Be as specific as you can
search on distinctive words - fallujah
put “phrases in quotes” “affordable care act”
scan your question for good search terms
Start with one or two words or phrases
add as needed to focus results
AND (+) Must include all terms
NOT (-) Must exclude term/s
In quotes - must
include exact phrase
OR Match any terms
META SEARCH ENGINES
Meta Search Engines search multiple sites and
retrieve combined results.
Meta Search Engines Explained
(thanks UC Berkeley)
Multiple Search Engines, Meta Search Engines, or
CHOOSING THE BEST SEARCH ENGINE
Check NoodleTools (yes, NoodleTools): Search Engine Advice
UC Berkeley Recommendations
Search Engine Recommendations
Subject Directory Recommendations
10 Best Search Engines of 2013 (About.com)
GET A SECOND OPINION
Statistics say no search engine has it all
Only about 60% of pages in Google are also in other
Only 50% of pages in any search engine database
are also found in all others
Use more than one search engine