Pres 09 joan hinojo cicontol sa jhb 7 nov 12

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Driving EV Policy & Charging Infrastructure 6 & 7 November 2012 South Africa

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Pres 09 joan hinojo cicontol sa jhb 7 nov 12

  1. 1. Joan Hinojo
  2. 2. INDEX• Electric Vehicle Market• Electric Vehicle Charge• Business Models• Cost for bay Retrofit• Conclusions
  3. 3. THE COMPANY• FOUNDED IN 1973 • FOUNDED IN 1997• 890 STAFF / 50% EXPORT • 55 STAFF / 60% EXPORT• PRESENCE IN + OF 100 COUNT. • PRESENCE EN 45 COUNTRIES.• FACTORIES: 5 SPAIN / 3 WORLD • FACTORY IN BARCELONA, SPAIN• ACTIV.: MGR. ELEC. ENER. EFF. • ACTIV: MGR. MOBILI. / SEGURITY.• SECTOR: INDUSTR. / POWER UT. • SECTOR: PARKING / SEGURITY
  4. 4. Factories and Certificates Barcelona I Barcelona II Madrid ArgentinaCheck Republic India Barcelona III Barcelona IV ISO 9000, 14000, OhSAS and QC80.000 (Rohs)
  5. 5. GREEN PARKING I-PARK LPR-PARK Car Plate POWER-PARK Guidance recognition CO & KW Managemet LED-PARKLED LigthingECAR-PARKEV Charging SCADA-PARK CirPark Software System
  6. 6. EV CHARGE SOLUTIONS
  7. 7. SOME REFERENCESAIRPORTS SHOPING MALLS BUILDINGSPhiladelphia, USA Pavilion, Durban, SA Marina Bay, Spore Toulouse, F Ikea, Milano, I S. Pau Hospital, Bcn, E WORKING NOW Edhimburg, UK Koru Park, Turkey KLCC Petronas twin towers, KL Barcelona, E Jockey Plaza, Peru AUDI Neckarsulm, D
  8. 8. SOME REFERENCES UKFINLAND NORWAY RUSSIA
  9. 9. SOME REFERENCES150,000 Park Spaces control 5,000 EV Charge points
  10. 10. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS Data sources ……. • Bloomberg New Finance • Pike research • Garthner • Frost & Sullivan • IEA (Intl Energy Agency) • Nissan • Renault • Mitsubishi • Chademo
  11. 11. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS YEAR 2011 ……. WORLD CAR POPULATION: 900 MIO WORLD CAR MANUFACTURE: 60 MIO WORLD EV MANUFACTURE: 41,000
  12. 12. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS YEAR 2011 …….WORLD CAR POPULATION: 900 MIOWORLD CAR MANUFACTURE: 60 MIOWORLD EV MANUFACTURE: 41,000 YEAR 2011 SALES …… - NISSAN LEAF: 27,000 66% - CHEVROLET VOLT: 8,000 20% - MITSUBISHI IMIEV: 5,000 12% - OTHER: 1,000 2% WORLD EV TOTAL: 41,000 100%
  13. 13. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS 2011 EV SALES = 41,000 12,000 18,000 5,000 3,000 REST 3,000
  14. 14. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS YEAR 2011 …….WORLD CAR POPULATION: 900 MIOWORLD CAR MANUFACTURE: 60 MIOWORLD EV MANUFACTURE: 41,000 YEAR 2011 SALES …… NISSAN LEAF: 27,000 66% CHEVROLET VOLT: 8,000 20% MITSUBISHI IMIEV: 5,000 12% OTHER: 1,000 2% WORLD EV TOTAL: 41,000 100% YEAR 2011 SALES ……. - UNITED STATES: 18,000 44% - EUROPE: 5,000 12% - JAPAN: 12,000 29% - OTHER: 3,000 15% WORLD EV TOTAL: 41,000 100%
  15. 15. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS 2016 EV SALES PREDICTIONS ≈ 500,000 Y2011 = 12,000 Y2012 = 20,000 Y2016 = 50,000 Y2011 = 5,000 Y2012 = 18,000 Y2011 = 18,000 Y2016 = 80,000 Y2012 = 60,000 Y2016 = 250,000 Y2011 = 3,000 Y2012 = 20,000 REST Y2011 = 3,000 Y2016 = 100,000 Y2012 = 7,000 Y2016 = 20,000
  16. 16. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS EV CHARGING STATIONS Y2011 = 150,000 / Y2016 = 2,500,000 Y2011: 35,000 Y2016: 350,000 Y 2011: 72,000 Y2011: 20,000 Y2016: 1,000,000 Y2016: 500,000 Y2011: 15,000 Y2016: 500,000 REST Y2011: 8,000 Y2016: 150,000
  17. 17. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS Europe EV market Finland Norway UK Estonia Ireland Russia PolandHollandBelgium GermanyPortugal Spain Italy France
  18. 18. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS UKElectric Vehicles 3215 electric cars 72 electric buses & coaches 3721 light goods (electric) 1394 electric motorcycles Plugged in Places Total installed to date = 989 Target total = 3975 Deadline = March 2014
