Confused words p pt

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Confused words p pt

  1. 1. chomp! chomp! This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, ©2013 by Robin L. Simmons. This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, ©2013 by Robin L. Simmons.
  2. 2. Confused and MisusedConfused and Misused Words and PhrasesWords and Phrases Confused and MisusedConfused and Misused Words and PhrasesWords and Phrases Dude, the right word is affect, with an a. Dude, the right word is affect, with an a. No, you’re wrong. The word should be effect, with an e. No, you’re wrong. The word should be effect, with an e.
  3. 3. This presentation advices you on words or phrases that are commonly misused or confused. This presentation advices you on words or phrases that are commonly misused or confused. Dude, that’s advises, with an s, not a c. Dude, that’s advises, with an s, not a c.
  4. 4. On an objective test,On an objective test, anan item evaluating the skillitem evaluating the skill might look like thismight look like this .... ..
  5. 5. Sample ItemSample ItemSample ItemSample Item My friends ate at Tito’s Taco Palace, so they’reMy friends ate at Tito’s Taco Palace, so they’re hoping that their lunch stays down, for their arehoping that their lunch stays down, for their are rumors that health inspectors cited the filthy kitchen.rumors that health inspectors cited the filthy kitchen. A.A.theirtheir B.B.they’rethey’re C.C.therethere D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. My friends ate at Tito’s Taco Palace, soMy friends ate at Tito’s Taco Palace, so they’rethey’re AA hoping thathoping that theirtheir lunch stays down, forlunch stays down, for theirtheir areare BB CC rumors that health inspectors cited the filthy kitchen.rumors that health inspectors cited the filthy kitchen. A.A.theirtheir B.B.they’rethey’re C.C.therethere D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. My friends ate at Tito’s Taco Palace, soMy friends ate at Tito’s Taco Palace, so they’rethey’re AA hoping thathoping that theirtheir lunch stays down, forlunch stays down, for therethere areare BB CC rumors that health inspectors cited the filthy kitchen.rumors that health inspectors cited the filthy kitchen. A.A.theirtheir B.B.they’rethey’re C.C.therethere D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. Is the word confused or misused at A, B, or C? Is the word confused or misused at A, B, or C? At C, you need there, the expletive, or placeholder, form. At C, you need there, the expletive, or placeholder, form.
  6. 6. Recognize misspelled/correctlyRecognize misspelled/correctly spelled words and phrases.spelled words and phrases. Recognize misspelled/correctlyRecognize misspelled/correctly spelled words and phrases.spelled words and phrases. AlrightAlright ●● All rightAll right AlotAlot ●● A lotA lot RiteRite ●● Right, writeRight, write Should ofShould of ●● Should haveShould have Suppose toSuppose to ●● Supposed toSupposed to XX XX XX XX XX Spelled correctly! Spelled correctly! Spelled wrong! Spelled wrong!
  7. 7. Recognize the distinctions amongRecognize the distinctions among related words.related words. Recognize the distinctions amongRecognize the distinctions among related words.related words. 3 or more;3 or more; AmongAmong mymy friendsfriends  AmongAmong ●● BetweenBetween  2 only;2 only; BetweenBetween Fred and meFred and me Noncount;Noncount; AmountAmount ofof butterbutter  AmountAmount ●● NumberNumber  Count;Count; NumberNumber ofof cookiescookies Adjective;Adjective; AA goodgood essayessay  GoodGood ●● WellWell  Adverb;Adverb; He writesHe writes wellwell.. Evident,Evident, unambiguousunambiguous  ExplicitExplicit ●● ImplicitImplicit  Implied,Implied, ambiguousambiguous Know these differences! Know these differences!
  8. 8. Know the difference that a singleKnow the difference that a single newnew letter can make.letter can make. Know the difference that a singleKnow the difference that a single newnew letter can make.letter can make. Before a wordBefore a word beginning with abeginning with a consonant [sound]consonant [sound]  AA ●● AAnn  Before a wordBefore a word beginning with abeginning with a vowel [sound]vowel [sound] BeforeBefore  AlreadyAlready ●● AlAlll readyready  CompletelyCompletely preparedprepared A thought orA thought or conceptionconception  IdeaIdea ●● IdeaIdeall  The concept ofThe concept of somethingsomething perfectperfect To suffer theTo suffer the deprivation ofdeprivation of  LoseLose ●● LoLooosese  Free fromFree from restraintrestraint Verb; past tense ofVerb; past tense of areare  WereWere ●● WWhhereere  A placeA place More to learn! More to learn!
