Here are some examples of search boxes. Look at how they differ with regard to the use of Boolean operators and different fields. The last example is from Google scholar. It’s using Boolean searching without the operators. Can you tell which descriptions replace which search methods?
Engl1102-- Search Strategy-- Nagel
LIBRARYINSTRUCTIONErin L. Nagel, Spring 2013
Information Literacy OutcomesRecognize an information need and formulate research questions Define an information need and develop a strategyEfficiently access information relevant to the identified need Know where to look Implement and refine search strategyCritically evaluate information using applicable criteria Evaluate information before you use it
Library researchWhat do I want to know?How do I find it?How do I know if it’s right for me?
Define an information needReview your assignment How many sources? What type(s)? What is the audience? What is the intended purpose?Brainstorm for ideas Talk to friends; browse web; read newspaperIdentify main topic and related concepts Use a thesaurus; break down by subtopicPut it all together Develop a search strategy
Search strategyUse “ “ or ( ) to keep words together & in order, i.e., “senior citizens” or (senior citizens)Connect with Boolean operators AND isAND = narrow automatically used by Google and other search engines to combine terms.OR = expand Sometimes a program will use a + or – toNOT = exclude substitute for AND or NOT
Search termsUse these anywhere CONCEPT 1 CONCEPT 2 CONCEPT 3 Main topic Related concept Subtopic OR OR OR AND AND synonym synonym synonym OR OR OR synonym synonym synonym • (Concept1 OR Synonym1A) AND Concept 2 • Concept 1 AND (Concept2 OR Synonym2B) AND Concept3 • (Concept1 OR Synonym1A OR Synonym1B) AND Synonym3A
Search methodsKeyword Everyday language Searches everywhere in an item’s record MORE results, but may be LESS accurateSubject Formal language Specific, predetermined terms FEWER results, but may be MORE accurateOther fields Search in specific fields like Title or Author Options vary by database
What if I still can’t find what I’mlooking for?Give upSwitch topicsDrop out of schoolLook in a LibGuide for tips and suggested resourcesAsk a librarian for help
Next steps Efficiently access information relevant to the identified need See presentation Critically evaluate information using applicable criteria See presentation Appropriately use information to fulfill the identified need Go to: http://clayton.libguides.com/ENGL1102 and http://clayton.libguides.com/Research for tips on citing sources and avoiding plagiarism