  19. 19. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONSEV CHARGING STATIONS MARKET GROWTHINCOME (€) 2nd Growth 1rst Growth Introduction Development 2020 2015 Sales Profits 2013 2007 2009 2011 2025 2015 2017 2019 2021 2023 2027 2029 TIME (Y)
  20. 20. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS EV CHARGING STATIONS MARKET GROWTH THESE PREDICTIONS ARE CORRECT? NOBODY KNOWS THEN IS THIS THE RESULT OF IMAGINATION? ABSOLUTELY NO These calculations are based on different market indicators, goals and triggers
  21. 21. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS Why now is YES?
  22. 22. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS TECHNOLOGY Batteries ~2020 New battery technologies
  23. 23. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS TECHNOLOGY Cars (EV or PHEV models) 1890s-1996 1997-2009 2010-2012 2013-2015Availablemodels ~4 ~8 ~16 > 100
  24. 24. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS THEN ARE THE PREVISIONS OF GROWTH TRUE? ABSOLUTELY YES IF YES, WHERE ARE THESE OPPORTUNITIES? THE RIGHT QUESTION IS NOT WHERE, IS WHEN AND THE ANSWER IS NOW, DURING INTRODUCTION FASE
  25. 25. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS BUT EV’S ARE FOR EVERYONE? Average range of actual EV’s 80Miles 90% Daily trips less than 80Miles 90% Pure EV’s not for everyone but have big market PHEV + EV’s -> Covers Full market 80
  26. 26. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS BUT EV’S ARE FOR EVERYONE? 2015 will start gradual decrease on sales of gasoline and diesel vehicles sales- Big growth expected in Plugin Hybrids, full electric and later Hydrogen- Most Hydrogen ones will be also plugin- All this models will completely substitute and improve actual oil cars
  27. 27. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS BUT EV’S ARE FOR EVERYONE? ABSOLUTELY YES, ARE FOR EVERYONE - EV’s or PHEV’s will substitute in a medium term near 100% all sales of cars (Also trucks and buses) - EV’s advantages: - Price of electricity - Easy to charge everywhere (Home, work,…) - Low emissions - Low noise - Low maintenance - Acceleration - Fun - Comfort - Driving experience
  28. 28. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS EV RECHARGING CASES
  29. 29. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS EV Recharging casesApplication Rated Voltage Charging time CommentsResidential 1p 230V 50Hz 6 to 8 hours Night ChargePrivate & Public 1p 230V 50Hz 6 to 8 hours Installed PowerParking Supply is an issueShopping Centres 1p 230V 50Hz 2 hours Any timeParking (recommended)Car Fleet & 1p 230V 50Hz & 6 to 8 hours Night ChargeGoods Vehicles 3p 400V 50HzCharging stations 1p 230V 50Hz 2 hours Any timealong streets (recommended)Fast charging 3p 400V 50Hz AC 10 to 30 minutes Any timestations on roads 500 or 600V DCBuses and 3p 400V 50Hz 5 to 6 hours ContinuousCoaches depots ChargeMotocycles 1p 230V 50Hz 2 hours Any timecharging stations (recommended)
  30. 30. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS SOMETHING ABOUT CHARGING STATIONS Charging modes IEC 61851 Electric vehicle conductive charging system MODE 1 (AC Charging) - Standard home socket - Slow charging (2,7kW max.) MODE 2 (AC Charging) - Standard home socket - Needs special adapter from the car - Slow charging (2,3kW max.) MODE 3 (AC Charging) - Special connectors - Slow & semi-fast charging (III 43kW max.) MODE 4 (DC Charging) - Special connectors - Quick Charging (50kW max., future up to 100kW)
  31. 31. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS SOMETHING ABOUT CHARGING STATIONS Charging connectors IEC 62196-2 Industrial Plugs and Socket-Outlets for EVs TYPE 1 (AC Charging) TYPE 2 (AC TYPE 3 (AC 7,2kW max. Charging) Charging) 43kW max. 21kW max. CHAdeMO (DC COMBO (AC&DC Charging) Charging) 50kW max. 100kW max.