  9. 9. Know the difference that anKnow the difference that an apostropheapostrophe can make.can make. Know the difference that anKnow the difference that an apostropheapostrophe can make.can make. PossessivePossessive pronoun;pronoun; belonging tobelonging to itit  ItsIts ●● It’sIt’s  Contraction forContraction for it isit is oror it hasit has PossessivePossessive pronoun;pronoun; belonging tobelonging to whomwhom  WhoseWhose ●● Who’sWho’s  Contraction forContraction for who iswho is oror who haswho has PossessivePossessive pronoun;pronoun; belonging tobelonging to youyou  YourYour ●● You’reYou’re  Contraction forContraction for you areyou are Possessive pronouns never contain an apostrophe. Possessive pronouns never contain an apostrophe. Contractions do contain an apostrophe. Contractions do contain an apostrophe.
  10. 10. Know the difference aKnow the difference a changechange to ato a single letter can make.single letter can make. Know the difference aKnow the difference a changechange to ato a single letter can make.single letter can make. Noun formNoun form  AdviAdviccee ●● AdviAdvissee  Verb formVerb form Usually a verbUsually a verb  AAffectffect ●● EEffectffect  Usually a nounUsually a noun City, wealth,City, wealth, importantimportant  CapitCapitaall ●● CapitCapitooll  The building forThe building for lawmakinglawmaking To quoteTo quote  CCiteite ●● SSiteite  A locationA location RoughRough  CoCoaarserse ●● CoCouurserse  Path, routePath, route PraisePraise  ComplCompliimentment ●● ComplCompleementment  Goes well withGoes well with Put in placePut in place  SSeett ●● SSiitt  Be seatedBe seated UnchangingUnchanging  StationStationaaryry ●● StationStationeeryry  PaperPaper IndicatesIndicates comparisoncomparison  ThThaann ●● ThTheenn  NextNext Why is English so complicated? Why is English so complicated?
  11. 11. Don’t let these homonyms [sound alikeDon’t let these homonyms [sound alike words] confuse you.words] confuse you. Don’t let these homonyms [sound alikeDon’t let these homonyms [sound alike words] confuse you.words] confuse you. Agree to or receiveAgree to or receive  AcceptAccept ●● ExceptExcept  Leave outLeave out Plural present of thePlural present of the verbverb bebe  AreAre ●● OurOur  Possessive pronoun;Possessive pronoun; belonging tobelonging to usus Past tense ofPast tense of passpass  PassedPassed ●● PastPast  Gone, byGone, by Go beforeGo before  PrecedePrecede ●● ProceedProceed  Carry onCarry on Chief [person], mainChief [person], main  PrincipalPrincipal ●● PrinciplePrinciple  Truth or ruleTruth or rule Correct, a just claim,Correct, a just claim, a directiona direction  RightRight ●● WriteWrite  Make letters with anMake letters with an instrumentinstrument Sight, touch, hearing,Sight, touch, hearing, smell, tastesmell, taste  SenseSense ●● SinceSince  Adverb, conjunction,Adverb, conjunction, or prepositionor preposition View, glimpseView, glimpse  SightSight ●● SiteSite  A locationA location Past tense ofPast tense of throwthrow  ThrewThrew ●● ThroughThrough  BeyondBeyond State of theState of the atmosphereatmosphere  WeatherWeather ●● WhetherWhether  Introduces anIntroduces an alternativealternative
  12. 12. My brain is getting full! My brain is getting full! Relax, dude, we’re almost there! Relax, dude, we’re almost there!
  13. 13. To, Too, TwoTo, Too, TwoTo, Too, TwoTo, Too, Two • UseUse toto as a preposition.as a preposition. Jonathan droveJonathan drove toto the seafood shop.the seafood shop. • UseUse toto to begin an infinitive.to begin an infinitive. He hopedHe hoped to buyto buy fresh squid.fresh squid. • UseUse tootoo to show degreeto show degree.. The squid wasThe squid was tootoo expensive to purchase.expensive to purchase. • UseUse tootoo as a synonym foras a synonym for alsoalso.. SoSo tootoo was the fresh octopus.was the fresh octopus. • UseUse twotwo when you mean the number.when you mean the number. Jonathan boughtJonathan bought twotwo flounder filets instead.flounder filets instead.
