Gramatica EspañOl 3 Unidad 1

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Repaso para el examen de fin de año.

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Gramatica EspañOl 3 Unidad 1

  1. 1. Por: Rosa Gettemy Linares 4th Gramática
  2. 2. ETAPA PRELIMINAR
  3. 3. Present Tense of Regular Verbs *What you are doing now *Immediate Future Stem Changing <ul><li>Three Types: </li></ul><ul><li>e>ie </li></ul><ul><li>o>ue </li></ul><ul><li>e>i </li></ul>ALL forms of singular & in 3 rd person plural (present tense).
  4. 4. Repaso : Irregular Yo Forms * ONLY in first person singular form! Other irregular (yo) verbs: Estar >estoy Ir >voy Ser >soy Tener >tengo Venir >vengo
  5. 5. Preterite Tense of Regular Verbs * COMPLETED actions in the past, done by you or others ER & IR Verbs SAME ENDINGS in the preterite!!
  6. 6. Car/Gar/Zar Verbs Changing Verbs <ul><li>Buscar </li></ul><ul><li>Cruzar </li></ul><ul><li>Sacar </li></ul><ul><li>Llegar </li></ul><ul><li>Almorzar </li></ul><ul><li>Pagar </li></ul><ul><li>Jugar </li></ul><ul><li>Empezar </li></ul><ul><li>Tocar </li></ul>YO TU USTED NOSOTROS USTEDES Change spelling
  7. 7. Stem Changes in the Preterite SNAKE VERBS! *Only in usted and ustedes forms <ul><li>NOT all stem changes- only e I and o u! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Irregular Preterites SONG Andar- anduve , estar- estuve , poder- pude , poner- puse …. Querer- quise , saber- supe , tener- tuve , vener- vine …                                                                                                                                
  9. 9. ETAPA 1
  10. 10. Repaso : Ser vs. Estar 2 different verbs Same meaning “ to be” Ser = Permanent Estar = Temporary
  11. 11. The Imperfect Tense *Ongoing, habitual, or incomplete actions in the past *Time in the past * Descriptions in the past Out of the 3 irregular, ser is used in describing when someone was younger. Ex: “Cuando era ni ñ a…”
  12. 12. Repaso : Preterite vs. Imperfect *Both refer to the past P : COMPLETED ACTIONS / I : ONGOING/INCOMPLETE ACTIONS
  13. 13. Present & Past Perfect Tenses Present Perfect: Past Perfect: [Present tense] of “ haber ” + past participle of the verb [Imperfect] of “ haber ” + past participle of the verb
  14. 14. ETAPA 2
  15. 15. Verbs Like Gustar * Used to express your and others’ reactions Easiest if read backwards!! Example: [Me gusta el pastel.] < The cake is pleasing to me .
  16. 16. Por & Para Passing through General location Transportation An exchange How long something lasts For whom something is done Destination Idea of a deadline                                                                                                       
  17. 17. Future Tense Ir + a + infinitive OR é ás á emos án <ul><li>Generally: </li></ul><ul><li>Strong intention </li></ul><ul><li>Event will most likely happen soon </li></ul><ul><li>Less certain plans/predictions </li></ul>
  18. 18. Future Tense + Probability Still uses original future tense endings Wondering Guessing
  19. 19. Refrans Poco a poco se va lejos Cada cabesa es un mundo Aunque la moda se vista de seda, mona se queda

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