Understanding the English Sentence: Lesson 1

889 views

Published on

Introduction to basic sentence patterns.

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
889
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
57
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Understanding the English Sentence: Lesson 1

  1. 1. The English Sentence Lesson 1: Understanding BruceClary,McPhersonCollege,McPherson,Kansas Thursday, August 22, 13
  2. 2. always consist of a subject and a predicate. The predicate contains the verb and says something about the subject. Taken together, the subject and predicate state a complete idea. Sentences CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Thursday, August 22, 13
  3. 3. usually take one of two forms, depending upon the verb. A subject complement renames or describes the subject. A direct object receives the action expressed by the verb. Predicates CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Thursday, August 22, 13
  4. 4. usually take one of two forms, depending upon the verb. A subject complement renames or describes the subject. A direct object receives the action expressed by the verb. Predicates CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Laurina is the editor-in-chief of The Spectator. Thursday, August 22, 13
  5. 5. usually take one of two forms, depending upon the verb. A subject complement renames or describes the subject. A direct object receives the action expressed by the verb. Predicates CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Laurina is the editor-in-chief of The Spectator. Thursday, August 22, 13
  6. 6. usually take one of two forms, depending upon the verb. A subject complement renames or describes the subject. A direct object receives the action expressed by the verb. Predicates CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Laurina is the editor-in-chief of The Spectator. Thursday, August 22, 13
  7. 7. usually take one of two forms, depending upon the verb. A subject complement renames or describes the subject. A direct object receives the action expressed by the verb. Predicates CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Laurina is the editor-in-chief of The Spectator. Thursday, August 22, 13
  8. 8. usually take one of two forms, depending upon the verb. A subject complement renames or describes the subject. A direct object receives the action expressed by the verb. Predicates CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: The editor-in-chief leads the staff meetings. Ex: Laurina is the editor-in-chief of The Spectator. Thursday, August 22, 13
  9. 9. usually take one of two forms, depending upon the verb. A subject complement renames or describes the subject. A direct object receives the action expressed by the verb. Predicates CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: The editor-in-chief leads the staff meetings. Ex: Laurina is the editor-in-chief of The Spectator. Thursday, August 22, 13
  10. 10. usually take one of two forms, depending upon the verb. A subject complement renames or describes the subject. A direct object receives the action expressed by the verb. Predicates CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: The editor-in-chief leads the staff meetings. Ex: Laurina is the editor-in-chief of The Spectator. Thursday, August 22, 13
  11. 11. usually take one of two forms, depending upon the verb. A subject complement renames or describes the subject. A direct object receives the action expressed by the verb. Predicates CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: The editor-in-chief leads the staff meetings. Ex: Laurina is the editor-in-chief of The Spectator. Thursday, August 22, 13
  12. 12. usually take one of two forms, depending upon the verb. A subject complement renames or describes the subject. A direct object receives the action expressed by the verb. Predicates CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Run! Ex: The editor-in-chief leads the staff meetings. Ex: Laurina is the editor-in-chief of The Spectator. Thursday, August 22, 13
  13. 13. usually take one of two forms, depending upon the verb. A subject complement renames or describes the subject. A direct object receives the action expressed by the verb. Predicates CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Run! Ex: The editor-in-chief leads the staff meetings. Ex: Laurina is the editor-in-chief of The Spectator. Thursday, August 22, 13
  14. 14. most English sentences assume one of three basic patterns comprised of these basic sentence parts: Thus, CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 • S-V • S-V-DO • S-V-SC Thursday, August 22, 13
  15. 15. Some sentences do express a complete idea with nothing but a subject and an action verb. Action verbs that have no direct object are intransitive verbs. S-V: Intransitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Thursday, August 22, 13
  16. 16. Some sentences do express a complete idea with nothing but a subject and an action verb. Action verbs that have no direct object are intransitive verbs. S-V: Intransitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Rivers flow. Thursday, August 22, 13
