What is an alternative fuel

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What is an alternative fuel

  1. 1. Claudia Pont
  2. 2. What is an alternative fuel? <ul><li>Alternative fuels , also known as non-conventional or advanced fuels , are any materials or substances that can be used as fuels , other than conventional fuels. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Biodiesel <ul><li>It is produced from a wide range of vegetable oils and animal fats. </li></ul><ul><li>Pure biodiesel blended with petroleum diesel can be used to fuel diesel vehicles. </li></ul><ul><li>It is nontoxic and biodegradable. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 2.Hydrogen <ul><li>It is the simplest and most abundant element in the universe. </li></ul><ul><li>The environmental impact and energy efficiency of hydrogen depends greatly on how it is produced. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hydrogen Transformation:
  6. 6. 3.Methanol <ul><li>Methanol is methane with one hydrogen molecule replaced by a hydroxyl radical (OH). </li></ul><ul><li>It is predominantly produced by steam reforming natural gas to create a synthesis gas, which is then fed into a reactor vessel in the presence of a catalyst. </li></ul>
  7. 8. 4.Ethanol (E85) <ul><li>It is produced by fermenting biomass. </li></ul><ul><li>It doesn’t contribute to greenhouse -gas loading of the atmosphere. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be blended with any amount of gasoline in the tank of a flex -fuel vehicle. </li></ul><ul><li>The main disadvantage of E85 is the price of the fuel, even with the available subsidies. </li></ul>
  8. 9. 5.Electricity <ul><li>Electricity is the most readily available form of energy in the UUEE. </li></ul><ul><li>Electric vehicles have the potential to be the cleanest means of transportation. </li></ul><ul><li>The biggest disadvantage of electric vehicles, at present, is their high price. </li></ul>
  9. 12. 6.Liquified Petroleum Gas <ul><li>It is partly a byproduct of petroleum refining. </li></ul><ul><li>It consists of hydrocarbons that are vapors, rather than liquids, at normal temperatures and pressures, but which turn liquid at moderate pressures. </li></ul><ul><li>It's widely available. </li></ul><ul><li>In some ways the least &quot;alternative&quot; of alternative fuels. </li></ul>
  10. 13. Liquefied Petroleum Gas generator
  11. 14. 7.Biomas <ul><li>It is biological material from living. </li></ul><ul><li>It is commonly plant matter grown to generate electricity or produce heat. </li></ul><ul><li>Using biomass as a fuel produces air pollution in the form of carbon monoxide </li></ul>
  12. 15. Biochemical conversion
  13. 16. The End

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