brief intro of chinese learning

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brief intro of chinese learning

  1. 1. 学 中 文 <ul><li>An Introduction of Chinese Language </li></ul><ul><li>Clary Xue </li></ul><ul><li>http://claryxue.wordpress.com </li></ul><ul><li>Clary_lnx@hotmail.com </li></ul>
  2. 2. Chinese Demystified <ul><li>Chinese —“han yu” ,“zhong wen”,including mandarin, Cantonese, and other dialects </li></ul><ul><li>“ Putonghua”—standard Chinese, mandarin </li></ul><ul><li>Cantonese—a dialect spoken in Guangdong, HK, and overseas Chinese communities </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chinese Character <ul><li>One of the most enduring cultural achievements </li></ul><ul><li>Originated from pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Direct conception of the world </li></ul>
  4. 4. Evolution of Characters <ul><li>Simplified Chinese—used in mainland China, Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Chinese—used in Taiwan, HK, and some overseas communities </li></ul>
  5. 5. Survival of the language and culture <ul><li>Different dialects spoken </li></ul><ul><li>One written system </li></ul><ul><li>One written system, one measure and </li></ul><ul><li>scale system were enforced by Emperor </li></ul><ul><li>Qing, more than 2000 years ago </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sounds of Chinese Language <ul><li>Tone language </li></ul><ul><li>Vowel-dominated </li></ul><ul><li>Predominance of two syllables </li></ul>汤 tang1 –soup 糖 tang2 –candy 躺 tang3 –laying 烫 tang4 –hot 虎—老虎 lao2hu3 星—星星 xing1xing
  7. 7. Pinyin <ul><li>A system devised to transcribe Chinese sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Officially adopted in late 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>Composed of initials (consonants) , finals (vowels, vowels + nasal sound), and tones. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pinyin <ul><li>Initials </li></ul><ul><li>b p m f d t n l g k h j q x z c s zh ch sh r y w </li></ul><ul><li>Finals </li></ul><ul><li>a o e i u ü ai ei ao ou </li></ul><ul><li>ia ie ua uo üe iao iou(iu) uai uei(ui) </li></ul><ul><li>an ian uan üan en in uen(un) ün </li></ul><ul><li>ang iang uang ong eng ing ueng iong </li></ul><ul><li>er </li></ul>
  9. 9. Tones <ul><li>First tone—level </li></ul><ul><li>Second tone—rising </li></ul><ul><li>Third tone—falling and rising </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth tone—falling </li></ul>
  10. 10. Easy part of Chinese learning <ul><li>No gender </li></ul><ul><li>No plural </li></ul><ul><li>No conjugation </li></ul><ul><li>No strict structure limitation </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning centered </li></ul>
  11. 11. Difficult Part of Chinese Study <ul><li>Tones </li></ul><ul><li>Same pronunciation, different characters </li></ul><ul><li>Order of words </li></ul><ul><li>Not easy to see grammatical </li></ul><ul><li>relations upon the sentence </li></ul>
  12. 12. Comparison of Language Structure <ul><li>Western languages are ruled by law. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese language is ruled by man. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Q&A <ul><li>How many syllables in Chinese language?—about 400. </li></ul><ul><li>How many characters are enough for everyday life (intermediate-advanced)?—2500. </li></ul><ul><li>Two-syllable words gradually take place of single-syllable words </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible making-up of words </li></ul>
  14. 14. Thank you…

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