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A Food Packaging Future with More Value- a presentation by Dr. Claire Sand

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Presentation by Dr. Claire Sand at the Food Packaging Summit on 10/10/18.

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A Food Packaging Future with More Value- a presentation by Dr. Claire Sand

  1. 1. Created by PTR Learn more at: www.PackagingTechnologyAndResearch.com A FOOD PACKAGING FUTURE WITH MORE VALUE September 2018 FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 1
  2. 2. Dr. Claire Sand Founder and Owner of PTR FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 2
  3. 3. Packaging Technology And Research (PTR) FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 3
  4. 4. PTR Perspective | Packaging Value Chain Approach Blend science with solutions in the value chain for sustainable competitive edge FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 4
  5. 5. PTR Perspective | Packaging Can and Should Change Lives FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 5 • Packaging can be sustainable, affordable and convenient • Packaging can enable food choices the 4 billion+ consumers at pyramid’s base • Packaging needs to leapfrog to provide product protection • Packaging should reduce food waste, be sustainable, and connect in meaningful ways to all consumers
  6. 6. FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 6
  7. 7. FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 7
  8. 8. FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 8 A Food Packaging Future with more Value Source Sustainably Enable Recycling Increase shelf life Ensure Safety and Quality Enhance brand connection Provide on demand information SUSTAINABILITY FOOD WASTE CONSUMER EXPERIENCE
  9. 9. RECYCLE-READY CHEMICALLY RECYCLABLE POLYMERS SORTATION TECHNOLOGY CONSUMER SEPARABLE - DESIGN - FEATURES REVERSIBLE ADHESIVE FOR INDUSTRIAL SEPARATION PYROLYSIS POLYMER COMPATABILIZER Enable Recycling FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 9 THIN RECYCLE COMPATABLE COATED MATERIAL ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITION (ALD) SIOX COATING PLASMA COATING UNI-LAYER MATERIAL INCORPORATION OF NANO PARTICLES SINGLE POLYMER COMPOSITE STRUCTURE WITH NANOFIBERS HPP PROCESSING OF FILM SINGLE POLYMER COMPOSITE STRUCTURE SELF REINFORCED COMPOSITES SHDPE = BI-MODAL HDPE
  10. 10. How it Works Opportunity • Consumer - intuitively - separable packaging • Redesign packaging to allow mechanical and structural support to be separated from barriers • Cost effective use of materials allows for thicker separable layers of fully recyclable polymers (PET sheet) vs. thin layers of aluminum foil that cannot be separated from base stock CONSUMER SEPARABLE - DESIGN - FEATURES FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 10 Enable Recycling • 7th generation laundry detergent • Bag and box wine • Separable tops: • TetraTop • Tetra Evero Aseptic Where Work is Happening/Partners • Ameripen • SPC • EuCertPlast • RecyClass Advocates & Guides
  11. 11. CONSUMER SEPARABLE - DESIGN - FEATURES Consumer separable packaging Use SPC guidelines in an transparent manner FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 11 Enable Recycling
  12. 12. CHEMICALLY RECYCLABLE POLYMERS • Energy intensive hydrolysis (using bases, acids and water) in which thermophilic hydrolase actively degrades polyesters containing aromatic constituents • Alcoholysis (using alcohols) • Glycolysis (using glycols) • Aminolysis (using amines) via aminolysis to poly (aryl ether sulfone- amide) results in a new value-added polymeric material FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 12 Enable Recycling Viable PET chemical recycling methods
  13. 13. CHEMICALLY RECYCLABLE POLYMERS FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 13 Enable Recycling Viable PE chemical recycling methods • Chemical recycling via cross alkane metathesis (CAM) processing converts PE and other polyolefins into liquid fuels such as diesel and waxes
  14. 14. Case study
  15. 15. How it Works Opportunity Impediments • Particle Technology Laboratory ETH Zurich • Solar cells • Embedded within film solutions to attain high barrier films • Single step synthesis • New processes allow for ~25% by volume of nanocomposites • And, allows for a platform polymer with variable permeability as a function of the nanocomposite concentration as well as the use on paper creating a rapidly separable 2- component polymer-paper high barrier structure • Recyclable single layer high barrier films • This also can be applied to improving the strength of hydrogels and thin films • Volumes to drive production • Cost vs multilayer films • Facilitate recycling of films or separation from paperboard INCORPORATION OF NANO PARTICLES Where Work is Happening/Partners FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 15 Enable Recycling
