Adding ‘ing’Some simple              rules and ex                          amples
What do we do?                  Look at and read the word.Listen to the vowel sound – is it long or short? Is there a simp...
Short (simple) vowel sounds0 lap         0 lapping0 beg         0 begging0 hit         0 hitting0 nod         0 nodding0 p...
Rule0 If the vowel is a short sound with only one consonant after it, then you must double the consonant.
How many consonants after theshort (simple) vowel sound here?0 back          0 backing0 stick         0 sticking0 stand   ...
If the vowel                               is a                 short (simp                               le)             ...
Look at the next list of words          What is the same about each word?  Each word ends in the ‘magic e’.
Look…0 come      0 coming0 hope      0 hoping0 joke      0 joking0 fake      0 faking0 slide     0 sliding0 hide      0 hi...
Rule0 If it ends in ‘e’ – drop the ‘e’ when adding ‘ing’
Now you th              inkwhat the ne            xt rule  might be …  Look at this                 new list of w         ...
What is the same about each           word?0 break       0 breaking0 leap        0 leaping0 look        0 looking0 sleep  ...
What is the            rule?If there is a              complex or    before the c         long vowel                 onson...
Rules for adding ‘ing’0 Short vowel sound, with one consonant =  Double the consonant and add ‘ing’0 Short vowel sound, wi...
Sort these words into the grid               below:          name drink snow hit        fan   skip paint  drive         me...
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Rules for adding 'ing' to base words

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Rules for adding 'ing' to base words

  1. 1. Adding ‘ing’Some simple rules and ex amples
  2. 2. What do we do? Look at and read the word.Listen to the vowel sound – is it long or short? Is there a simple or complex vowel sound? See what happens to the short vowel words here…
  3. 3. Short (simple) vowel sounds0 lap 0 lapping0 beg 0 begging0 hit 0 hitting0 nod 0 nodding0 put 0 putting
  4. 4. Rule0 If the vowel is a short sound with only one consonant after it, then you must double the consonant.
  5. 5. How many consonants after theshort (simple) vowel sound here?0 back 0 backing0 stick 0 sticking0 stand 0 standing0 hunt 0 hunting0 bank 0 banking0 turn 0 turning0 jump 0 jumping0 lift 0 lifting
  6. 6. If the vowel is a short (simp le) sound, but h as more than o ne consonant a fter it then – just add ‘ing ’Can you think of any more words like these?
  7. 7. Look at the next list of words What is the same about each word? Each word ends in the ‘magic e’.
  8. 8. Look…0 come 0 coming0 hope 0 hoping0 joke 0 joking0 fake 0 faking0 slide 0 sliding0 hide 0 hiding0 take 0 taking0 tune 0 tuning
  9. 9. Rule0 If it ends in ‘e’ – drop the ‘e’ when adding ‘ing’
  10. 10. Now you th inkwhat the ne xt rule might be … Look at this new list of w ords.
  11. 11. What is the same about each word?0 break 0 breaking0 leap 0 leaping0 look 0 looking0 sleep 0 sleeping0 cheat 0 cheating0 float 0 floating0 boil 0 boiling0 sail 0 sailing
  12. 12. What is the rule?If there is a complex or before the c long vowel onsonant, ju sound st add ing.
  13. 13. Rules for adding ‘ing’0 Short vowel sound, with one consonant = Double the consonant and add ‘ing’0 Short vowel sound, with two consonants= Just add ‘ing’0 Ending in ‘e’ = Drop the ‘e’ then add ‘ing’0 Long vowel sound = Just add ‘ing’
  14. 14. Sort these words into the grid below: name drink snow hit fan skip paint drive melt wash dive swim Look for more examples in your reading booksJust add ‘ing’ Double the Drop the ‘e’ and consonant add ‘ing’

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