Places of worship By Clarissa Liu


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Places of worship By Clarissa Liu

  1. 1. Places of Worship <ul><li>Biyun si </li></ul><ul><li>Yonghe Gong </li></ul><ul><li>Shaolin si </li></ul>By Clarissa Liu 7H1 Contents: Buddhism and the three temples that worship it.
  2. 2. Religion: Buddhism, that is worshiped by the three temples. <ul><li>Found in the Northeastern India, 2,500 years ago, and the founder of Buddhism is Siddhartha Gautama. </li></ul><ul><li>Siddhartha Gautama, lived from approximately 566 to 480B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism has become very popular in China. </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhists celebrate lots of festivals and the most important is the Buddha’s Birthday which is on the 12 th of May. </li></ul><ul><li>A festival day normally begins with a visit to the local temple, where one offers food or other items to the monks and listens to a Dharma talk. </li></ul><ul><li>Facts </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism is now found in India, Korea, Japan, China and mainly in the Southeast Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the fourth largest religion in the world and it is still growing. </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhist believe in “The Three Jewels” that represent: The Buddha, The sangha (monastic community) and The dharma (truth or teachings). </li></ul><ul><li>On a special occasion, Buddhists visit a temple three times in honor of the three Jewels. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Biyun si <ul><li>Is also called the Azure Clouds Temple. </li></ul><ul><li>This Temple has more than 600 years of history. </li></ul><ul><li>Biyun si holds about 500 bronze statues of the Buddha. </li></ul><ul><li>Each Buddha holds a different subject related to your life. </li></ul><ul><li>Not only Buddhists pray at the Biyun si, people and tourists go there to pray for their future and dreams. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Geography <ul><li>Biyun si is just outside the north gate of Xiangshan Park which is 20 kilometers from Beijing City. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The Biyun si was built in 1366, during the Yuan dynasty. </li></ul><ul><li>The temple was expanded in 1516 during the Ming Dynasty and again in 1748 in the Qing dynasty under the reign of Emperor Qianlong, who added the Hall of Arhats (that contained the 500 bronze statues of the Buddha). </li></ul><ul><li>During the Ming dynasty Yu Jing and Wei Zhongxian, had it expanded at various periods, trying to make it their burial ground, but they didn't succeed. </li></ul><ul><li>The interior buildings almost retain the style of the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644) completely. </li></ul>History
  6. 6. Yong He Gong <ul><li>The Lama Temple, also known as the Yonghe Gong Palace, Palace of Peace and Harmony. </li></ul><ul><li>The main hall in the Temple is the “Hall of Harmony and peace. </li></ul><ul><li>Inside there is three bronze statues of the Buddha that represents the three different times. </li></ul><ul><li>When Yin Zhen(the son of the Qing dynasty emperor) died, his coffin was put in “The Hall of Everlasting Protection” and a statue of a guru. </li></ul><ul><li>Sacrifices are made to respect Yin Zhen. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Geography <ul><li>The Yonghe Gong Lama Temple is located in the Dong Cheng District, off of Yonghe gong Street </li></ul>                                                                                                                                                                     
  8. 8. History <ul><li>Yonghe Gong was constructed during the Qing Dynasty in 1694, by the order Kang Xi. </li></ul><ul><li>The palace was the home of Prince Yin Zhen , who was a son of Qing Dynasty Emperor Kang Xi . </li></ul><ul><li>When Prince Yin Zhen took the throne, the palace was divided into two parts. </li></ul><ul><li>Half of the residence was converted into a Buddhist lamasery and the other half stayed as the Imperial Palace. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Shaolin si <ul><li>Also called the Shaolin Monastery or Shaulin Temple. </li></ul><ul><li>The Shaolin Monastery is famous for the art of Kung Fu. </li></ul><ul><li>Shaolin is famous for combining their religion with Kung Fu. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The Shaolin temple is located at the feet of Mt. Song Shan. </li></ul>Geography
  11. 11. History <ul><li>The Shaolin Monastery is built in , by the order of Emperor Xiao Wen. </li></ul><ul><li>The monastery has been destroyed and rebuilt many times. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1928 a bonfire destroyed almost all the buildings. </li></ul><ul><li>Fortunately the Chinese government decided to fund in the midst of the fifties the reconstruction of the temple which is nowadays back to the original shape. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The End 