  16. 16. • Nanofiber-SPC (single polymer composites) • One structure with nanovariants with higher order to improve barrier properties and enable recycling How it Works Opportunity • Replace laminate and structures with nanofibers of same material • Adding innovation on nanoscale has much promise • Produced in the same manner as SPCs SINGLE POLYMER COMPOSITE STRUCTURE WITH NANOFIBERS FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 16 Enable Recycling
  17. 17. How it Works Opportunity Impediments • Borealis Polymers OY (BORA-C) • Nova Chemical • Nova Chemical HPs 167-AB resin coextruded with peelable HDPE Single layer high barrier film Dual-reactor process and single site catalyst 50% improved moisture barrier Improved Moisture barrier with less polymer Applications limited to extrusions SHDPE = BI- MODAL HDPE Where Work is Happening/Partners FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 17 Enable Recycling
  18. 18. Source Sustainably RECYCLABLE & BIO-MASS DERIVED BIO-PE BIOMASS-DERIVED POLYETHYLENETEREPHTHLATE (PET) POLYETHYLENE FURANOATE (PEF) POLYTRIMETHYLENE FURANDICARBOXYLATE (PTF) POLY(TRIMETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE) (PTT) POLY(TRIMETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE) (PTT) FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 18 DEGRADABLE COMPOSTABLE COMPOSTABLE& DEGRADABLE GENERAL POLYHYDROXYBUTYRATE AND POLYHYDROXYBUTYRATE- VALERATE PLA POLYLACTIC ACID BLENDS STARCH-BASED POLY-GLYCOLIC ACID BIOCOMPOSITES- WOOD BASED PCL (POLYCAPROLACTONE) CELLOPHANE AND CELLULOSE- BASED FILMS EXOPOLYSACCHARIDE (FUCOPO L) BIODEGRADABLE FILMS PBS PBAT PPC PPC PVOH POLYSACCHARIDE NANOCRYST ALS (PN)
  19. 19. FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 19
  20. 20. FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 20
  21. 21. Some bioderived polymers generate more GHG than oil derived polymers FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 21 Source Sustainably
  22. 22. Environmental • LCA considerations- primary energy • Greenhouse gas emissions • Eutrophication • Stratospheric ozone depletion • Loss of biodiversity • Soil carbon depletion, • Soil erosion • Deforestation • as well as greenhouse gas emissions from land use Social • Food Security • Land Use Change Impacts • Local and/or Indigenous Communities • Occupational Health & Safety • Water Management • Chemical Use: Nutrients and Pest Management • Co-Product and Waste Management • Labor Rights FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 22 Source Sustainably Bio-mass derived Environmental Concerns
  23. 23. Non-oil derived polymers can result in ocean plastic as well as oil-derived polymers FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 23
  24. 24. FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 24 Feedstock Source Dictates Sustainability
  25. 25. FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 25 Source Sustainably The potential to replace oil-derived polymers with biomass derived polymers in terms of land use is low
  26. 26. 1. Commitment of value chain partners to sustainable sourcing 2. Leadership and alliances with early technology movers 3. Strong branding to consumers on sustainable sourcing of packaging Overview How it Works • Bioderived and recyclable polymers, when polymerized from sustainable feedstocks, are highly sustainable • Major initiatives lead by CPGs have committed to developing bioderived polymers • Bio-PE and Bio-PET have the most promise as drop-in solutions • The focus has now shifted to sustainable sourcing of the feedstocks based on LCAs pinpointing the similarity between environmental issues associated with bioderived and oil-derived polymers • Polymers are bio-mass derived (grass, trees, agricultural waste) as well as recyclable in current recycling streams Value Chain for Success FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 26 Source Sustainably Bioderived & Recyclable
  27. 27. How it Works Opportunity • Biopolyethylene (bioPE) is produced by the catalytic dehydration of bioethanol to yield bioethylene • Most common source is sugar cane • CO2eq saving per kg of bioPE (as compared to fossil based PE): 4kg • Drop-in polymer to replace existing PE within existing packaging • No changes in BioPE processing condition in comparison to virgin PE BIO-PE FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 27 • Braskem is a major producer of bioPE with the trade name I'm greenTM PE • FkuR (HDPE, LDPE,LLDPE) under brand name Terralene Selected Commercial packages with bioPE Partners Source Sustainably Bioderived & Recyclable
