Basics of iPhone Development

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Learn more about how Oregon State University developed the first official iPhone app for the university.

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Basics of iPhone Development

  1. 1. DESIGN FOR THE WEB Developing an iPhone App Chris LaBelle Oregon State University Extension
  2. 2. DESIGN FOR THE WEB Project overview - Proof of concept, popular topic, good fit for the iPhone Department focus (not software) - Student workers (2) at ½ time for five months
  3. 3. DESIGN FOR THE WEB <ul><li>Lessons from ELI session on mobility (2010) </li></ul><ul><li>licensing (variable and not transparent) </li></ul><ul><li>learning curve & time sink (Objective C) </li></ul><ul><li>A handful of players (Stanford, New Mexico, Florida) </li></ul><ul><li>The question: Rogue (independent) or “by the books”? </li></ul>
  4. 4. DESIGN FOR THE WEB <ul><li>Some Barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Buy in from admin and some faculty </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of understanding of mobile trends </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Licensing </li></ul><ul><li>Coding competency </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance and sustainability plan </li></ul><ul><li>Finding the right students </li></ul><ul><li>Design challenges (480x320) </li></ul><ul><li>I have other things to do! </li></ul>
  5. 5. DESIGN FOR THE WEB First Steps (1) Licensing (10 months) - key partners (CWS, legal) – don’t go it alone - assurances via policy document(s) - single point of control - pros and cons of enterprise licensing - defining policy, appeasing legal, parallel effort - setting up personal account (iOS SDK, Xcode)
  6. 6. DESIGN FOR THE WEB First Steps (2) Resources - Competency with Objective C - Time (2 months of ramp up) - 3 rd party or internal - Student worker(s)? - Funding - Subject matter expert (SME) - Approval for project
  7. 7. DESIGN FOR THE WEB First Steps (3) Instructional Design - Audience - Instructional objectives - Evaluation and iteration - User interface and nav conventions Features + functions + audience -> Platform
  8. 8. DESIGN FOR THE WEB Platforms
  9. 9. DESIGN FOR THE WEB First Steps (4) Partnerships - Marketing, IT - Other universities - Other departments and units - Source Forge (sharing code) - Infrastructure (central web/IT) - New project proposals / SMEs - Grants
  10. 10. DESIGN FOR THE WEB First Steps (5) Code Stuff - Backing up (Redmine, SVN) - Programmers (audits) - Elegance - cleaning code with time - Acquiring and sharing skills - Database or XML? (SQLite, XML, php)
  11. 11. DESIGN FOR THE WEB First Steps (6) Prototyping - Maps - Paper prototype - Usability and interface - Jakob Nielson http://bit.ly/e2axI9 (Singh’s study) http://bit.ly/ho5bnI (mobile redesign) - Omnigraffle (list of others: http://bit.ly/hZuKUV )
  12. 12. DESIGN FOR THE WEB <ul><li>Some Dev Resources </li></ul><ul><li>iPhone SDK Articles: SQLite </li></ul><ul><li>iOS Reference Library </li></ul><ul><li>UITableView – Creating a Simple Table View – iPhone SDK </li></ul><ul><li>CocoaDev: NSLog </li></ul><ul><li>Latitude and Longitude of a Point (time saver) </li></ul><ul><li>Custom UITableViewCell in IB << Matt Galloway's Tips </li></ul><ul><li>iPhone SDK 3.0 – Playing with Map Kit – ObjectGraph Blog </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines for searching Google re: iPhone </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t overlook YouTube tutorials </li></ul><ul><li>Lynda.com, Stanford course </li></ul>
  13. 13. DESIGN FOR THE WEB <ul><li>Other Options </li></ul><ul><li>Web app (CSS, html, Javascript library, images) </li></ul><ul><li>iUI (Adobe Dreamweaver CS5 has iUI widget) - http://code.google.com/p/iui/wiki/Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Flash 5.5 to iPhone app (Adobe Air 2.6) http://labs.adobe.com/technologies/packagerforiphone/ http://www.adobe.com/products/air/ April 11, 2011 “we’re hearing from our developer community that new AIR applications for iOS devices are already being approved for the Apple App Store” </li></ul>
  14. 14. DESIGN FOR THE WEB Tree Tour Application
  15. 15. DESIGN FOR THE WEB Tree Tour Application
  16. 16. DESIGN FOR THE WEB Tree Tour Application
  17. 17. DESIGN FOR THE WEB <ul><li>Some positives </li></ul><ul><li>First official iPhone at OSU </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of publicity (local, national) </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships pay off </li></ul><ul><li>Developer community </li></ul><ul><li>Generated other similar project requests </li></ul><ul><li>Feeds into larger understanding of mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Academic opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Student worker opportunities and benefits </li></ul>
  18. 18. DESIGN FOR THE WEB <ul><li>News & Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>First app </li></ul><ul><li>Good rating </li></ul><ul><li>Scalable </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Follow ups </li></ul>
  19. 19. DESIGN FOR THE WEB Sharing Code Source Forge http://sourceforge.net/projects/osutreetour/
  20. 20. DESIGN FOR THE WEB <ul><li>Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Paper prototype </li></ul><ul><li>Internal testing (formative) </li></ul><ul><li>- touch, attention, layout, colors, directions - navigational conventions (distance placement) - “faux” augmented reality - GPS is ancillary to tour </li></ul><ul><li>IRB-approved end-user testing </li></ul><ul><li>- more media (videos, audio) & more tours </li></ul>
  21. 21. DESIGN FOR THE WEB Tree Tour Survey Responses <ul><li>Testing </li></ul><ul><li>scrolling </li></ul><ul><li>learning </li></ul><ul><li>liked approach </li></ul>Total Number of Responses Question Agree Disagree Neutral Comments Was the application easy to use? 10 0 0 Was the navigation effective? 10 0 0 Unit distances unhelpful; relative distances and landmark references preferred. Scrolling elements need to be more clearly indicated. Do you think this would appeal to visitors and campus guests? 8 0 2 Maybe if it had more stories, history, medicinal uses, myths, etc... Are you still interested in this application? 8 2 0 I don’t own an iPhone, but would be interested if similar application were developed for my phone. More interested in other different kinds of tours. Did you learn something of value? 9 1 0 Would like to see wider range of content. I already knew much of the information offered. Do you think this approach could be used for other similar topics? 10 0 0
  22. 22. DESIGN FOR THE WEB Tree Tour Survey Responses <ul><li>June of 2011 – Where are We? </li></ul><ul><li>The terrain has changed </li></ul><ul><li>Going native…Titanium, Phone Gap, Adobe CS5.5 </li></ul><ul><li>jQuery, CSS5, HTML5, SQLite </li></ul><ul><li>Objective-C is not easy and is so darn useless in other contexts </li></ul><ul><li>How do Extension professionals develop the skills? Can anyone become a “mobile developer”? </li></ul>
  23. 23. DESIGN FOR THE WEB Tree Tour Survey Responses
  24. 24. DESIGN FOR THE WEB Tree Tour Survey Responses
  25. 25. DESIGN FOR THE WEB Tree Tour Survey Responses
  26. 26. DESIGN FOR THE WEB Tree Tour Survey Responses
  27. 27. DESIGN FOR THE WEB Contact Info [email_address] Twitter: labelle_c Electronic Papyrus Blog http://blogs.oregonstate.edu/instructionaldesign/

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