  17. 17. Some sentences do express a complete idea with nothing but a subject and an action verb. Action verbs that have no direct object are intransitive verbs. S-V: Intransitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Rivers flow. Thursday, August 22, 13
  18. 18. Some sentences do express a complete idea with nothing but a subject and an action verb. Action verbs that have no direct object are intransitive verbs. S-V: Intransitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Rivers flow. Thursday, August 22, 13
  19. 19. Some sentences do express a complete idea with nothing but a subject and an action verb. Action verbs that have no direct object are intransitive verbs. S-V: Intransitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Rivers flow. Ex: Becky teaches. Thursday, August 22, 13
  20. 20. Some sentences do express a complete idea with nothing but a subject and an action verb. Action verbs that have no direct object are intransitive verbs. S-V: Intransitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Rivers flow. Ex: Becky teaches. Thursday, August 22, 13
  21. 21. Some sentences do express a complete idea with nothing but a subject and an action verb. Action verbs that have no direct object are intransitive verbs. S-V: Intransitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Rivers flow. Ex: Becky teaches. Thursday, August 22, 13
  22. 22. Some sentences do express a complete idea with nothing but a subject and an action verb. Action verbs that have no direct object are intransitive verbs. S-V: Intransitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Rivers flow. Ex: Becky teaches. Ex: Deon smiled. Thursday, August 22, 13
  23. 23. Some sentences do express a complete idea with nothing but a subject and an action verb. Action verbs that have no direct object are intransitive verbs. S-V: Intransitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Rivers flow. Ex: Becky teaches. Ex: Deon smiled. Thursday, August 22, 13
  24. 24. Some sentences do express a complete idea with nothing but a subject and an action verb. Action verbs that have no direct object are intransitive verbs. S-V: Intransitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Rivers flow. Ex: Becky teaches. Ex: Deon smiled. Thursday, August 22, 13
  25. 25. Most sentences with action verbs have a direct object, receiver of the action expressed by the verb. Verbs that take a direct object are transitive verbs. S-V-DO: Transitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Thursday, August 22, 13
  26. 26. Most sentences with action verbs have a direct object, receiver of the action expressed by the verb. Verbs that take a direct object are transitive verbs. S-V-DO: Transitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Becky teaches communication courses. Thursday, August 22, 13
  27. 27. Most sentences with action verbs have a direct object, receiver of the action expressed by the verb. Verbs that take a direct object are transitive verbs. S-V-DO: Transitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Becky teaches communication courses. Thursday, August 22, 13
  28. 28. Most sentences with action verbs have a direct object, receiver of the action expressed by the verb. Verbs that take a direct object are transitive verbs. S-V-DO: Transitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Becky teaches communication courses. Thursday, August 22, 13
  29. 29. Most sentences with action verbs have a direct object, receiver of the action expressed by the verb. Verbs that take a direct object are transitive verbs. S-V-DO: Transitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Becky teaches communication courses. Thursday, August 22, 13
  30. 30. Most sentences with action verbs have a direct object, receiver of the action expressed by the verb. Verbs that take a direct object are transitive verbs. S-V-DO: Transitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Rissa mentors freshmen. Ex: Becky teaches communication courses. Thursday, August 22, 13
  31. 31. Most sentences with action verbs have a direct object, receiver of the action expressed by the verb. Verbs that take a direct object are transitive verbs. S-V-DO: Transitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Rissa mentors freshmen. Ex: Becky teaches communication courses. Thursday, August 22, 13
  32. 32. Most sentences with action verbs have a direct object, receiver of the action expressed by the verb. Verbs that take a direct object are transitive verbs. S-V-DO: Transitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Rissa mentors freshmen. Ex: Becky teaches communication courses. Thursday, August 22, 13
  33. 33. Most sentences with action verbs have a direct object, receiver of the action expressed by the verb. Verbs that take a direct object are transitive verbs. S-V-DO: Transitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Rissa mentors freshmen. Ex: Becky teaches communication courses. Thursday, August 22, 13
  34. 34. Most sentences with action verbs have a direct object, receiver of the action expressed by the verb. Verbs that take a direct object are transitive verbs. S-V-DO: Transitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Germany invaded Poland in 1939. Ex: Rissa mentors freshmen. Ex: Becky teaches communication courses. Thursday, August 22, 13