  28. 28. How it Works Opportunity • Biobased PET is produced from biobased ethylene glycol (EG) and biobased terephthalic acid (PTA) • Bio-EG is produced from molasses then bio- ethanol that is derived from the fermentation of glucose/sorbitol or from cellulose using a carbon-supported tungsten carbide catalyst • Bio-PTA is derived from paraxylene • CO2eq saving per kg of Bio-PET 30 (as compared to fossil-based PET) is 2 2 kg • Control of common sustainable source sugarcane, corn, and woody biomass • Drop-in replacement for PET • No changes in Bio-PET 30 processing condition in comparison to virgin PET BIOMASS-DERIVED POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE (PET) FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 28 • Valmet and Biochemtex have an alliance for producing bio-PTA bioPX • Valmet’s has lignin extraction expertise • Biochemtex's Moghi proprietary technology, Proesa, converts of lignin for use in bioPET • Demonstration plant in Crescentino • Origin Materials and Pepsi claim unconfirmed sources as wood, orange peels, oat hulls, potato scraps • Scaled-up bio-PTA production has not been demonstrated • Commercial production of 100% bio-PET resin is dependent on bio-PTA scale- up Partners Source Sustainably Bioderived & Recyclable
  29. 29. BIOMASS-DERIVED POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE (PET) FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 29 Selected Commercial packages with Bio-PET 30 Source Sustainably Bioderived & Recyclable
  30. 30. Case study FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 30 Value Chain Implementation Case Study
  31. 31. 1. Commitment of value chain partners to sustainable sourcing 2. Build of infrastructure for handling post-consumer packaging Overview How it Works • Bioderived and compostable/degradable polymers, when polymerized from sustainable feedstocks, are sustainable • Lack of commercial facilities for composting/degradable hamper efforts • The revised focus to sustainable sourcing of the feedstocks conflicts consumer concepts that these polymers are more sustainable that oil- derived polymers • A strategy involving compostable polymer must extend into sustainable sourcing • Polymers are bio-mass derived (grass, trees, agricultural waste) and compostable/degradable in ill defined infrastructure Value Chain for Success FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 31 Source Sustainably Bioderived & Compostable
  32. 32. • Compostable plastics are well received by consumers • However: • Infrastructure does not exist in abundance • Certification is not harmonized • Compostable plastics as defined by ASTM 6868 are compostable in industrial composting facilities • The requirements in order for materials to be compostable are: (i) disintegration without remaining residuals in the final compost (ii) tested level of biodegradation (iii) no adverse impacts on ability of compost to support plant growth (iv) final compost after a decomposition must not include toxic substances such as heavy metals at unacceptable levels • ISO, DIN CERTCO (Germany), JIS (Japan), AIB Vincotte (Belgium) FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 32 Source Sustainably Bioderived & Compostable xxxx
  33. 33. How it Works Opportunity • Wood-based biocomposites are being explored to create a haptic feel and natural look to packaging • Targets are akin to other fillers and are 30-60% wood fibers BIOCOMPOSITES -WOOD BASED • Wood composites can be combined with recyclable or compostable packaging FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 33 Source Sustainably Bioderived & Compostable
  34. 34. How it Works Opportunity • Polyhdroxy fatty acids are made by anaerobic digestion of starch • 7% OF THE GLOBAL MARKETS FOR BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS CONSISTS OF PHAS (BCC RESEARCH LLC, 2018) • Even though PHAs have stability in hot water, the degradation occurs in water, aquatic, sodium and composting conditions (aerobic and anaerobic) • Despite their fast decomposition in marine and soil condition, achievable shelf life renders it suitable for packaging applications • Calcium carbonate, talc, mica (for improvements in stiffness, strength, barrier properties with increased opacity) • Other bioplastics such as TPS can be added to control the degradation rate • Ranges of properties include from rigid to high elasticity leading to applications in fibers, coatings, films, adhesives, molded products etc ANDPOLYHYDR OXYBUTYRATE POLYHYDROXY BUTYRATE- VALERATE FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 34 Source Sustainably Bioderived & Compostable
