First lesson 2011 a

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First lesson 2011 a

  1. 1. Howmuch do youknow?<br />How are soundsproduced?<br />Which are some of theorgansinvolvedto produce speech?<br />Whyisitimportanttoknowhowsounds are articulated?<br />How are soundsclassified?<br />What is a phoneme? <br />A phoneme is the smallest contrastive unit in the sound system of a language.<br />How many phonetic sounds are there in the IPA? <br />44<br />
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  5. 5. Description of Places of Articulation<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. Why is important to know how sounds are articulated?<br />Understanding the process and anatomy of speech can assist teachers in teaching ELL learners.<br />
  8. 8. Sounds can be voiced or voiceless. <br />Voiced sounds require vibration of the muscles in the larynx that form the vocal bands. <br />The space between these bands is called the “glottis.”<br />
  9. 9. Speech results from a complex interaction between several systems in the body.<br />The brain, the sense of hearing, the lungs, larynx, vocal tract, and tongue all work together to produce the sounds of the English language.<br />
  10. 10. Manner of articulation<br />Place of articulation<br />
  11. 11. Bilabial sounds: p-b<br />Alveolar sounds: t-d<br />Velar sounds: k-g<br />PLOSIVES<br />
  12. 12. Affricates<br />Palato- alveolar sounds: tʃ- dʒ<br />Fricatives<br /><ul><li>Labio dental: f-v
  13. 13. Dental sounds: θ- ð</li></li></ul><li>Bilabial sound: m<br />Alveolar sound: n<br />Velar sound: ŋ<br />Nasals<br />
  14. 14. Laterals<br />Lateral sound: l<br />Approximants<br /><ul><li>Post-alveolar sound: r
  15. 15. Palatal semi-vowel: j
  16. 16. A labio-velar semi-vowel: w</li></li></ul><li>
  17. 17. Readthedescriptions and writethesound<br />Approximant and palato- alveolar sound, the tongue is held behind the alveolar ridge (not touching). Voiced <br />A palatal approximant sound. The tongue is in the position of a close front vowel (similar to /I/). The soft palate is raised and the sound glides quickly to the following vowel /ə/. Voiced <br />A lateral sound, a partial closure is made by the blade of the tongue against the alveolar ridge. Air is able to flow around the sides of the tongue. Voiced <br />
  18. 18. 4. A plosive bilabial sound, total closure is made using both lips. The soft palate is raised and is unvoiced.<br />Plosive velar sound, closureismadebythe back of thetongueagainstthesoftpalate, it’sunvoiced.<br />Affricatepalato alveolar sound. Thetonguetip, blade and rimscloseagainstthe alveolar ridge and sideteeth. Thefront of thetongueisraised and whenthe air isreleasedthereis audible friction, it’svoiced<br />Fricativeglottalsound. Air passesfromthelungsthroughthe open glottis, causing audible friction, unvoiced<br />
  19. 19. Phonemic Alphabet<br />The English Consonants<br />
  20. 20. CONSONANTS<br />Voiceless<br />Voiced<br />pen, copy, happen <br />back , baby, job <br />tea, tight, button<br />day, ladder, add<br />key, clock, school<br />get, giggle, ghost <br />thing, author, path<br />this, other, smooth<br />fat, coffee, rough, photo<br />view, heavy, move<br />soon, cease, sister <br />zero, music, buzz<br />ship, sure, national<br />pleasure, vision<br />church, match, nature<br />judge, age, soldier<br />
  21. 21. CONSONANTS<br />Nasals<br />Lateral<br />more, hammer, sum <br />light, valley, feel<br />nice, know, funny, sun<br />Approximants <br />ring, anger, thanks, sung <br />right, wrong, sorry <br />Glottal<br />wet, one, when, queen<br />hot, whole, ahead<br />yet, use, beauty, few<br />
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  23. 23. Seven knights are ready for the Joust!<br />AIL<br />UCK<br />ASH<br />TAR<br />EAT<br />EAR<br />ARK<br />LATE<br />ABLE<br />IP<br />
  24. 24. Get ready for the Joust!<br />OP<br />AP<br />ACK<br />IG<br />ICK<br />UG<br />OCK<br />EST<br />
  25. 25. /rɪ'vɪ__ən/ <br />/__ɪ'pɑ:rtʃər/<br />/'edʒə‘__eɪʃən / <br />/'nɑ:lɪ__ /<br />/ˈ___ʌndərstrʌk/<br />/'kʌl__ər/<br />/ˈ__rekfəst/<br />/'ækwə'zɪ__ən / <br />/‘__ɑ:klət / <br />/'eɪn__ənt/<br /><ul><li>/‘__ɔ:rtʃn̩ətli /
  26. 26. /'læ__gwɪdʒ/
  27. 27. /əˈblaɪ__d/
  28. 28. /'ædvərtaɪ__ɪŋ /
  29. 29. /'læ__tər /
  30. 30. /kləʊ__z/
  31. 31. /kən'klu:__ən/
  32. 32. /'grænˌfɑ:__ər /
  33. 33. /__ɪs'fɔ:rtʃən /
  34. 34. /'kæ__uəl/</li></li></ul><li>Peter Piper picked a peck <br />of pickled peppers.A peck of pickled peppersPeter Piper picked.If Peter Piper picked a peck <br />of pickled peppers,Where is the peck of pickled peppersPeter Piper picked?<br />
  35. 35. A pickled pepper picked a peckOf Peter Pipers.A peck of Peter PipersA pickled pepper picked.If a pickled pepper picked a peck of Peter Pipers,Where is the peck of Peter PipersA pickled pepper picked?<br />
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  38. 38.
  39. 39. SHE SELLS SEA SHELLS ON THE SEA SHORE , BUT THE SEA SHELLS THAT SHE SELLS, ON THE SEA SHORE ARE NOT THE REAL ONES<br />
  40. 40. If you understand, say "understand" . If you don't understand, say "don't understand". But if you understand and say "don't understand". How do I understand that you understand? Understand!<br />
  41. 41. I wish to wish the wish you wish to wish, but if you wish the wish the witch wishes, I won't wish the wish you wish to wish.<br />
  42. 42. A sailor went to sea to see, what he could see. And all he could see was sea, sea, sea.<br />
  43. 43. If two witches were watching two watches, which witch would watch which watch?<br />
  44. 44. I thought a thought. But the thought I thought wasn't the thought I thought I thought. If the thought I thought I thought had been the thought I thought, I wouldn't have thought so much.<br />
  45. 45. Once a fellow met a fellow In a field of beans. Said a fellow to a fellow, "If a fellow asks a fellow, Can a fellow tell a fellow What a fellow means?"<br />
  46. 46. We surely shall see the sun shine shortly. Whether the weather be fine, Or whether the weather be not, Whether the weather be cold Or whether the weather be hot, We'll weather the weather Whatever the weather, Whether we like it or not. Watch? Whether the weather is hot. Whether the weather is cold. Whether the weather is either or not. It is whether we like it or not.<br />
  47. 47. A flea and a fly in a flue Said the fly "Oh what should we do" Said the flea" Let us fly Said the fly"Let us flee" So they flew through a flaw in the flue<br />
  48. 48. If you tell Tom to tell a tongue-twister his tongue will be twisted as tongue-twister twists tongues.<br />

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