  35. 35. Most sentences with action verbs have a direct object, receiver of the action expressed by the verb. Verbs that take a direct object are transitive verbs. S-V-DO: Transitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Germany invaded Poland in 1939. Ex: Rissa mentors freshmen. Ex: Becky teaches communication courses. Thursday, August 22, 13
  36. 36. Most sentences with action verbs have a direct object, receiver of the action expressed by the verb. Verbs that take a direct object are transitive verbs. S-V-DO: Transitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Germany invaded Poland in 1939. Ex: Rissa mentors freshmen. Ex: Becky teaches communication courses. Thursday, August 22, 13
  37. 37. Most sentences with action verbs have a direct object, receiver of the action expressed by the verb. Verbs that take a direct object are transitive verbs. S-V-DO: Transitive Verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Germany invaded Poland in 1939. Ex: Rissa mentors freshmen. Ex: Becky teaches communication courses. Thursday, August 22, 13
  38. 38. Subject complements come in two varieties. Predicate nominatives rename the subject. Predicate adjectives describe the subject. S-V-SC: Subject complements CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Thursday, August 22, 13
  39. 39. Subject complements come in two varieties. Predicate nominatives rename the subject. Predicate adjectives describe the subject. S-V-SC: Subject complements CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Editors are leaders. Thursday, August 22, 13
  40. 40. Subject complements come in two varieties. Predicate nominatives rename the subject. Predicate adjectives describe the subject. S-V-SC: Subject complements CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Editors are leaders. Thursday, August 22, 13
  41. 41. Subject complements come in two varieties. Predicate nominatives rename the subject. Predicate adjectives describe the subject. S-V-SC: Subject complements CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Editors are leaders. Thursday, August 22, 13
  42. 42. Subject complements come in two varieties. Predicate nominatives rename the subject. Predicate adjectives describe the subject. S-V-SC: Subject complements CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Editors are leaders. Thursday, August 22, 13
  43. 43. Subject complements come in two varieties. Predicate nominatives rename the subject. Predicate adjectives describe the subject. S-V-SC: Subject complements CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Editors are leaders. Ex: A good editor is fair minded. Thursday, August 22, 13
  44. 44. Subject complements come in two varieties. Predicate nominatives rename the subject. Predicate adjectives describe the subject. S-V-SC: Subject complements CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Editors are leaders. Ex: A good editor is fair minded. Thursday, August 22, 13
  45. 45. Subject complements come in two varieties. Predicate nominatives rename the subject. Predicate adjectives describe the subject. S-V-SC: Subject complements CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Editors are leaders. Ex: A good editor is fair minded. Thursday, August 22, 13
  46. 46. Subject complements come in two varieties. Predicate nominatives rename the subject. Predicate adjectives describe the subject. S-V-SC: Subject complements CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Ex: Editors are leaders. Ex: A good editor is fair minded. Thursday, August 22, 13
  47. 47. are state-of-being verbs followed by subject complements. When followed by a subject complement, the forms of to be are linking verbs. Linking verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 • am • is • are • was • were • [will] be • [has/have] been • [is/were] being Thursday, August 22, 13
  48. 48. can look like action verbs, but the predicate that follows renames or describes the subject instead of receiving any action. Linking verbs CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 • look • feel • sound • smell • taste • appear • stay/remain • become • grow • prove Thursday, August 22, 13
  49. 49. Steps in analyzing sentences CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 Thursday, August 22, 13
  50. 50. Steps in analyzing sentences CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 1. Find the verb Thursday, August 22, 13
  51. 51. Steps in analyzing sentences CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 1. Find the verb 2. Ask “Who or what [insert verb]?” to find the subject. Thursday, August 22, 13
  52. 52. Steps in analyzing sentences CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 1. Find the verb 2. Ask “Who or what [insert verb]?” to find the subject. 3. If the verb is an action verb, Ask “[Insert subject and verb] who or what?” to find the direct object. Thursday, August 22, 13