  14. 14. There, Their, They’reThere, Their, They’reThere, Their, They’reThere, Their, They’re • UseUse therethere as an expletive, a placeholder toas an expletive, a placeholder to delay the subject.delay the subject. ThereThere is a turtle in the road.is a turtle in the road. • UseUse therethere to indicate place.to indicate place. Across the road is a lake. The turtle hopes to getAcross the road is a lake. The turtle hopes to get therethere before a car hits him.before a car hits him. • UseUse theirtheir as a possessive pronounas a possessive pronoun.. Most drivers don’t see the turtle;Most drivers don’t see the turtle; theirtheir eyes are gluedeyes are glued toto theirtheir cell phones.cell phones. • UseUse they’rethey’re as a contraction foras a contraction for they arethey are.. They’reThey’re also distracted by other devices, like thealso distracted by other devices, like the radio and navigation system.radio and navigation system.
  15. 15. At many objective exams, youAt many objective exams, you cancannotnot use a dictionary!use a dictionary! At many objective exams, youAt many objective exams, you cancannotnot use a dictionary!use a dictionary! XX
  16. 16. When in doubt, rely onWhen in doubt, rely on “gut” feelings.“gut” feelings. When in doubt, rely onWhen in doubt, rely on “gut” feelings.“gut” feelings. Your eyes haveYour eyes have seenseen in printin print——and yourand your brain hasbrain has registeredregistered——all of the possibleall of the possible words that you will encounter for this skill. Ifwords that you will encounter for this skill. If you don’tyou don’t recognizerecognize the right answer, gothe right answer, go with the one thatwith the one that feelsfeels right.right. Hey, I’ve seen that word before! Hey, I’ve seen that word before!
  17. 17. Quick TestQuick TestQuick TestQuick Test Directions:Directions: In the items that follow, chooseIn the items that follow, choose the option that corrects an error in thethe option that corrects an error in the underlined portion(s). If no error exists, chooseunderlined portion(s). If no error exists, choose “No change is necessary.”“No change is necessary.” Your turn! Your turn! Let’s see what you can do! Let’s see what you can do!
  18. 18. Item 1Item 1Item 1Item 1 Even though we warned Jake not to eat a holeEven though we warned Jake not to eat a hole pie at one sitting, he sat at the kitchen table andpie at one sitting, he sat at the kitchen table and proceeded to consume slice after slice.proceeded to consume slice after slice. A.A.wholewhole B.B.setset C.C.precededpreceded D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. Even though we warned Jake not to eat aEven though we warned Jake not to eat a holehole AA pie at one sitting, hepie at one sitting, he satsat at the kitchen table andat the kitchen table and BB proceededproceeded to consume slice after slice.to consume slice after slice. CC A.A.wholewhole B.B.setset C.C.precededpreceded D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. Even though we warned Jake not to eat aEven though we warned Jake not to eat a wholewhole AA pie at one sitting, hepie at one sitting, he satsat at the kitchen table andat the kitchen table and BB proceededproceeded to consume slice after slice.to consume slice after slice. CC A.A.wholewhole B.B.setset C.C.precededpreceded D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary.
  19. 19. Item 2Item 2Item 2Item 2 Give Jerrod a compliment because his shoeGive Jerrod a compliment because his shoe laces complement the colors in his plaid shirt.laces complement the colors in his plaid shirt. His fashion since is gradually improving.His fashion since is gradually improving. A.A.complementcomplement B.B.complimentcompliment C.C.sensesense D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. Give Jerrod aGive Jerrod a complimentcompliment because his shoebecause his shoe AA laceslaces complementcomplement the colors in his plaid shirt.the colors in his plaid shirt. BB His fashionHis fashion sincesince is gradually improving.is gradually improving. CC A.A.complementcomplement B.B.complimentcompliment C.C.sensesense D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. Give Jerrod aGive Jerrod a complimentcompliment because his shoebecause his shoe AA laceslaces complementcomplement the colors in his plaid shirt.the colors in his plaid shirt. BB His fashionHis fashion sensesense is gradually improving.is gradually improving. CC A.A.complementcomplement B.B.complimentcompliment C.C.sensesense D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary.