  32. 32. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS SOMETHING ABOUT CHARGING STATIONS TESTS & HOMOLOGATIONS
  33. 33. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONSAND WHAT NEXT IN CHARGIN TECHNOLOGIES? Combo connector for Fast Charging- Supports AC & DC- Communications through PLC- Up to 100kW- Other small technical differenceswith CHAdeMO (More strict)- Conducted by European car manufacturers
  34. 34. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS Street Charging Stations RFID Cards payment (prepaid) for Cars and Motorcycles are demanded due to the low amount of the electricity charge RS485, Ethernet, GSM and GPRS Communication systems can be built-in Energy Management to keep track of the network is required (PSS software)
  35. 35. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS Street Charging for two wheel vehicles
  36. 36. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS Domestic • Plug & Play …. Slow Charge
  37. 37. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS Private Parking (multiuser)Access Control or Pre-paid RFID The Parking Owner bills according tocards supplied by the Parking the electricity consumption. RechargeOwner Equipment with built-in Ethernet communications.
  38. 38. CIRCONTROL EV MARKET EV CHARGE EV QUICK CHARGE CONCLUSIONS Shopping Mall ParkingWithout Communication With Communication The Parking service can be added to the electricity consumption by the Parking Owner Some loyalty programmes can be implemented, like The Parking Owner can bill remotely. not charging a certain The System allows the Demand management amount based on total of and control of disturbances in the network purchase (harmonics)
  39. 39. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS Car Fleet ParkingMultipoint Management System is important, since several cars canbe recharging at the same time. Optimum consumptionManagement, balance between phases and harmonic filtering arerequired.
  40. 40. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS Charging Stations for Buses DISTRIBUTION BOARD FLEXIBLE INCOMING CABLE TO THE VEHICLE  The Recharging Management System includes the following equipment: Protection and Measuring devices, Control PLC and Monitoring Software  The main functions performed are Bus and Coach identification, Supervision in a centralized way (protections, events,..) and correct disturbances (harmonics)
  41. 41. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS AC Mode 3 Semifast Charge • Power from 3,6 kW/16 A (1f) to 21 kW/32 A (3f).
  42. 42. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS DC Mode 4 Quick Charge COMBO• Quick Charge “CHAdeMO”, 400Vac input / 500Vdc-125A-50 kW output.• Quick Charge “Combo” , 400Vac input / up to 90 KW output.• Charge time15 to 30 minutes.
