Abstract sculpture unit

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Informational presentation for beginning sculpture classes. Focuses on three sculptors who use abstraction in their work:
Henry Moore, Barbara Hepworth, Constantin Brancusi. Students will use their work as inspiration to create their own abstract sculpture carved from plaster.

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Abstract sculpture unit

  1. 1. Abstract Sculpture Examples (3 Artists) Art 3/D Comp I You need your SB. Information in italics you will need to record, as well as all sculptures.
  2. 2. Artists that used carving as a method to create sculpture • Henry Moore • Barbara Hepworth • Constantin Brancusi
  3. 3. Henry Moore: look at these websites • The Henry Moore Foundation • Artcyclopedia
  4. 4. Henry Moore Biography • British Sculptor • 1898-1986 • Son of a coal miner
  5. 5. Henry Moore Biography • Studied at the Royal College of Art in London until 1925 • Attracted to African, Pre-Columbian, and Medieval art
  6. 6. Henry Moore Biography • Worked in plaster, stone, and bronze • Influenced by the contours of nature and the human figure
  7. 7. Henry Moore Biography • Henry Moore is famous for working abstractly. • He simplified objects by breaking them down into curves, angles, and shapes
  8. 8. Henry Moore Biography • For example, his 1939 sculpture Reclining Figure is known for a series of holes that pierce the solid mass and transforms it into a kind of landscape of caves and tunnels
  9. 9. Reclining Figure by Henry Moore • Carved from Elm (wood) • 1939
  10. 10. Look at these images • Wikipedia entry for Henry Moore
  11. 11. Two Piece Reclining Figure No. 5 • Bronze
  12. 12. Family Group • Carved Stone
  13. 13. Large Interior Form • Bronze
  14. 14. Barbara Hepworth • British sculptor • 1903-1975 • Was close friends with Henry Moore and his art influenced hers. • Her interest in sculpture began when she visited Italy in 1925 and learned how to carve marble.
  15. 15. Barbara Hepworth • Was attracted to Egyptian and Greek art. • She married British artist Ben Nicholson and they worked together to make successful art.
  16. 16. Barbara Hepworth • In 1939 she began incorporating string into her sculpture.
  17. 17. Barbara Hepworth • She also focused on working with wood. • What would be the advantage to carving wood over stone?
  18. 18. Barbara Hepworth • Title: Oval Sculpture • Media: Wood with painted white interior
  19. 19. Barbara Hepworth • Title: Garden • Media: Bronze
  20. 20. Barbara Hepworth • Title: Conoid Sculpture and Hollow II • Marble
  21. 21. Barbara Hepworth • Title: Wave • Date: 1943 • Media: wood with white painted interior and strings
  22. 22. Barbara Hepworth • Title: Two Segments and Sphere • Date: 1935-1936 • Media: Marble
  23. 23. Constantin Brancusi • Born in Romania • Lived from 1876-1957
  24. 24. Constantin Brancusi • Ran away at age 11 and worked as an apprentice to a cabinet maker • In 1904 Brancusi left to study art in Paris
  25. 25. Constantin Brancusi • Worked in marble, plaster, and bronze • Experimented with the form of the egg, human head, and teardrop
  26. 26. Constantin Brancusi • He used the egg (as a metaphor) to concentrate on ideas of creation, birth, life, and death. • Title: The Newborn
  27. 27. Constantin Brancusi • He also focused on variations of abstracting the human face and body.
  28. 28. Constantin Brancusi • Title: Mademoiselle Pogany III • Date: 1931 • Marble • This sculpture lacks a mouth and the brows merge gracefully into the nose.
  29. 29. Constantin Brancusi • Title: The Muse • Media: white marble • Date: 1912 • What does the word muse mean?
  30. 30. Constantin Brancusi • Title: Bird in Space • Date: 1925 • Media: marble, bronze, and wood
  31. 31. 31 Brancusi exhibit in the Philadelphia Museum of Art 31
  32. 32. Sketchbook Assignment • As other students are mixing and pouring their cups, work on this entry in your sketchbook • Draw out 2 idea sketches that demonstrate the elements and principles of design. 32
  33. 33. • Try to focus on abstraction—the shape & form of your idea can remind you of concrete objects, but shouldn’t obviously resemble them. • Think back to the images of Henry Moore, Barbara Hepworth, and Brancusi—use them as inspiration!! 33
  34. 34. Your 3 idea sketches must include: • A “negative space” carved through the sculpture that you can see through. • Colored with colored pencils to show what you want your finished sculpture to look like. • Front and back views. 34
  35. 35. • Tomorrow you will finish your drawings; together we will choose the best one. • You will create a maquette: a small, scale model of your sculpture idea, It is used to visualize and test shapes and ideas without producing a final product. • You will use modeling clay to make your maquette. 35
  36. 36. Brainstorming • You can start out by drawing a simple object, then simplifying it (removing detail, using simple shapes and curves). • Or, you can think about combining simple shapes and forms: geometric or organic. 36

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