Tudor explorers


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Ben's homework presentation following his research into Tudor explorers

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Tudor explorers

  1. 1. By Ben Briggs
  2. 3. <ul><li>Sir Francis Drake was the first Englishman to sail around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>He was born in 1542 and died in 1596. </li></ul><ul><li>He was born in Devon and went to sea at an early age. </li></ul><ul><li>Drake was an Elizabethan sailor and navigator. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1585, Elizabeth commissioned Drake to raid Spanish settlements in the Caribbean. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1570 and 1571, Drake made two profitable trading voyages to the west Indies. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1585, Drake sailed to the west Indies and the coast of Florida where he sacked and plundered Spanish cities. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Sir Francis Drake sailed round the world, he started his route in Plymouth. He set sail and went through the straits of Magellan (southern tip of south America) into the pacific, coasted up the western shores of the Americas, crossed to Asia and the Philippines, and finally returned to Britain on September 26, 1580. On the way round the world Sir Francis Drake collected an amazing amount of money - it was enough to pay off the national debt, he had also returned with lots of new foods and spices. Sir Francis Drake was knighted for his courage and the money he brought back with him. Sir Francis Drake also became an MP and was also awarded a very big house ( his crew received nothing!)
  4. 5. In 1587, Elizabeth I put Drake in command of an expedition to attack a Spanish fleet which was getting ready to attack England. Drake sailed right in to Cadiz harbour and wrecked the ships there, before going on to capture another hundred Spanish ships elsewhere. It is said he’d ‘singed the king of Spain’s beard’. By 1588, he was Vice-Admiral of the fleet which defeated the Spanish armada. As a sailor, adventurer, navigator, politician, engineer and landowner, Drake was as famous in his own lifetime as David Beckham is today. He was one of the most famous men in Elizabethan times.
  5. 6. <ul><li>1542 - Drake is born </li></ul><ul><li>1567 – Drake’s first voyage, slave trading </li></ul><ul><li>1570 - West Indies </li></ul><ul><li>1571 – West Indies </li></ul><ul><li>1572 – Attack Spanish in the Caribbean </li></ul><ul><li>1577 - Secret mission against the Spanish in America </li></ul><ul><li>1578 - Renamed Drakes ship from pelican to Golden Hinde </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>1578 – First Englishman to navigate straits of Magellan </li></ul><ul><li>1580 – Arrived back in England after going round the world </li></ul><ul><li>1581 – made a knight by Elizabeth I </li></ul><ul><li>1585 – Sailed to the west Indies </li></ul><ul><li>1587 – Destroyed Spanish ships in the Port of Cadiz </li></ul><ul><li>1588 - Acted as Vice Admiral against the Spanish Armada </li></ul><ul><li>1595 – failed voyage to the Caribbean </li></ul><ul><li>1596 – Drake dies of dysentery, off the coast of Puerto Rico </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>1552-1618 </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Walter Raleigh was a generation younger than Drake. </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Walter Raleigh was one of the most colourful men of his day – a poet, courtier, soldier and sailor. </li></ul><ul><li>He charmed the Queen and gained her favour by suppressing rebellion in Ireland. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1592, Raleigh married one of Elizabeth’s maids of honour without her permission and was briefly sent to the tower. </li></ul><ul><li>Raleigh was in charge of Cornwall’s defences during the Armada, but did not sail with the fleet </li></ul><ul><li>Raleigh can also be spelt Ralegh, in fact nearly forty variations of his name have been recorded! </li></ul>
  8. 9. Sir Walter Raleigh’s ship. Sir Walter Raleigh thought there were new places to be discovered and that was when his exploration began. He travelled to America a lot and he sponsored the first English colony in America. (Which failed.) He is credited with discovering the potato and tobacco but these were already known by the Spanish. He set off to find El Dorado ( he failed.) In 1616 he was allowed again to go and look for El Dorado ( this was also a failure.) He attacked the Spanish instead which led to his downfall. (As you can see not all of his missions were very successful although he did write some very famous books, including History of the World!)
  9. 10. <ul><li>1552 – Raleigh was born </li></ul><ul><li>1578 – Sail to America </li></ul><ul><li>1580 – Raleigh butchered 600 people to suppress rebellion in Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>1585 – Sponsored first English colony in America, as we know it now north Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>1585 – Colonists return home starving </li></ul><ul><li>1587 – Attempts to set up new colony in the same place, all colonists disappear </li></ul><ul><li>1587 – He is knighted </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>1592 – Imprisoned in the tower </li></ul><ul><li>1595 – Failed voyage to El Dorado </li></ul><ul><li>1596 – Assists in leading attack on Spanish </li></ul><ul><li>1603 – James I comes to the throne </li></ul><ul><li>1603 – Raleigh is sentenced to death for treason </li></ul><ul><li>1616 – second failed voyage to El Dorado </li></ul><ul><li>1618 - Executed </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Elizabeth's successor, James I of England and VI of Scotland, disliked Raleigh, and in 1603 he was accused of plotting against the king and sentenced to death. This was reduced to life imprisonment and Raleigh spent the next 12 years in the Tower of London, where he wrote the first volume of his 'History of the World' (1614). </li></ul><ul><li>In 1616, Raleigh was released to lead a second expedition to search for El Dorado. The expedition was a failure, and Raleigh also defied the king's instructions by attacking the Spanish. On his return to England, the death sentence was reinstated and Raleigh's execution took place on 29 October 1618. </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Sir Francis Drake </li></ul><ul><li>The Golden Hinde </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Walter Raleigh </li></ul><ul><li>The Falcon </li></ul>Galleons were powered by wind and voyages could take many months or years. The ships were large and difficult to manoeuvre. They were broad and slow with decks specially for cannons.
  13. 15. <ul><li>the excitement of travelling to new places where no British people had ever been. </li></ul><ul><li>to become rich by finding new places to trade and to bring back expensive goods like spices, silk and precious metals </li></ul><ul><li>to find a new place to live where they would be able to practise their religion in freedom. It must have been very hard for them during the 118 years the Tudors ruled because they were often forced to change their religion depending on the religion of the monarch. </li></ul><ul><li>It was licensed piracy! Queen Elizabeth gained a lot of wealth from plundering and stealing. </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>Life was very cramped and the sailors lived in these conditions for many months and sometimes even years. The sailors often slept on the deck and had only the clothes they wore. </li></ul><ul><li>The ships were dirty and infested with mice. </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>Tudor sailors had to take food that would last. They preserved food by drying, salting, smoking and pickling and took food which kept naturally, like nuts. Food was often infested with worms and other creatures. </li></ul><ul><li>The sailors did not eat fresh food and so were often short of vitamins, which led to diseases like scurvy making their teeth fall out and giving them lots of sores.  </li></ul>Ships biscuit or ‘hard tack’ would have to be tapped before eating to get rid of the insects!
  16. 18. <ul><li>More trade </li></ul><ul><li>Discovery of tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Discovery of potatoes and maize </li></ul><ul><li>Better knowledge of the world </li></ul><ul><li>Colonising other countries </li></ul><ul><li>More accurate maps </li></ul><ul><li>Better ship building </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary/language </li></ul><ul><li>Better navigation </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>Thank you for listening. </li></ul><ul><li>Any Questions? </li></ul>