  43. 43. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS SCADA software Energy management software-Smart Grid• SCADA Software: •Real time monitoring •Power consumption •Charging time •Stations status •Customize management screen •Grid management
  44. 44. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONSSCADA softwareEnergy management software-Smart Grid
  45. 45. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS CHADEMO vs COMBO = DC Quick charge Mode 3: 63 A ac pushing hard
  46. 46. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS
  47. 47. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS BUSINESS MODELS FOR EV MARKET Infrastructure EV Market Success EV’s Business models
  48. 48. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS Today’s Grid Before One-way limited communication  Few sensors and analog control One-way power flow  Little to no consumer choice No electric vehicles  Reactive maintenance Centralized generation  Limited usage transparency
  49. 49. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS Tomorrow’s Grid Bi-directional communication  Pervasive monitoring and digital control and metering  Self-monitoring & high visibility Bi-directional power flow  Many consumer choices Millions of electric vehicles  Condition-based maintenance Applications  Proliferation of numerous applications After Power Information
  50. 50. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS MARKET SEGMENTATION Where is the Cheese today? Sales distribution 2011-2012 On Street Poles Parkings Fast Charging Fleets Others These historical data in # are not representative for the future
  51. 51. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS End user segmentation today 1 3 Civil Service Public Centres Residential Shopping Single-FamilyOn Street Hotels Centres House Services Thematic Train Neighbours Fleet Centres Stations Co-ownership Car Parks Car Park Airports Chains 2 Car Rental Companies Power Utilities Chains of car distribution, SAT, Car Sharing Herzt, Avis, .. Sales agents, distribution fleets, Private employee cars, …
  52. 52. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS End user segmentation tomorrow 4 2 1 Civil Service Public Centres Residential Shopping Single-FamilyOn Street Centres House Services Thematic Train Neighbours Fleet Centres Stations Co-ownership Car Parks Car Park Airports Chains 3 Car Rental Companies Power Utilities Chains of car distribution, SAT, Car Sharing Herzt, Avis, .. Sales agents, distribution vehicles, Private employee cars, …
  53. 53. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS MARKET SEGMENTATION Segment Example How to reach On Street -Utilities Shopping malls -Civil Service Public Parking Car park Chains Hotels, Airports, Train stations -Fleet owners Residential -Car Dealers Single & Multi Dwelling Vehicle Fleets Cleaning services fleets -Installers Delivery fleets, … -Engineering Private companies Own cars & Employers use -Parking owners Special charging sites Petrol stations, … -…
  54. 54. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS The Big Question .... EV charging Business models • New business models have to be defined …. • Each country regulations will definer new business models: Examples: - One entity from government controls users and network, any company can buy charging stations join the network and resell this service at any price (France, Italy, Portugal, …) - Anyone can be a reseller of energy for EVs and define his own business model (Norway, UK, Finland, USA, …)
  55. 55. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS Example … Integrated Public Car Park Payment
  56. 56. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONS AROUND THE GLOBE … We are facing a new Energy Paradigm EV’s are one important piece of this global change that makes it happen faster BUT THERE ARE NOT GLOBAL BUSINESS MODELS YET
  57. 57. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONSCHARGE PLACE CHARGER € INSTALLATION € TOTAL € At home 600 - 800 400 - 600 1000 - 1400 Multi dwelling 600 - 1000 400 - 800 1000 -1800Public Car park 600 - 1000 300 - 1000 900 - 2000 Fleet car park 600 - 1200 400 - 1100 1000 - 2300 Shopping Mall 600 - 2500 400 - 1500 1000 - 4000 Along streets 1200 - 3500 1200 - 3500 2400 - 7000Service station 1200 - 3500 1200 -3500 2400 -7000FAST CHARGE 12k – 25k 12k – 20k 24k – 45k
  58. 58. EV MARKET EV CHARGE BUSINESS MODELS RETROFIT COST CONCLUSIONSElectric Vehicle in South Africa….. THE ELECTRIC VEHICLE IS COMING SLOWLY … AUTOMOTIVE & POWER INDUSTRIES INVOLVEDEV IMPROVES ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY, ECONOMYBATERY (DRIVE RANGE) IS THE MAIN CHALLENGEREV STORES ELECTRICITY (CAN BRING IT BACK TO GRID) EV CHARGE NO PROBLEM (SMART GRID A MUST)ELECTRIC VEHICLE IS THE FUTURE, NOW !!!
  59. 59. Next Worldwide Electric Vehicle Symposium will be 2013 in Barcelona
  60. 60. THANKS FOR YOURATENTION

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