Final test


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Final test

  1. 1. UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLÓGICA DE PEREIRA LICENCIATURA EN LENGUA INGLESA PRONUNCIATION COURSE I Claudia Andrea Cárdenas JiménezStudent’s Full Name: ___________________________________________ Date: ______________1. Label the following graph with the appropriate number or letter 1. Tongue 6. Upper Lip a. Centre 7. Nasal Cavity b. Blade 8. Upper teeth c. Back 9. Alveolar ridge d. Tip 10. Hard palate e. Front 11. Pharynx 2. Soft Palate 12.Lower teeth 3. Uvula 13. Larynx 4. Lower Lip 5. Glottis2. Match the following concepts with the appropriate terms provided in the box. Velar- homonyms- phonetics- labiodental- fricative- phonemes- articulation- minimal pairs a. The different sounds within a language ___________ b. A place of articulation that occurs when the upper teeth touch the lower lip ___________ c. Words or utterances that differ by only one phoneme__________ d. A manner of articulation that occurs when two vocal organs come close enough together for the movement of air between them to be heard, e.g. /f/ and /v/ _________________ e. A place of articulation that occurs when the back of the tongue is used against the soft palate, e.g. /k/ ________________ f. Words that have the same pronunciation but different spelling and meaning _____________ g. A term that refers to the study of the speech sounds _________________
  2. 2. 3. Write the phonemic symbols for the underlined parts of the words. Vowels Consonantsseat Cake treasure schedulecall Toy yacht usuallywant High hero diphthongfood Beer machine awardstep Sure thigh answeredabout where enough Singshirt Go education Angerhit house charity coherencetook option Criticalhat music Giantrun clothes clocksfar arrives ridge4. Read the description of the sounds and choose the one that matches the description.a. Alveolar, nasal and voiced sound. The tongue blade closes against the alveolar ridge and the rims of the tongue against the side teeth. /ñ/ /ŋ/ /n/b. This is a close vowel; the back of the tongue is raised to just below the close position. Lips are rounded, but loosely so, the tongue is tense /ɔ:/ /u:/ /ʊ/c. Alveolar, voiceless and fricative sound. The tongue blade makes light contact with the alveolar ridge /s/ /ʃ/ /z/d. This is an open vowel; the front of the tongue is raised to just below the half-open position. Lips are neutrally open /ə/ /æ/ /ʌ/e. Velar, plosive and voiceless sound; closure is made by the back of the tongue against the soft palate. /ŋ/ /k/ /g/f. This is a close vowel; the part of the tongue slightly nearer the center is raised to just above the half close position. The lips are spread loosely and the tongue is more relaxed. The sides of the tongue may just touch the upper molars. /ʊ/ /i:/ /ɪ/g. Fricative, dental, voiced sound; the tongue tip makes light contact the upper and lower teeth.
  3. 3. /t/ /θ/ /ð/h. A diphthong that moves from a close spread relaxed vowel towards the schwa. /əʊ/ /ɪə/ /eə/i. A palate- alveolar, approximant and voiced sound; the tongue tip is held just behind the alveolar ridge. The soft palate is raised. /r/ /w/ /h/j. This is a long mid vowel; the center of the tongue is between the half-close and half-open position. Lips are relaxed and neutrally spread. /ə/ /ʌ/ /ɜ:/5. Say if the next statements are true (t) or false (f) a. Vowels can be produced alone and may be short or long. ( ) b. In English there are two affricates. ( ) c. /j/ and /w/ are semivowels. ( ) d. Vowels are classified into close and open vowels. ( ) e. There are three nasal alveolar consonants in English. ( ) f. Vowels are differentiated from the consonants by their position of the tongue and the lips. ( ) g. The IPA has 24 consonant sounds and 20 vowel sounds. ( ) h. Fricative sounds result from the combination of a plosive and an affricate sound. ( ) i. The IPA has eighteen diphthongs. ( )6. Write a word for each sound./i:/ /ə/ /ɑ://ŋ/ /ʒ/ /h//ɜ:/ /ʊ/ /j//dʒ/ /tʃ/ /ð//u:/ /ɔ:/ /ʌ//ʃ/ /θ/ /æ/7. Correct the following phonetic transcriptions1. charm /kɑ:rm/ 6. Boxing /ˈbɑːxɪŋ/2. Riding /ˈrɪdɪŋ/ 7. Manage /mænɪʃ/3. Mechanism /ˈmetʃənɪzəm/ 8. Edge /edtʃ/4. Church / tʃʌrtʃ / 9. Special /ˈspeʒəl/5. Machine /məˈtʃiːn/ / 10. Conclusion / kənˈkluːʃən /
  4. 4. 8. Underline the word that has a different pronunciation pattern. 1. a. Coat b. Mope c. Hop d. Stole 2. a. Cleared b. heard c. beard d. feared 3. a. Loose b. Goose c. Choose d. Cook 4. a. Great b. seat c. reach d. Peach 5. a. Among b. wrong c. sung d. begun 6. a. Hope b. Note c. Done d. Tone 7. a. Confusion b. Division c. Occasion e. Admission 8. a. first b. bird c. girl d. dear 9. a. Thousand b. think c. bother d. both 10. a. chaos b. charity c. mechanic d. character9. Put these words into the columns below. Answered- Walked- Planned- Wasted- Laughed- Mended- Watched- Showed- Tried- Washed- Believed- Started- Carried- Invited- Called- Stopped- Decided- Ordered /t/ / ɪd/ /d/10. Rewrite the next paragraph into English alphabet. Phonetic Alphabet English Alphabet| ðə ˈhjuːmən ˈbɑːdi ɪz ˈmeɪd ˈəp əv ə ˈhed | ˈnek| ˈtɔːrˌsoʊ | ˈtuː ˈɑːrmz ənd ˈtuː ˈleɡz | ði ˈævərɪdʒˈhaɪt əv ən əˈdəlt ˈhjuːmən ɪz əˈbaʊt ˈfaɪv tə ˈsɪksˈfiːt ˈtɔːl | ðə ˈhjuːmən ˈbɑːdi ɪz ˈmeɪd tə ˈstændɪˈrekt | ˈwɑːk ɑːn ˈtuː ˈfiːt | ˈjuːs ði ˈɑːrmz tə ˈkæriənd ˈlɪft | ənd həz əˈpəʊzəbl ˈθəmz ˈeɪbl təˈɡræsp | /ɡʊd lʌk/