Seven Laws of Teaching


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John Milton Gregory's Seven Laws of Teaching adaptation

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Seven Laws of Teaching

  1. 1. The Seven Laws of TeachingHow to Become a Better Teacher
  2. 2. Adapted from the original work of John Milton Gregory. All quotations are Mr. Gregory’s words. © 2011 The Classical Scholar
  3. 3. “Teaching is the communication ofexperience…painting in the mind of another the picture in one’s own mind... thus making it common to both.”
  4. 4. Know thematerial
  5. 5. • Prepare each lesson with fresh study.• Find analogies to more familiar facts and principles.• Study the lesson until it is shaped into clear speech.• Find the natural order of the lesson.• Find the relations of the lesson to your child.• Ask questions.• Summarize your thoughts or teach your spouse.
  6. 6. Gain herattention
  7. 7. • Never begin until she’s listening.• Stop when she’s losing interest.• Give her a quest before the lesson.• Don’t tell her what to think.• Vary the senses.• Relate the lesson to her needs.• Appeal to her self-interest.• Eliminate distractions.
  8. 8. Use familiarwords
  9. 9. • Start with words she understands.• Don’t talk too much.• Choose words carefully.• Ask questions.• Encourage her to talk.• Listen to her answers.
  10. 10. Start withwhat sheknows
  11. 11. • Use what she knows to explain what she doesn’t know• Use the old to teach the new• Break the lesson into steps• Use common illustrations• Lead her to find her own illustrations from her life• Use real problems
  12. 12. Let herdiscover
  13. 13. • Tell her nothing that she can learn herself• Find the relationship of the material to your child• Excite interest by hinting that something worth knowing is in the material• Write a fresh question and hide it in the book• Ask her to share her discovery with you• Do your own searching at the table with her• Don’t be impatient…give her time to explore and think
  14. 14. Have her put itin her ownwords
  15. 15. • Let her explain what she’s learned• Give comments or feedback that raise fresh questions• Don’t answer questions too quickly…teach her to ask: – Why (cause) – How (method) – Where (place) – When (time) – By whom (actors) – So what (consequences)
  16. 16. Review…Review…Review!
  17. 17. • Before you start a new lesson, briefly review the old• At the end of the lesson, have her do a quick summary• Have her teach what she learned that night at dinner• Have a meeting at the end of the week to review and ask fresh questions• Help her organize her notes at the end of a major section
  18. 18. “That which is thoroughlyand repeatedly reviewed iswoven into the very fabric of our thoughts and becomes a part of ourequipment of knowledge.”
  19. 19. Progression of Knowledge Changed conduct Immediate explanations Limited recall Faint recognitionNo knowledge
  20. 20. “The difference between a child who works for herself and the who only works when she is driven is too obvious to need explanation.
  21. 21. The one is a free agent, the other a machine.
  22. 22. The former is attracted by her work, and prompted by her interest, she works on until she meets some overwhelming difficulty or reaches the end of her task .
  23. 23. The latter moves only when she is urged. She sees what is shown her, hears what she is told, advances when her teacher leads,and stops just where and when the teacher stops.
  24. 24. The one moves by her own activities,and the other by borrowed impulse.
  25. 25. The former is a mountain stream fed by living springs,the latter a ditch filled from a pump worked by another’s hand.”
  26. 26. Adapted from the original work of John Milton Gregory. All quotations are Mr. Gregory’s words. © 2011 The Classical Scholar