  35. 35. How it Works Opportunity 1. Academic and industrial efforts previously focused on PLA and improving the packaging performance of PLA (copolymerization with other polymers) and blending approaches 2. From an industrial point of view melt-blending is simple, cost effective and readily available for industrial processing 3. Blending PLA with high crystalline polymer matrices are considered since physical properties can be improved by increasing crystallinity POLYLACTIC ACID BLENDS Polymers such as PLA - PHB blends are used due to their similar solubilities for melting processes and improved barrier and physical properties than PLA and PHB alone • NatureWorks is the major producer of PLA with a production of 15,000 tons per year (Blair, Nebraska) World Centric Products (Cold cup and cutlery) • Fritolay SunChips bag were manufactured by Ingeo produced by Natureworks LLC • Ecovio® F2223 aliphatic-aromatic copolyester ecoflex® F and polylactic acid (PLA) blends • Ecovio® P30 and P50; • BÉSICS Bowl and wrap, Fiber-based single or double lined with PLA • Eco-tainer bowl fiber-based double lined with PLA • OneCoffee compostable single serve PLA coffee pods (Canterbury Coffee, Canada) • Italy, United States, Taiwan, Spain, Australia, Netherlands, Commercial FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 35 Source Sustainably Bioderived & Compostable
  36. 36. FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 36 PTR Checklist Deliver Sustainability  Recycling  Add value with packaging that is recyclable ready by consumers and recyclers Employ design and material innovation  Add value with material science innovation in packaging that is recyclable ready by consumers and recyclers  Add value by increase collection, sorting, and recycling rates  Build value chain relationships with recyclers in urban packaging high-use centers  Sustainable Sourcing  Add value with recyclable and biodegradable/compostable biomass-derived polymers from sustainable feedstocks  Build value chain relationships with sustainable feedstock suppliers and industry groups  Extend value chain to increase recycling of sustainable polymers
  37. 37. FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 37 Source Sustainably Enable Recycling Increase shelf life Ensure Safety and Quality Enhance brand connection Provide on demand information SUSTAINABILITY FOOD WASTE CONSUMER EXPERIENCE A Food Packaging Future with more Value
  38. 38. OXIDATION MICROBIAL LIGHT-RESPONSIVE O2 SCAVENGING FILMS / LINERS HYDROGELS FOR ANTIOXIDANT RELEASE HYDROGELS TO ADJUST CHANGING LIGHT CONDITIONS CYCLODEXTRINWITH REVERSIBLE INTERACTION FORMING WITH POLYMERS TEMPERATURE-RESPONSIVE HYDROGELS PH-RESPONSIVE HYDROGEL AND BIOACTIVE FILMS PH AND TEMPERATURE-RESPONSIVE HYDROGELS ENZYME-BASED BIORESPONSIVE HYDROGELS PH RESPONSIVE POLYSACCHARIDES Increase Shelf Life Responsive Packaging FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 38
  39. 39. Microbial activity is sensed and then reduced Gonzalez-Solino, Di Lorenzo (2018) Rana, Kumar and Ramalingam (2015) Increase Shelf Life Responsive Packaging FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 39
  40. 40. Microbial activity is sensed and then reduced Gupta et al. 2002 Zhang et al. 2017 Increase Shelf Life Responsive Packaging FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 40
  41. 41. Oxidative activity is sensed and then reduced Cruz et al. 2012 Increase Shelf Life Responsive Packaging FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 41
  42. 42. Oxidative activity is sensed and then reduced Wang et al 2015 Increase Shelf Life Responsive Packaging FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 42
  43. 43. Oxidative activity is sensed and then reduced Thanyacharoen et al. 2017 Basuki et. al. 2016 Increase Shelf Life Responsive Packaging FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 43
  44. 44. Increase Shelf Life Edible AntimicrobialsAntimicrobial Food Safety Microbes Food Quality Microbes Categories Tested Packaging Materials Tested FDA EU FAO/WHO Manufacturers Economic Social Issues Technology Innovation Recommendation Nisin Listeria (with Lysozyme); E. coli (with EDTA); Salmonella Not assessed Meat, cheese, seafood, perishable processed food Cellulose and SPI, zein, WPI, LDPE, cellophane, paper, chitosan GRAS E234; Restrictions to cheese, eggs, puddings Approved Numerous Costs are not standard and are based on desired result; concern with resistance promotoes use of other bacteriocins in tandem Increased resistance possible; considered natural Abundance of studies due to nisin’s commercial availability Use bacteriociins synergistically; bioengineering for increased efficacy; refine coating distribution Pursue Pediocin Listeria S. aureus and B. cereus Processed meat (ham, bologna, smoked fish) WPI coated PP, Cellulose GRAS Not approved Minimal Concern with resistance promotoes use of other bacteriocins in tandem Increased resistance possible; considered natural Limited studies Use bacteriociins synergistically; bioengineering for increased efficacy; refine coating distribution Lacticin Clostridia and Listeria