Consonant sounds


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Consonant sounds

  1. 1. Description of Places of Articulation
  2. 2. Why is important to know howsounds are articulated?Understanding the process and anatomy of speech can assist teachers in teaching ELL learners.
  3. 3. Sounds can be voiced or voiceless.Voiced sounds require vibration of the muscles in the larynx that form the vocal bands.The space between these bands is called the “glottis.”
  4. 4. Speech results from a complex interaction between several systems in the body.The brain, the sense of hearing, the lungs, larynx, vocal tract, and tongue all work together to produce the sounds of the English language.
  5. 5. plosive affricate fricative nasal lateral approximant bilabial Labio-dental dental alveolarPalato-alveolar palatal velar glottal
  6. 6. Bilabial sounds: p-bAlveolar sounds: t-dVelar sounds: k-g
  7. 7. Palato- alveolar sounds: tʃ- dʒLabio dental: f-vDental sounds: θ- ð
  8. 8. Bilabial sound: mAlveolar sound: nVelar sound: ŋ
  9. 9. Lateral sound: lPost-alveolar sound: rPalatal semi-vowel: jA labio-velar semi-vowel: w
  10. 10. Bilabial Labiodent Dental Alveolar Palato- Palatal Velar Glottal al alveolarPlosiveAffricateFricativeNasalLateralApproximant
  11. 11. 1. Approximant and palato- alveolar sound, the tongue is held behind the alveolar ridge (not touching). Voiced2. A palatal approximant sound. The tongue is in the position of a close front vowel (similar to /I/). The soft palate is raised and the sound glides quickly to the following vowel /ə/. Voiced3. A lateral sound, a partial closure is made by the blade of the tongue against the alveolar ridge. Air is able to flow around the sides of the tongue. Voiced
  12. 12. 4. A plosive bilabial sound, total closure is made using both lips. The soft palate is raised and is unvoiced.5. Plosive velar sound, closure is made by the back of the tongue against the soft palate, it’s unvoiced.6. Affricate palato alveolar sound. The tongue tip, blade and rims close against the alveolar ridge and side teeth. The front of the tongue is raised and when the air is released there is audible friction, it’s voiced7. Fricative glottal sound. Air passes from the lungs through the open glottis, causing audible friction, unvoiced
  13. 13. The English ConsonantsSound Word Sound Word Sound Word p pet b bet m met t ten d den n no k cat g get ŋ sing f for v very l late s sorry z zoo r roll θ thigh ð that j yes ʃ shoe ʒ rouge w wit ʧ chirp ʤ judge h he
  14. 14. CONSONANTS Voiceless Voicedpen, copy, happen back , baby, jobtea, tight, button day, ladder, addkey, clock, school get, giggle, ghostthing, author, path this, other, smoothfat, coffee, rough, photo view, heavy, move soon, cease, sister zero, music, buzz ship, sure, national pleasure, vision church, match, nature judge, age, soldier
  15. 15. CONSONANTSNasals Lateral more, hammer, sum light, valley, feel nice, know, funny, sun Approximants ring, anger, thanks, sung right, wrong, sorryGlottal hot, whole, ahead wet, one, when, queen yet, use, beauty, few
  16. 16. Beginning Middle Endpkzʒ Xʃdʒjθðtʃ
  17. 17. /rɪvɪ__ən/ /‘__ɔ:rtʃnətli / ̩/__ɪpɑ:rtʃər/ /læ__gwɪdʒ//edʒə‘__eɪʃən / /əˈblaɪ__d//nɑ:lɪ__ / /ædvərtaɪ__ɪŋ //ˈ___ʌndərstrʌk/ /læ__tər //kʌl__ər/ /kləʊ__z//ˈ__rekfəst/  /kənklu:__ən//ækwəzɪ__ən / /grænˌfɑ:__ər //‘__ɑ:klət / /__ɪsfɔ:rtʃən //eɪn__ənt/ /kæ__uəl/
  18. 18. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. A peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked. If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers,Where is the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked?
  19. 19. A pickled pepper picked a peck Of Peter Pipers. A peck of Peter Pipers A pickled pepper picked.If a pickled pepper picked a peck of Peter Pipers, Where is the peck of Peter Pipers A pickled pepper picked?
  21. 21. If you understand, say "understand" . If you dont understand, say "dont understand". But if you understand and say "dont understand". How do I understand that you understand? Understand!
  22. 22. I wish to wish the wish youwish to wish, but if you wishthe wish the witch wishes, Iwont wish the wish you wishto wish.
  23. 23. A sailor went to sea to see, what he could see. And all he could see was sea, sea, sea.
  24. 24. If two witches werewatching two watches, whichwitch would watch whichwatch?
  25. 25. I thought a thought. But the thought I thought wasnt the thought I thought I thought. If the thought I thought I thought had been the thought I thought, I wouldnt have thought so much.
  26. 26. Once a fellow met a fellowIn a field of beans. Said afellow to a fellow, "If a fellowasks a fellow, Can a fellowtell a fellow What a fellowmeans?"
  27. 27. We surely shall see the sun shine shortly. Whether the weather be fine, Or whether the weather be not, Whether the weather be cold Or whether the weather be hot, Well weather the weather Whatever the weather, Whether we like it or not. Watch? Whether the weather is hot. Whether the weather is cold. Whether the weather is either or not. It is whether we like it or not.
  28. 28. A flea and a fly in a flue Said the fly "Oh what should we do" Said the flea" Let us fly Said the fly"Let us flee" So they flew through a flaw in the flue
  29. 29. If you tell Tom to tell atongue-twister his tonguewill be twisted as tongue-twister twists tongues.