  53. 53. Steps in analyzing sentences CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 1. Find the verb 2. Ask “Who or what [insert verb]?” to find the subject. 3. If the verb is an action verb, Ask “[Insert subject and verb] who or what?” to find the direct object. 4. If the verb is a linking verb, ask “Does the subject complement rename or describe the subject?” to determine if it is a predicate nominate or predicate adjective. Thursday, August 22, 13
  54. 54. Practice CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 This teriyaki chicken tastes salty! The flood waters rolled through Lakeside Park’s lagoon. The flood waters carried debris into the lagoon. The test proved difficult for the class. This lesson is the key to your success in this class. Thursday, August 22, 13
  55. 55. Practice CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 This teriyaki chicken tastes salty! The flood waters rolled through Lakeside Park’s lagoon. The flood waters carried debris into the lagoon. The test proved difficult for the class. This lesson is the key to your success in this class. Thursday, August 22, 13
  56. 56. Practice CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 This teriyaki chicken tastes salty! The flood waters rolled through Lakeside Park’s lagoon. The flood waters carried debris into the lagoon. The test proved difficult for the class. This lesson is the key to your success in this class. Thursday, August 22, 13
  57. 57. Practice CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 This teriyaki chicken tastes salty! The flood waters rolled through Lakeside Park’s lagoon. The flood waters carried debris into the lagoon. The test proved difficult for the class. This lesson is the key to your success in this class. Thursday, August 22, 13
  58. 58. Practice CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 This teriyaki chicken tastes salty! The flood waters rolled through Lakeside Park’s lagoon. The flood waters carried debris into the lagoon. The test proved difficult for the class. This lesson is the key to your success in this class. Thursday, August 22, 13
  59. 59. Practice CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 This teriyaki chicken tastes salty! The flood waters rolled through Lakeside Park’s lagoon. The flood waters carried debris into the lagoon. The test proved difficult for the class. This lesson is the key to your success in this class. Thursday, August 22, 13
  60. 60. Practice CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 This teriyaki chicken tastes salty! The flood waters rolled through Lakeside Park’s lagoon. The flood waters carried debris into the lagoon. The test proved difficult for the class. This lesson is the key to your success in this class. Thursday, August 22, 13
  61. 61. Practice CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 This teriyaki chicken tastes salty! The flood waters rolled through Lakeside Park’s lagoon. The flood waters carried debris into the lagoon. The test proved difficult for the class. This lesson is the key to your success in this class. Thursday, August 22, 13
  62. 62. Practice CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 This teriyaki chicken tastes salty! The flood waters rolled through Lakeside Park’s lagoon. The flood waters carried debris into the lagoon. The test proved difficult for the class. This lesson is the key to your success in this class. Thursday, August 22, 13
  63. 63. Practice CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 This teriyaki chicken tastes salty! The flood waters rolled through Lakeside Park’s lagoon. The flood waters carried debris into the lagoon. The test proved difficult for the class. This lesson is the key to your success in this class. Thursday, August 22, 13
  64. 64. Practice CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 This teriyaki chicken tastes salty! The flood waters rolled through Lakeside Park’s lagoon. The flood waters carried debris into the lagoon. The test proved difficult for the class. This lesson is the key to your success in this class. Thursday, August 22, 13
  65. 65. Practice CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 This teriyaki chicken tastes salty! The flood waters rolled through Lakeside Park’s lagoon. The flood waters carried debris into the lagoon. The test proved difficult for the class. This lesson is the key to your success in this class. Thursday, August 22, 13
  66. 66. Practice CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 This teriyaki chicken tastes salty! The flood waters rolled through Lakeside Park’s lagoon. The flood waters carried debris into the lagoon. The test proved difficult for the class. This lesson is the key to your success in this class. Thursday, August 22, 13
  67. 67. Practice CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 This teriyaki chicken tastes salty! The flood waters rolled through Lakeside Park’s lagoon. The flood waters carried debris into the lagoon. The test proved difficult for the class. This lesson is the key to your success in this class. Thursday, August 22, 13
  68. 68. Practice CM305 EDITING ● FALL 2013 This teriyaki chicken tastes salty! The flood waters rolled through Lakeside Park’s lagoon. The flood waters carried debris into the lagoon. The test proved difficult for the class. This lesson is the key to your success in this class. Thursday, August 22, 13
  69. 69. Thursday, August 22, 13

×