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# 5 geometry and measurement

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### 5 geometry and measurement

1. 1. Geometry and Measurement<br />5th Grade MCA Vocabulary<br />
2. 2. height<br />How tall something is.<br />By J. Scheumann and C. Sorenson 2011<br />
3. 3. height of a parallelogram<br />One of the sides of a parallelogram; also the length of this side. <br />By J. Scheumann and C. Sorenson 2011<br />
4. 4. height of a rectangle<br />One of the sides of a rectangle; also length of this side. The length of the side perpendicular to the base is the height of a rectangle.<br />By J. Scheumann and C. Sorenson 2011<br />
5. 5. height of 3-dimensional figure<br />One face or a pair of faces on the figure. The height is the length of a line segment drawn perpendicular to a base of the figure that extends from the base to the opposite face or vertex.<br />By J. Scheumann and C. Sorenson 2011<br />
6. 6. height of a triangle<br />One of the sides of a triangle; also, the length of its side. The shortest distance between the base and the vertex opposite the base is the height of a triangle.<br />By J. Scheumann and C. Sorenson 2011<br />
7. 7. edge<br />A line segment where two faces of a polyhedron meet.<br />By J. Scheumann and C. Sorenson 2011<br />
8. 8. face<br />face<br />A flat surface that bounds a 3-dimensional shape.<br />By J. Scheumann and C. Sorenson 2011<br />
9. 9. base<br />base<br />Any side of a polygon, usually used, along with the altitude perpendicular to it, for computing area. <br />2. The flat face of faces that define the shape when classifying polyhedrons.<br />By J. Scheumann and C. Sorenson 2011<br />
10. 10. base of a parallelogram<br />One of the sides of a parallelogram; also the length of this side. <br />By J. Scheumann and C. Sorenson 2011<br />
11. 11. base of a polygon<br />The side on which the polygon “sits”; the side that is perpendicular to the height of the polygon. <br />By J. Scheumann and C. Sorenson 2011<br />
12. 12. base of a polyhedron<br />The “bottom” face of a polyhedron; the face whose shape is the base for classifying a prism or pyramid. <br />By J. Scheumann and C. Sorenson 2011<br />
13. 13. base of a rectangle<br />One of the sides of a rectangle; also length of this side. The length of the side perpendicular to the base is the height of a rectangle.<br />By J. Scheumann and C. Sorenson 2011<br />
14. 14. base of 3-dimensional figure<br />One face or a pair of faces on the figure. The height is the length of a line segment drawn perpendicular to a base of the figure that extends from the base to the opposite face or vertex.<br />By J. Scheumann and C. Sorenson 2011<br />
15. 15. base of a triangle<br />One of the sides of a triangle; also, the length of its side. The shortest distance between the base and the vertex opposite the base is the height of a triangle.<br />By J. Scheumann and C. Sorenson 2011<br />
16. 16. formula<br />A formula for distance traveled<br /> can be written as d = r * t<br /> where the variable d<br />stands for distance, <br />r for speed, and t for time.<br />A general rule for finding the value of something. A formula is often written in abbreviated form with letters, called variables.<br />By J. Scheumann and C. Sorenson 2011<br />
17. 17. volume<br />The measure of the amount of space a 3-dimensional shape takes up.<br />By J. Scheumann and C. Sorenson 2011<br />
18. 18. surface area<br />The total area of the surface of a three-dimensional object<br />
19. 19. net<br />Click here to try it!<br />A pattern that you can cut and fold to make a model of a solid shape/<br />
20. 20. triangular prism<br />A prism whose bases are triangles.<br />
21. 21. triangular pyramid<br />A pyramid whose bases (faces) are triangles.<br />
22. 22. 3-dimensional (3-D)<br />Objects with thickness, length and width.<br />
23. 23. cubes<br />A polyhedron with six square faces. One regular polyhedron.<br />
24. 24. prism<br />A polyhedron with two parallel flat faces (bases) with the same size and shape.<br />
25. 25. pyramid<br />A polyhedron <br />(3-dimensional shape) in which one face (base) is a polygon and the other faces are triangles with a common vertex (apex).<br />
26. 26. cone<br />apex<br />curved surface<br />base<br />A 3-dimensional shape having a circular base, a curved surface, and one vertex, called the apex.<br />
27. 27. cylinder<br />A 3-dimensional shape having a curved surface and parallel circular or elliptical bases that are the same size.<br />