S. aureus, Bacillus, Lactococcus, Lactobacillus Cottage cheese, cheese, milk, orange juice, egg, water, ham, turkey breast, smoked salmon Zein, WPI, Paper board with AP; PE, Pectin/PLA composite Cellophane GRAS Not approved Approved by 50+ countries Laboratories Concern with resistance promotoes use of other bacteriocins in tandem Increased resistance possible; considered natural Limited understanding beyond use as additive Use bacteriociins synergistically; bioengineering for increased efficacy; refine coating distribution Pursue Chitosan E. coli S. Aureus, P. fragi, B. subtilis Seafood PVA, PE, carrier of other antimicrobials GRAS Not approved Multiple Innovations and use in water quality and fuel cells may lower prices or increase demand to increase prices Non-toxic, biodegradable, and biocompatible Abundance of research; variability of results due to natural origin Combining with other antimicrobials to increase spectrum; identify optimum molecular weight and polymerization Lysozyme Listeria; E.coli (with lactoferrin or EDTA) S. Aureus, P. fragi, B. subtilis, L. plastarum Tuna; sushi, raw and processed meat Cellulose, paper, zein, SPI, PVOH, surface immobilization GRAS E1105; approved for cheese and beer Numerous chemical companies Need to combine with lactorferrin or EDTA to inhibit E.coli Considered natural Abundance of research; variability of results due to natural origin To attain both Listeria and E. coli inactivity, determine optimum EDTA or lactoferrin concentration Pursue Lactoperoxidase Listeria; E. coli Yeasts, Molds Salmon and roasted turkey, milk, cheese, vegetables •WPI, alginate GRAS No approved Recommen ded when adequate cooling unavailable in dairy Numerous chemical companies Whey derivation lowers cost Advocacy by FAO has increased awareness Efficacy a function of LPS, thiocyanate, and H2O2 Activation by H2O2 Pursue Plant Extracts E. coli (Oregano); Listeria (Neem) S. aureus (Grapefruit seed, green teat) SPI, WPI, chitosan, casein GRAS Approved Approved Numerous Costly due to extraction Taste preferences inhibit use; no labeling issues Not applied beyond laboratory stages Natural/organic platform; improving efficacy Pursue as natural/organic platform Metal ions E.coli , Listeria (Titanium), Ziinc, Silver, Copper); Salmonella (Zinc and nisin) S. aureus Meat, sliced fruit, eggs, orange juice Glass, metal, polymers, chitosan, zein, cellulose Defined amounts Defined amounts Defined amounts Numerous Silver most costly Consumer familiarity; Environmental and increased resistance; Limit migration into food is paramount Nanoparticles most effectives due to shigh surface area Medical research applicable to food packaging Surface Treatments E. coli Antifungal Meat, produce Paperboard, polymers by-products would need approval by-products would need approval by- products would need approval Internal Variable resultant additives require acceptance Skill set within converters Adapt processes from medical packaging; plasma activation; GRAS by-products Pursue to expand core competency Acids, Salts, Anhydrides Listeria and E.coli (Sorbic Acid); Listeria (Lauric acid and EDTA) Yeasts, Molds Meat, produce Coatings on various substrates Most are GRAS Defined amounts allowed Defined amounts allowed Numerous Variable Consumer familiarity Processes of inactivation are well known Refined efficacy Pursue Chlorine Dioxide Listeria, Salmonella Not Evaluated Produce Known permeability to ClO2 Considered a treatment E926 under consideration Numerous Systems in place lowers cost Color issues; Connected to household disinfectant Technology well known Explore ability to recharge systemFoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 44
  45. 45. Increase Shelf Life Edible Antimicrobials Category Nisin Pediocin Lacticin Chitosan Lysozyme Lactoperoxidase Plant Extracts Metal ions Surface Treatments Acids, Salts, Anhydrides Chlorine Dioxide Listeria (with Lysozyme); E. coli (with EDTA); Salmonella Listeria Clostridia and Listeria E. coli Listeria; E.coli (with lactoferrin or EDTA) Listeria; E. coli E. coli (Oregano); Listeria (Neem) E.coli , Listeria (Titanium), Ziinc, Silver, Copper); Salmonella (Zinc and nisin) E. coli Listeria and E.coli (Sorbic Acid); Listeria (Lauric acid and EDTA) Listeria, Salmonella Deli meat Ground beef Poultry Refrigerated seafood Potatoes Mushrooms Peanuts Peanut spreads Confections w roots crops Cheese Frozen dairy Smoothies Produce: High surface area & high labor Root derived refrigerated sauces Hummus Refrigerated spreads Dried fruits Granola and granola bars Trail mix Grains Flours Minimal process unrefrigerated FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 45
  46. 46. Case study FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 46 Value Chain Implementation Case Study