  20. 20. Item 3Item 3Item 3Item 3 If you go by the supermarket, buy a package ofIf you go by the supermarket, buy a package of hotdog buns. Than we can grill the sausage forhotdog buns. Than we can grill the sausage for dinner.dinner. A.A.buybuy B.B.byby C.C.ThenThen D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. If you goIf you go byby the supermarket,the supermarket, buybuy a package ofa package of AA BB hotdog buns.hotdog buns. ThanThan we can grill the sausage forwe can grill the sausage for CC dinner.dinner. A.A.buybuy B.B.byby C.C.ThenThen D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. If you goIf you go byby the supermarket,the supermarket, buybuy a package ofa package of AA BB hotdog buns.hotdog buns. ThenThen we can grill the sausage forwe can grill the sausage for CC dinner.dinner. A.A.buybuy B.B.byby C.C.ThenThen D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary.
  21. 21. Item 4Item 4Item 4Item 4 Heed my advice, and don’t loose your receipt.Heed my advice, and don’t loose your receipt. The college bookstore will not accept any excuseThe college bookstore will not accept any excuse if you need to return those books.if you need to return those books. A.A.adviseadvise B.B.loselose C.C.exceptexcept D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. Heed myHeed my adviceadvice, and don’t, and don’t looseloose your receipt.your receipt. AA BB The college bookstore will notThe college bookstore will not acceptaccept any excuseany excuse CC if you need to return those books.if you need to return those books. A.A.adviseadvise B.B.loselose C.C.exceptexcept D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. Heed myHeed my adviceadvice, and don’t, and don’t loselose your receipt.your receipt. AA BB The college bookstore will notThe college bookstore will not acceptaccept any excuseany excuse CC if you need to return those books.if you need to return those books. A.A.adviseadvise B.B.loselose C.C.exceptexcept D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary.
  22. 22. Item 5Item 5Item 5Item 5 The heard of gazelle leaped through the air asThe heard of gazelle leaped through the air as the animals tried to elude the cheetah.the animals tried to elude the cheetah. A.A.herdherd B.B.threwthrew C.C.alludeallude D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. TheThe heardheard of gazelle leapedof gazelle leaped throughthrough the air asthe air as AA BB the animals tried tothe animals tried to eludeelude the cheetah.the cheetah. CC A.A.herdherd B.B.threwthrew C.C.alludeallude D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. TheThe herdherd of gazelle leapedof gazelle leaped throughthrough the air asthe air as AA BB the animals tried tothe animals tried to eludeelude the cheetah.the cheetah. CC A.A.herdherd B.B.threwthrew C.C.alludeallude D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary.
  23. 23. Item 6Item 6Item 6Item 6 Maybe Gerald is caught in traffic, or he maybeMaybe Gerald is caught in traffic, or he maybe flirting with the cute cafeteria cashier. Either way,flirting with the cute cafeteria cashier. Either way, don’t accept any excuse for his tardiness.don’t accept any excuse for his tardiness. A.A.May beMay be B.B.may bemay be C.C.exceptexcept D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. MaybeMaybe Gerald is caught in traffic, or heGerald is caught in traffic, or he maybemaybe AA BB flirting with the cute cafeteria cashier. Either way,flirting with the cute cafeteria cashier. Either way, don’tdon’t acceptaccept any excuse for his tardiness.any excuse for his tardiness. CC A.A.May beMay be B.B.may bemay be C.C.exceptexcept D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. MaybeMaybe Gerald is caught in traffic, or heGerald is caught in traffic, or he may bemay be AA BB flirting with the cute cafeteria cashier. Either way,flirting with the cute cafeteria cashier. Either way, don’tdon’t acceptaccept any excuse for his tardiness.any excuse for his tardiness. CC A.A.May beMay be B.B.may bemay be C.C.exceptexcept D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary.
