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Web Terms

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Acronyms and terminology of the Web that beginning Web designers should know.

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Web Terms

  1. 1. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 WWWs! & HTTPs! & URLs! Oh, my! Bruce Clary, McPherson College, McPherson, Kansas
  2. 2. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Internet
  3. 3. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Internet • International network of computers used to share data.
  4. 4. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Internet • International network of computers used to share data. • Includes e-mail, bulletin boards, IM, newsgroups, databases, newsgroups, streaming audio and video–almost all of which is delivered, of course, through the WWW.
  5. 5. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 World Wide Web
  6. 6. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 World Wide Web • The graphical interface that uses the Internet to share information.
  7. 7. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 World Wide Web • The graphical interface that uses the Internet to share information. • The WWW cannot exist without the Internet. The Internet can and does exist without the Web.
  8. 8. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Protocols
  9. 9. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Protocols Sets of rules that allow data to be shared via the Internet
  10. 10. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 HTTP HyperText Transfer Protocol
  11. 11. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 HTTP HyperText Transfer Protocol The rules that move Web pages across the Internet and that link pages together
  12. 12. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 FTP File Transfer Protocol
  13. 13. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 FTP File Transfer Protocol The rules that move digital files across the Internet
  14. 14. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 IP Internet Protocol
  15. 15. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 IP Internet Protocol IP addresses are unique numbers that identify specific computers connected to the Internet.
  16. 16. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 DNS Domain Name System
  17. 17. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 DNS Domain Name System Connecting to computers and Web sites through the Internet would be far more laborious and error- prone if it had to be done with IP addresses—e.g., 10.0.1.197).
  18. 18. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 DNS Domain Name System Connecting to computers and Web sites through the Internet would be far more laborious and error- prone if it had to be done with IP addresses—e.g., 10.0.1.197). The DNS is what translates domain names (www.mcpherson.edu) meaningful to humans into an IP.
  19. 19. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 URL Uniform Resource Locator
  20. 20. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 URL Uniform Resource Locator • The rules that identify specific files available on the Internet
  21. 21. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 URL Uniform Resource Locator • The rules that identify specific files available on the Internet • The address beginning with the transfer protocol HTTP:// in a browser address bar
  22. 22. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 URL Uniform Resource Locator • The rules that identify specific files available on the Internet • The address beginning with the transfer protocol HTTP:// in a browser address bar • See pg. 22 in Robbins for parts of a URL address
  23. 23. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other Web acronyms
  24. 24. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other Web acronyms • DHTML: Dynamic HTML
  25. 25. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other Web acronyms • DHTML: Dynamic HTML • PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor
  26. 26. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other Web acronyms • DHTML: Dynamic HTML • PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor • MySQL: Structured Query Language The preceding “My” indicates that MySQL is Open Source and free for anyone to use
  27. 27. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other Web acronyms • DHTML: Dynamic HTML • PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor • MySQL: Structured Query Language The preceding “My” indicates that MySQL is Open Source and free for anyone to use • CMS: Content Management System
  28. 28. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other essential Web terms
  29. 29. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other essential Web terms • JavaScript: A client-side scripting language (which means end-users can turn it off, disabling any parts of your Web page dependent upon scripting
  30. 30. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other essential Web terms • JavaScript: A client-side scripting language (which means end-users can turn it off, disabling any parts of your Web page dependent upon scripting • jQuery: A JavaScript library that can be called with just a few lines of code in your XHTML pages
  31. 31. AR340 WEB-BASED DESIGN ● FALL 2010 Other essential Web terms • JavaScript: A client-side scripting language (which means end-users can turn it off, disabling any parts of your Web page dependent upon scripting • jQuery: A JavaScript library that can be called with just a few lines of code in your XHTML pages • AJAX: Asynchronous JavaScript and XML

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