  47. 47. Increase Shelf Life Edible Antimicrobials Select commercial edible antimicrobials: • Chicxide - Lactic acid/Citric acid • Poultry, Small-scale poultry, broiler carcasses • Lactic acid/citric acid mixtures used in Tyson grilled • Inovapure - Lysozyme • Tyson to eliminate antibiotics use and switch to lysozyme in broilers • Niprosin - Nisin • Cheese • Sausages • NataPro S50 - Natamycin • Meat • Dairy products FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 47
  48. 48. Increase Shelf Life Edible Antimicrobials Category Post process Microbial load typically high due to origin Cross contamination during packing Process (H20) contamination Refrigeration is only final hurdle HACCP does not reduce microbial load Deli meat Ground beef Poultry Refrigerated seafood Potatoes Mushrooms Peanuts Peanut spreads Confections w roots crops Cheese Frozen dairy Smoothies Produce: High surface area & high labor Refrigerated sauces Hummus Refrigerated spreads Dried fruits Granola and granola bars Trail mix Grains Flours Minimal process unrefrigerated Rationale varies by category FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 48
  49. 49. CWI FRESHNESS INDICATOR UV -CONSUME WITHIN (CWI) INDICATOR CO2-CONSUME WITHIN (CWI) AFTER OPENING- CONSUME WITHIN (CWI) TTI – ONVU TI – THERMOTRACE Detect Safety and Quality TEMPERATURE INDICATOR TTI – TOPCRYO TTI TIMESTRIP & TIM ESTRIP COMPLETE TTI – THINFILM™ SMART LABEL TTI –FRESHCHECK TTI – CHECKPOINT TTI –MONITOR MARK MICROBIAL INDICATOR OXIDATION INDICATOR TOXINS & VEGETATIVE CELLS SENSOR VOC & TVB-N SENSOR MICROBE SENSOR PH FLUORESCENT DYE SENSOR H2S SENSOR O2 SENSOR TTI –FRESHPOINTTI – THERMAX TTI – RF WIRELESS TTI – ULTRA CONTACT & W IRELESS TI - FREEZEWATCH TI – THERMOTRACETI – ONVU ICE TI – WARMMARK TI – TECTROL CHECK FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 49
  50. 50. Commercial Applications Smart NFC label solutions Advantage • Fuel by Bemis/Amcor alliance • Programmable upper and lower temperature limits • No reading device • Integrated Manufacturer • Thin Film Electronics ASA Detect Safety and Quality CWI and TTI FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 50
  51. 51. TTI – TIMESTRIP & TIMESTRIP COMPLETE How it Works Commercial Applications • Bell Buoy Crab Co • Ferme Marine de Mahebourg • South Bend Products • PP Raw Dog Food • Superior Foods Advantage • Customizable temperature thresholds from 3-10C • Up to 4 hours of abuse conditions • Light • Small • Lower cost • Multiple product monitoring • No reading device Manufacturer • TimeStrip & TimeStrip UK Ltd • Microporous membrane connected to a housed-blue dye changes states from solid to liquid (melting point modifications) when exposed to specified temperatures • Activation required FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 51 Detect Safety and Quality CWI and TTI
  52. 52. TTI – MONITOR MARK How it Works Indicator with information on exposure time Commercial Applications Bakery, Beverage & Bottled Water, Chemicals, Confectionary, Dairy, Eggs, Fruits & Vegetables, Grain & Oilseed Milling Sector, Meat, Nutraceuticals, Pet Food & Animal Feed, Poultry, Seafood Advantage • Easy interpretation • Visual results • Pressure sensitive label • Low cost • No reading device Manufacturer 3M FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 52 Detect Safety and Quality CWI and TTI
  53. 53. TTI – CHECKPOINT How it Works • Enzymatic • pH dependent color changes Commercial Applications • Seafood Manufacturer • Vitsab International (Sweden) FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 53 Detect Safety and Quality CWI and TTI
  54. 54. TTI – FRESHPOINT How it Works • Chemically-dissolving aluminum layer as a function of temperature, UV activated Commercial Applications • Fresh foods and beverages Advantage • Custom-solutions (e g design, size, shape, color etc ) • Not affected by UV • Digital reader or smartphoens • Shelf-life customization for various products • Do not require special storage Manufacturer • Freshpoint TTI FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 54 Detect Safety and Quality CWI and TTI
  55. 55. AFTER OPENING- CONSUME WITHIN (CWI) How it Works • Activates when package is opened • Consumer activated • Mechanism, beyond time, is undefined Opportunity Manufacturer • Ready for adoption for MAP stored deli meat, MAP and stored fresh meat • Shelf stable foods • NOVAS Freshness Indicators • Insignia Technologies FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 55 Detect Safety and Quality CWI and TTI
  56. 56. UV- CONSUME WITHIN (CWI) INDICATOR Original tag UV-activated After opening FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 56 Detect Safety and Quality CWI and TTI
