Enhancing performance diet

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Enhancing performance diet

  1. 1. ENHANCING PERFORMANCE<br />Dietary Considerations<br />
  2. 2. NEED TO KNOW<br />Nutrition<br /><ul><li>Carb Loading
  3. 3. Glycemic Index
  4. 4. Carb Gels
  5. 5. Protein Supplements
  6. 6. Caffeine Supplements</li></ul>Hydration<br /><ul><li>Water
  7. 7. Sports Drinks
  8. 8. Intravenous Drips</li></li></ul><li>NEED TO DO<br /><ul><li>Compare and contrast practices designed to enhance performance and recovery
  9. 9. Analyse and evaluate nutrition and hydration procedures to enhance individual performance and recovery</li></li></ul><li>WHEN IS DIET IMPORTANT?<br /><ul><li> Pre
  10. 10. During
  11. 11. Post</li></li></ul><li>CARBOHYDRATE LOADING<br /><ul><li> 10 days prior to major competition
  12. 12. Increase in carbohydrate stores
  13. 13. Tapering training </li></ul>Discuss the following:<br /><ul><li> Carbohydrate loading is only really of benefit for endurance events lasting longer than 90 seconds
  14. 14. Carbohydrate loading is used widely in elite level AFL football</li></li></ul><li>Carbohydrate loading<br />Sample menu plan for a 70kg athlete aiming to carbohydrate load. Note that it is important to snack regularly when carbohydrate loading.<br />
  15. 15. GLYCEMIC INDEX<br /><ul><li> Scale 0 to 100
  16. 16. Effect on blood sugar levels in 2 hours
  17. 17. Pre exercise – Low GI
  18. 18. During Exercise – Moderate – High GI
  19. 19. Post Exercise – High GI</li></li></ul><li>ACTIVITY <br />HUMAN CONTINUUM<br /> Rank each of the following foods according to their glycemic index in a continuum from one side of the room to the other<br />
  20. 20. HYDRATION<br /><ul><li> Body core temp around 37 degrees
  21. 21. How do we hydrate?
  22. 22. Is only hydration important?</li></li></ul><li>Waterboy Clip<br />
  23. 23. Gaterade Clip<br />
  24. 24. WHICH DRINK?<br /><ul><li> Osmolality?
  25. 25. When?
  26. 26. Purpose?</li></li></ul><li>CARBOHYDRATE GELS<br /><ul><li>Dehydrated sports drinks
  27. 27. Replace energy stores
  28. 28. Need to be taken with fluid (water or sports drink?)
  29. 29. Why use instead of sports drink?</li></li></ul><li>ORAL vs INTRAVENOUS<br /><ul><li> Oral through mouth
  30. 30. Intravenous through vein
  31. 31. IV used in hospitals
  32. 32. Banned in NRL and AFL
  33. 33. Used in NFL
  34. 34. No real scientific basis</li></li></ul><li>DIET SUPPLEMENTS<br /><ul><li> Addition to regular diet to achieve nutritional goal
  35. 35. Natural or Synthetic
  36. 36. What considerations?
  37. 37. AIS Supplement program (Group A, B, C, D) </li></li></ul><li>CAFFEINE<br /><ul><li>Stimulate CNS
  38. 38. Glycogen sparing effect
  39. 39. Improves muscle contractility
  40. 40. Large individual differences
  41. 41. Increase in dose ≠ increase in performance
  42. 42. Dangerous effects on heart rhythms
  43. 43. Long vs short distance
  44. 44. Banned until 2004
  45. 45. Constantly under review</li></li></ul><li>PROTEIN<br /><ul><li>Provides the raw material for muscle construction and repair
  46. 46. Promotes glycogen resynthesis
  47. 47. Plays important role in the immune system
  48. 48. Critical to the endocrine system
  49. 49. Prevents sports anemia
  50. 50. When to take?
  51. 51. How to take?
  52. 52. Any side effects?</li></li></ul><li>EXAM QUESTION<br />
  53. 53. SAMPLE RESPONSE<br />

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