Eating Disorders

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Eating Disorders

  1. 1. EATING DISORDERS IN ADOLESCENTS
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Review the history of eating disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the main characteristics of anorexia </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the main characteristics of bulimia </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the main characteristics of Binge Eating Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>What can teachers do to assist in these situations? </li></ul>
  3. 3. HISTORY OF EATING DISORDERS <ul><li>Foot binding in China  Lotus shoes </li></ul>
  4. 4. HISTORY OF EATING DISORDERS <ul><li>Holy anorexia </li></ul>
  5. 5. DSM-IV: ANOREXIA <ul><li>Refusal to maintain body weight at normal weight for age and height </li></ul><ul><li>Intense fear of gaining weight </li></ul><ul><li>Disturbance on body evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Amenhorrea / lost sexual interest </li></ul>
  6. 6. DSM-IV: ANOREXIA <ul><li>Restrictive type </li></ul><ul><li>Binge-eating / Purging </li></ul>
  7. 7. CONTROL BODY WEIGHT BY <ul><li>Starvation </li></ul><ul><li>Purging / vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Diet pills / diuretics </li></ul>
  8. 8. CONTROL BODY WEIGHT BY <ul><li>Starvation </li></ul><ul><li>Purging / vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Diet pills / diuretics </li></ul>
  9. 9. SYMPTOMS
  10. 10. MAIN PSYCHOLOGICAL, EMOTIONAL, INTERPERSONAL, PHYSICAL AND BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS
  11. 11. PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Distorted body image </li></ul><ul><li>Poor insight </li></ul><ul><li>Self-evaluation largely, or even exclusively, in terms of their shape and weight </li></ul><ul><li>OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder) </li></ul><ul><li>belief that control over food is synonymous with being in control of one's life </li></ul>
  12. 12. EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Low self-esteem and self-efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical depression or chronically low mood </li></ul><ul><li>Intense fear about becoming overweight </li></ul><ul><li>Moodiness or 'mood swings' </li></ul>
  13. 13. INTERPERSONAL SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Withdrawal from previous friendships and other peer-relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Deterioration in relationships with the family </li></ul><ul><li>Denial of Basic needs, such as food </li></ul>
  14. 14. PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Extreme weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of lanugo hair over the body </li></ul><ul><li>Possibly with pallid complexion and sunken eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Creaking joints and bones </li></ul><ul><li>Tooth decay </li></ul>
  15. 15. YOU CAN NEVER BE…
  16. 16. PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Very dry/chapped lips due to malnutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Headaches, due to malnutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Thinning of the hair </li></ul><ul><li>Nails become more brittle </li></ul><ul><li>Constantly feeling &quot;cold&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Dry skin </li></ul>
  17. 17. BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Excessive exercise, food restriction </li></ul><ul><li>Fainting </li></ul><ul><li>Secretive about eating or exercise behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Possible self-harm, substance abuse or suicide attempts </li></ul><ul><li>Very sensitive to references about body weight </li></ul><ul><li>Become very aggressive when forced to eat &quot;forbidden&quot; foods </li></ul>
  18. 18. STUDENTS VOICES

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