  57. 57. CO2- CONSUME WITHIN (CWI) How it Works • Activates when CO2 drops below certain limit Food Fresh ™; http://vanprob com Opportunity • Cost effective; after opening Impediments • Ready for adoption for MAP stored deli meat, MAP stored fresh meat • Vanprob company, Food Fresh™ (http://vanprob com) Where Work is Happening/Partners FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 57 Detect Safety and Quality CWI and TTI
  58. 58. MICROBIAL Cellphone sensor for volatiles https://www bakeryandsnacks com/Article/2013/11/12/Netherlands-PhD-student- creates-built-in-nose-for-fish-packaging VOC & TVB-N SENSOR FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 58 Detect Safety and Quality CWI and TTI
  59. 59. TOXINS & VEGETATIVE CELLS SENSOR MICROBIAL FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 59 Detect Safety and Quality CWI and TTI
  60. 60. PTR Checklist Decrease Food Waste FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 60  Increase Shelf life Responsive Packaging Chart of path to explore responsive packaging options for short shelf life high value products Edible Antimicrobials Assess if the mode of product deterioration could be stalled by edible antimicrobials Build value chain relationships with recyclers in urban packaging high-use centers Detect Safety and Quality Focus on CWIs Adapt CWIs from existing and established TTI Balance costs in value chain Consider consumer-applied CWIs
  61. 61. FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 61 Source Sustainably Enable Recycling Increase shelf life Ensure Safety and Quality Enhance brand connection Provide on demand information SUSTAINABILITY FOOD WASTE CONSUMER EXPERIENCE A Food Packaging Future with more Value
  62. 62. CONSUMER DIRECTED Consumer Experience TRACK & TRACE AND ENHANCED BRANDING EXPAND CONSUMER USE QR CODE NFC SPEEDTAP NFC-THINAIRE SMART SOURCE NFC OPENSENSE FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 62
  63. 63. QR CODE How it Works • QR codes linked to web- based interaction and information Advantage Manufacturer • Refined printing • In-line printing FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 63 Consumer Experience Track & Trace and Branding • Low cost • Established platform • Changeable linkages for consumers based on consumer interest (ingredient sourcing, sustainability, etc • Proven with medical deliveries • One-way communication to consumer
  64. 64. NFC SPEEDTAP Commercial Applications Advantage Manufacturer • Thin Film Corp • Passive tag operation (without battery) • Mobile marketing and advertising • Product-recall management • Supply-chain tracking • Asset tagging • Tax and regulatory monitoring • Anti-counterfeiting and anti-diversion monitoring • Barbadillo • Campari on Tap, FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 64 Consumer Experience Track & Trace and Branding
  65. 65. NFC- THINAIRE SMART SOURCE Commercial Applications Advantage Manufacturer Thinaire • No required app • On-site engagement • Integrated Brand messaging and tracking • Bertolli Olive Oil recipes • Videos • Ingredients lists in the relevant aisle of the supermarket FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 65 Consumer Experience Track & Trace and Branding
  66. 66. Case study FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 66 Value Chain Implementation Case Study
  67. 67. NFC OPENSENSE How it Works • Dual ID tag with sealed/opened sensor • Targeting consumers pre- and post- sale • Product origin, reviews, promotional offers, authentication and refill protection • 13 56 MHz High Frequency (HF) operation for compatibility with fixed and mobile NFC readers, Advantage Manufacturer Thin Film (Norway) • Consumer engagement and brand protection • Supported by World Customs Organization • B2B partners available FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 67 Consumer Experience Expand Consumer Use Commercial Applications • Wine, spirits, and craft beer • Pharmaceuticals • Over-the-counter medication • Specialty foods • Health and beauty products, • Industrial and household chemicals • Medical devices
  68. 68. How it Works • NFC- LED LIGHTS WITH ALCOHOL SENSOR • Combined sensors and visual lights to enable NFC Commercial Applications Advantage Manufacturer • Alcohol sensor- Goodby Silverstein and Partners • Converter - Colorbar • Combined sensors to enable NFC • Party Safe Bags by Fritolay (2017 Superbowl Promotion) • When the user blows on the sensor after activating the LED, discount code appears for a ride- service FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 68 Consumer Experience Expand Consumer Use
  69. 69. How it Works • Portable game-console- enabled NFC Commercial Applications Advantage Manufacturer • Kellogg's in partnership with Nintendo • Targeting age-groups with specialized apps and devices • Special Edition Super Mario Cereals by Kellogg's • Tapping on the cereal box (as amiibo) to collect points via Nintendo FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 69 Consumer Experience- Expand Consumer Use
