Journey to Gettysburg


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Journey to Gettysburg

  1. 1. The Road to Gettysburg Dr. Bruce Clary Thursday, January 20, 2013
  2. 2. 1861
  3. 3. April 12
  4. 4. April 15 Following the firing upon Fort Sumter,President Lincoln issues a call for 75,000militiamen to put down the rebellion
  5. 5. July 21 1st Battle of Bull Run (1st Manassas)• Thomas Jackson earns his nickname, “Stonewall”• 3,000 Union casualties; 2,000 Confederate casualties• After the defeat, Lincoln issues an order for another 500,000 recruits
  6. 6. 1862
  7. 7. February 6-8 The Union and Gen.Ulysses S. Grant claim their first significantvictories at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in western Tennessee
  8. 8. April 6-7 Battle of Shiloh(Southwest Tennessee) • Union surprised on Day 1 • Strenuous efforts by Grant and Sherman push Confederates back on Day 2 • 13,000 Union casualties; 10,700 Confederate casualties
  9. 9. April 24 New Orleans taken This political, commercial, and strategic prize was taken without a battle in the city, meaning its rich cultural heritage survived intact.June 25-July 1 Seven Days Battle Lee drives back a Union invasion at high cost: 16,000 Union casualties; 20,000 Confederate casualtiesAugust 29-30 2nd Battle of Bull Run Union decisively beaten when Longstreet’s Corp finally pushes through Thoroughfare Gap (held for 6 hours by the cavalry commanded by John Buford) to reinforce Stonewall Jackson. 10,000 Union casualties; 8,300 Confederate casualties.
  10. 10. September 17 Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg, Maryland) • Union repels Lee’s invasion of the North • The bloodiest single day in the war with 23,000 casualties, 12,400 Union and 10,400 ConfederateMissouri Compromise of 1820
  11. 11. September 17 Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg, Maryland) • The church in the background of this famous photograph is a Dunker Church. Members of the Church of the Brethren, with which McPherson College is affiliated, were known as Dunkers.Missouri Compromise of 1820
  12. 12. December 11-15 Battle of Fredericksburg(Fredericksburg, Virginia) • One of the war’s most one-sided battles • Under pressure from Washington, the new commander of the Army of the Potomac, Ambrose Burnside, orders senseless, repeated charges up well-defended Marye’s Heights • 12,700 Union casualties; 5,400 Confederate
  13. 13. 1863
  14. 14. Manifest Destiny January 1The final Emancipation Proclamation frees the slaves in seceded states. Theproclamation served as official acknowledgement that the war was not justabout preserving the Union; it was a war to end slavery in the U.S.
  15. 15. May 1-4 Manifest Destiny Battle of Chancellorsville(Chancellorsville, Virginia) • Outnumbered 134,000 men to 61,000, R. E. Lee had his greatest victory here • Gen. Jackson is accidentally shot by his own men. He dies of complications of his wounds on May 10. • 14,000 Federal casualties; 10,000 Confederate
  16. 16. Mexican-American War 1846-48 June 3 Lee begins marching his army northward toward Pennsylvania