  24. 24. Item 7Item 7Item 7Item 7 When there are fewer students in a class, theWhen there are fewer students in a class, the professor has less worries that everyone isprofessor has less worries that everyone is getting individual attention.getting individual attention. A.A.theirtheir B.B.lessless C.C.fewerfewer D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. WhenWhen therethere areare fewerfewer students in a class, thestudents in a class, the AA BB professor hasprofessor has lessless worries that everyone isworries that everyone is CC getting individual attention.getting individual attention. A.A.theirtheir B.B.lessless C.C.fewerfewer D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. WhenWhen therethere areare fewerfewer students in a class, thestudents in a class, the AA BB professor hasprofessor has fewerfewer worries that everyone isworries that everyone is CC getting individual attention.getting individual attention. A.A.theirtheir B.B.lessless C.C.fewerfewer D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary.
  25. 25. Item 8Item 8Item 8Item 8 We were successful baking 300 cupcakes forWe were successful baking 300 cupcakes for the charity event, but today we’re exhausted afterthe charity event, but today we’re exhausted after spending all night preparing the desserts.spending all night preparing the desserts. A.A.we’rewe’re B.B.werewere C.C.desertsdeserts D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. WeWe werewere successful baking 300 cupcakes forsuccessful baking 300 cupcakes for AA the charity event, but todaythe charity event, but today we’rewe’re exhausted afterexhausted after BB spending all night preparing thespending all night preparing the dessertsdesserts.. CC A.A.we’rewe’re B.B.werewere C.C.desertsdeserts D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. WeWe werewere successful baking 300 cupcakes forsuccessful baking 300 cupcakes for AA the charity event, but todaythe charity event, but today we’rewe’re exhausted afterexhausted after BB spending all night preparing thespending all night preparing the dessertsdesserts.. CC A.A.we’rewe’re B.B.werewere C.C.desertsdeserts D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary.
  26. 26. Item 9Item 9Item 9Item 9 Gregory passed his chemistry final, so now heGregory passed his chemistry final, so now he won’t loose his scholarship. As he walked pastwon’t loose his scholarship. As he walked past the diner, he rewarded himself with a milkshake.the diner, he rewarded himself with a milkshake. A.A.pastpast B.B.loselose C.C.passedpassed D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. GregoryGregory passedpassed his chemistry final, so now hehis chemistry final, so now he AA won’twon’t looseloose his scholarship. As he walkedhis scholarship. As he walked pastpast BB CC the diner, he rewarded himself with a milkshake.the diner, he rewarded himself with a milkshake. A.A.pastpast B.B.loselose C.C.passedpassed D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. GregoryGregory passedpassed his chemistry final, so now hehis chemistry final, so now he AA won’twon’t loselose his scholarship. As he walkedhis scholarship. As he walked pastpast BB CC the diner, he rewarded himself with a milkshake.the diner, he rewarded himself with a milkshake. A.A.pastpast B.B.loselose C.C.passedpassed D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary.
  27. 27. Item 10Item 10Item 10Item 10 Mr. Ramos hopes to except the bid on the house.Mr. Ramos hopes to except the bid on the house. He has agreed to all of the buyer’s conditionsHe has agreed to all of the buyer’s conditions except retiling the master bathroom since itexcept retiling the master bathroom since it would be too much work.would be too much work. A.A.acceptaccept B.B.acceptaccept C.C.sensesense D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. Mr. Ramos hopes toMr. Ramos hopes to exceptexcept the bid on the house.the bid on the house. AA He has agreed to all of the buyer’s conditionsHe has agreed to all of the buyer’s conditions exceptexcept retiling the master bathroomretiling the master bathroom sincesince itit BB CC would be too much work.would be too much work. A.A.acceptaccept B.B.acceptaccept C.C.sensesense D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary. Mr. Ramos hopes toMr. Ramos hopes to acceptaccept the bid on the house.the bid on the house. AA He has agreed to all of the buyer’s conditionsHe has agreed to all of the buyer’s conditions exceptexcept retiling the master bathroomretiling the master bathroom sincesince itit BB CC would be too much work.would be too much work. A.A.acceptaccept B.B.acceptaccept C.C.sensesense D.D.No change is necessary.No change is necessary.
  28. 28. chomp! chomp! Grammar Bytes! provides additional handouts and exercises on commonly confused words. Go to chompchomp.com! Grammar Bytes! provides additional handouts and exercises on commonly confused words. Go to chompchomp.com!
  29. 29. The End.The End. Watch where you’re going, fool! Watch where you’re going, fool!

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