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How does the acquisition of skillaffect performance?
The Learning Process           PerceivingFeedback                Deciding             Acting
The Learning Process                                    Perceiving                                Input (often called    ...
Characteristics of the          LearnerIndividual differences can affecthow quickly, or if at all, a person          learn...
Characteristics of the Learner             Hereditary   Fast twitch fibres and slow twitch fibres    -   if more fast  m...
Characteristics of the Learner             Personality   Characteristic way of behaving e.g. consistency,    reliability,...
Characteristics of the Learner          Prior Experience   Movements previously learnt that can be    transferred to lear...
Characteristics of the Learner               Ability   As an inherited, relatively enduring, stable trait of an    indivi...
Characteristics of the Learner            Confidence   Can be influenced by learning and successful    previous experienc...
Characteristics of the Learner            Confidence   Can be influenced by learning and successful    previous experienc...
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Skill acquisition - Characteristics of the Learner

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Skill acquisition - Characteristics of the Learner

  1. 1. How does the acquisition of skillaffect performance?
  2. 2. The Learning Process PerceivingFeedback Deciding Acting
  3. 3. The Learning Process Perceiving  Input (often called cues)  Learner perceives or develops and idea of what has to Feedback be done Deciding External or internal  Processing in the Coach important here brain Asked to practice further,  How do we put the ∴cycle starts again. info into a response Acting  Output  Move or movement
  4. 4. Characteristics of the LearnerIndividual differences can affecthow quickly, or if at all, a person learns a skill.
  5. 5. Characteristics of the Learner Hereditary Fast twitch fibres and slow twitch fibres - if more fast  more capable in fast, explosive events; faster reaction time. - if more slow  more capable in endurance events. Somatotype - endomorph, ectomorph, mesomorph Gender - testosterone  more strength & power - females  more flexible Height - Biomechanical advantages in some skills e.g. rowing, high jump. Conceptual ability - Visualising ability
  6. 6. Characteristics of the Learner Personality Characteristic way of behaving e.g. consistency, reliability, motivation, ability to express feelings, aggression, risk taking. Problem solving & decision-making Confidence – belief in one’s own ability, crucial to improvements in skill acquisition
  7. 7. Characteristics of the Learner Prior Experience Movements previously learnt that can be transferred to learning the new skill e.g. squash & tennis, cricket & golf.
  8. 8. Characteristics of the Learner Ability As an inherited, relatively enduring, stable trait of an individual that underlies or supports various kinds of motor and cognitive activities. May allow a person to be good at an activity despite no previous practice or experience. For example: - arm-hand steadiness - spatial orientation - reaction time - mechanical aptitude (using bats & racquets) - movement speed
  9. 9. Characteristics of the Learner Confidence Can be influenced by learning and successful previous experiences in the situation in which the learner is placed. Ensuring that the learner experiences success particularly early in the learning process is an important strategy in all teaching and coaching. This can be achieved by modifying the task and the learning environment and setting realistic goals for learners.
  10. 10. Characteristics of the Learner Confidence Can be influenced by learning and successful previous experiences in the situation in which the learner is placed. Ensuring that the learner experiences success particularly early in the learning process is an important strategy in all teaching and coaching. This can be achieved by modifying the task and the learning environment and setting realistic goals for learners.

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