  70. 70. How it Works • NFC Sensor integrated with Artificial Intelligence face recognition app to determine mood for consumer interaction Commercial Applications Advantage Manufacturer • Miller in collaboration with CCL Kontur • NFC to enable music streaming services as well as artificial intelligence interface • Alcohol-free bottles for face recognition and mood detection to provide music stream services FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 70 Consumer Experience Expand Consumer Use
  71. 71. How it Works • Printed Circuit Board with LED Commercial Applications Disadvantage Manufacturer • Sound sensor • GITEC (Belgium) • Snap-fit technology within an injection molded sandwich structure PP • Circuit requires a battery, event- based applications • Anheuser Busch - The Budweiser Light Up Cup project • Nine LEDs in each cup were activated with sound level • Algorithms were combined in the sensor with LEDs FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 71 Consumer Experience Expand Consumer Use
  72. 72. How it Works • Micro-switch LEDs powered by paper batteries • Pressure-sensitive switches light up LEDs Commercial Applications Advantage Manufacturer • Inland Packaging • Event-based marketing • Limited edition products • Oculto Beer by Anheuser Busch • When the user holds the beer, pressure- sensitive switches light up the LEDs for the illuminated bottles FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 72 Consumer Experience Expand Consumer Use
  73. 73. PTR Checklist Build the Consumer Experience FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 73  Track and Trace and Enhanced Branding Access the benefits of QR code derived information and tracking Assess NFC for high value brands and where costs can be balanced Build Consumer Use  Consider NFC sensor for delivering enhanced branding  Integrated Tracking and branding provides the opportunity to balance value
  74. 74. FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 74 Source Sustainably Enable Recycling Increase shelf life Ensure Safety and Quality Enhance brand connection Provide on demand information SUSTAINABILITY FOOD WASTE CONSUMER EXPERIENCE A Food Packaging Future with more Value
  75. 75. FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 75 PTR Checklist Deliver Sustainability  Recycling  Add value with packaging that is recyclable ready by consumers and recyclers Employ design and material innovation  Add value with material science innovation in packaging that is recyclable ready by consumers and recyclers  Add value by increase collection, sorting, and recycling rates  Build value chain relationships with recyclers in urban packaging high-use centers  Sustainable Sourcing  Add value with recyclable and biodegradable/compostable biomass-derived polymers from sustainable feedstocks  Build value chain relationships with sustainable feedstock suppliers and industry groups  Extend value chain to increase recycling of sustainable polymers
  76. 76. PTR Checklist Decrease Food Waste FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 76  Increase Shelf life Responsive Packaging Chart of path to explore responsive packaging options for short shelf life high value products Edible Antimicrobials Assess if the mode of product deterioration could be stalled by edible antimicrobials Build value chain relationships with recyclers in urban packaging high-use centers Detect Safety and Quality Focus on CWIs Adapt CWIs from existing and established TTI Balance costs in value chain Consider consumer-applied CWIs
  77. 77. PTR Checklist Build the Consumer Experience FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 77  Track and Trace and Enhanced Branding Access the benefits of QR code derived information and tracking Assess NFC for high value brands and where costs can be balanced Build Consumer Use  Consider NFC sensor for delivering enhanced branding  Integrated Tracking and branding provides the opportunity to balance value
  78. 78. FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 78
  79. 79. FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 79
  80. 80. FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 80 Source Sustainably Enable Recycling Increase shelf life Ensure Safety and Quality Enhance brand connection Provide on demand information SUSTAINABILITY FOOD WASTE CONSUMER EXPERIENCE A Food Packaging Future with more Value
  81. 81. Gracias Dr. Claire Sand CEO, Packaging Technology & Research, LLC Adjunct Professor, Michigan State University & CalPoly Food science and packaging expertise: • Coaching • Consulting • Technology • Strategy www.PackagingTechnologyandResearch.com FoodPackSummit 2018 - Mexico Claire Sand packagingtechnologyandresearch.com 81

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